The Effect of Oral Probiotic Streptococcus Salivarius K12 on Candida Albicans Biofilm Formation

Authors

  • Munirah Mokhtar
  • Alia Risma Rismayuddin
  • Ridhwan Abdul Wahab
  • Muhamad Ashraf Rostam
  • Mohd Hamzah Mohd Nasir
  • Mohd Hafiz Arzmi

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31436/imjm.v18i2.650

Abstract

Introduction:  Oral cancer is the sixth most common cancer worldwide with  Candida albicans  infection being one of the aetiological factors for the disease. Meanwhile,  Streptococcus salivarius  K12 is an oral probiotic that is beneficial to the oral cavity. The objective of the present study is to determine the effect of  S. salivarius  K12 on  C. albicans  biofilm-forming ability with the hypothesis that  S. salivarius  K12 inhibits biofilm formation of  C. albicans  Materials and method: To assess the effect of  S. salivarius  K12 on  C. albicans  biofilm formation,  S. salivarius  K12, lab strain  C. albicans  MYA-4901 and clinical isolates from oral cancer, ALC2 and ALC3 were grown in both nutrient broth (NB) and RPMI. In a mono-species biofilm, 105 of  C. albicans  cells and 106 of  S. salivarius  K12 cells were grown separately in a 96-well plate. In contrast, both microorganisms were combined for polymicrobial biofilms with similar cell numbers as in mono-species. The biofilms were incubated for 72 hours at 37°C and the media were replenished every 24 hours. Finally, the crystal violet assay was conducted, and the optical density was measured at OD620nm.  Results: Polymicrobial biofilms of  C. albicans  (MYA-4901 and ALC3) with  S. salivarius K12 when grown in NB, exhibited a decrease by 64.5 ± 25.8% and 83.7 ± 5.4%, respectively when compared to the expected biofilms which were predominated by yeast form.  Furthermore, polymicrobial biofilms of  C. albicans  (ALC2 and ALC3) with  S. salivarius  K12 showed a decrease by 62.5 ± 25.6% and 55.9 ± 17.1 %, respectively when compared to the expected biofilms when grown in RPMI that were predominated by hyphal form.  Conclusion:  S. salivarius  K12 inhibited polymicrobial biofilms formation of  C. albicans  yeast and hyphal forms, thus supported the hypothesis that  S. salivarius  K12 inhibits biofilm formation of  C. albicans.

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Published

2020-01-15

How to Cite

Mokhtar, M. ., Rismayuddin, . A. R. ., Abdul Wahab, R. ., Ashraf Rostam, . M. ., Mohd Nasir, M. H. ., & Arzmi, M. H. . (2020). The Effect of Oral Probiotic Streptococcus Salivarius K12 on Candida Albicans Biofilm Formation. IIUM Medical Journal Malaysia, 18(2). https://doi.org/10.31436/imjm.v18i2.650