Soil Transmitted Helminth Infections Among Children Admitted to Hospital Tengku Ampuan Afzan, Kuantan, Pahang
Introduction: Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections by Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura and hookworms still persist in poor communities in rural and urban areas. Recent studies in Malaysia focused on Orang Asli communities and few in hospital settings. This study determines the prevalence and risk factors for STH among children admitted to Paediatric ward of Hospital Tengku Ampuan Afzan (HTAA). Materials and Methods: This study was conducted among 133 (77 males, 56 females) paediatric patients in Hospital Tengku Ampuan Afzan from Dec 2017 to May 2018. Faecal samples were examined using wet smear, Kato-Katz, Harada-Mori and sedimentation techniques. Demographic data and hygiene practice information were collected using a pre-tested questionnaire. Results: The overall prevalence of STHs was 6% (A.lumbricoides 5.3%, T.trichiura 0.8%, and hookworms 0.8%). Prevalence among males was 3.9% and females 8.9%. Majority (94.7%) were Malays. There were two Orang Asli children and both were infected, one of whom had a mixed infection. Chi square analysis showed that the important risk factors for STH infections are education level of mother (p<0.05) and father (p<0.05), the source of drinking water (p<0.05), and the method of trash disposal (p<0.05). Conclusion: This study shows that the prevalence of STH infections is low in children due to better socio-economy and good hygiene practice. Differences in individual lifestyles and humid weather condition are probable reasons for sporadic infection to still exist.
How to Cite
All material submitted for publication is assumed to be submitted exclusively to the IIUM Medical Journal Malaysia (IMJM) unless the contrary is stated. Manuscript decisions are based on a double-blinded peer review process. The Editor retains the right to determine the style and if necessary, edit and shorten any material accepted for publication.
IMJM retain copyright to all the articles published in the journal. All final ‘proof’ submissions must be accompanied by a completed Copyright Assignment Form, duly signed by all authors. The author(s) or copyright owner(s) irrevocably grant(s) to any third party, in advance and in perpetuity, the right to use, reproduce or disseminate the research article in its entirety or in part, in any format or medium, provided that no substantive errors are introduced in the process, proper attribution of authorship and correct citation details are given, and that the bibliographic details are not changed. If the article is reproduced or disseminated in part, this must be clearly and unequivocally indicated.