Efficacy of Antibiotic Laden Collagen Sponge In Treating Open Fracture
Introduction: Open fractures are known as a major predisposing factor for a higher incidence of infection. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of antibiotic impregnated collagen sponge in reducing the risk of infection in open fractures Grade 3. Materials and Methods: This was an observational cohort study, evaluating the incidence of infection in open fractures of the femur Grade 3A/3B following insertion of gentamicin impregnated collagen sponge (Collatamp®) during definitive fracture fixation. Eryhtrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) and total white count (TWC) were used as blood parameters to observe for the possibility of infection from pre-operatively up to follow up visits at the clinic. Results: A total number of 36 patients, whom had sustained open fracture of the femur Grade 3A/B, underwent internal fixation with antibiotic impregnated collagen sponge insertion. Overall, ESR and TWC in both male and female gender were downgoing trend, with p values of <0.001, and clinically there was no evidence of infection. No infection was identified in 97.2% of patients, following the internal fixation and antibiotic impregnated collagen sponge insertion. There was only one patient (2.8%) who developed infection following the definitive internal fixation and antibiotics impregnated collagen sponge insertion. Conclusion: The use of antibiotic impregnated collagen sponge in open fractures reduced the occurrence of infection. Furthermore, this allows for an uncomplicated union of the bone following definitive fixation.
How to Cite
All material submitted for publication is assumed to be submitted exclusively to the IIUM Medical Journal Malaysia (IMJM) unless the contrary is stated. Manuscript decisions are based on a double-blinded peer review process. The Editor retains the right to determine the style and if necessary, edit and shorten any material accepted for publication.
IMJM retain copyright to all the articles published in the journal. All final ‘proof’ submissions must be accompanied by a completed Copyright Assignment Form, duly signed by all authors. The author(s) or copyright owner(s) irrevocably grant(s) to any third party, in advance and in perpetuity, the right to use, reproduce or disseminate the research article in its entirety or in part, in any format or medium, provided that no substantive errors are introduced in the process, proper attribution of authorship and correct citation details are given, and that the bibliographic details are not changed. If the article is reproduced or disseminated in part, this must be clearly and unequivocally indicated.