Predictive Factors of Major Lower Extremity Amputations in Diabetic Foot Infection: A Cross-sectional Study in Three District Hospitals
Introduction: Limb amputation in diabetic patients is associated with severe economic, social and psychological effects on patients and their families. This study aimed to evaluate the predictive factors of major lower limb amputation among patients with diabetes mellitus. Materials and Methods: This cross sectional study involved patients from a cluster of three district hospitals in Pahang, Malaysia (Hospital Kuala Lipis, Hospital Raub, and Hospital Bentong) from the 1 st September 2014 to the 31st December 2015. Age, sex, ethiniticy, facilities, presence of hypertension, duration of illness, fever, haemoglobin level, white blood cell level, urea, creatinine, history of more than three limb salvaging surgeries, diagnosis and tissue culture were assessed to determine the predictive factors of major lower limb amputation. Results: History of more than three times limb salvaging surgeries, white blood cell count more than 15x109 /L and longer duration of disease were significant predictive factors of major lower limb amputations in patients with diabetic foot infections. Conclusion: This study highlights the importance of initial limb salvaging surgeries as history of more than three times limb salvaging surgeries is a predictive factors of major amputation in diabetic foot infection.
How to Cite
All material submitted for publication is assumed to be submitted exclusively to the IIUM Medical Journal Malaysia (IMJM) unless the contrary is stated. Manuscript decisions are based on a double-blinded peer review process. The Editor retains the right to determine the style and if necessary, edit and shorten any material accepted for publication.
IMJM retain copyright to all the articles published in the journal. All final ‘proof’ submissions must be accompanied by a completed Copyright Assignment Form, duly signed by all authors. The author(s) or copyright owner(s) irrevocably grant(s) to any third party, in advance and in perpetuity, the right to use, reproduce or disseminate the research article in its entirety or in part, in any format or medium, provided that no substantive errors are introduced in the process, proper attribution of authorship and correct citation details are given, and that the bibliographic details are not changed. If the article is reproduced or disseminated in part, this must be clearly and unequivocally indicated.