Is there any Need for Health Intervention on Pediculosis Capitis in Public Primary Schools in Kuantan, Pahang?

Authors

  • Muhammad Aqlan Mohd Zaki
  • Nor Faiza Mohd Tohit
  • Razman Mohd Rus

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31436/imjm.v18i2.622

Abstract

Introduction: Pediculosis capitis  among primary school children is a global problem which poses significant consequences among school children and caregivers alike. Previous studies showed an association between pediculosis capitis and sociodemographic factors such as school location, age, gender, ethnicity, parental education, monthly household income, number of siblings and number of family members. Primary schools in Malaysia consist of National School and National-type school (Chinese) and (Tamil), all of which have different sociodemographic backgrounds. Thus, this study aims to investigate and compare the prevalence of  pediculosis capitis  among children of different types of primary school in Kuantan to properly plan for future intervention.  Materials and method:  An analytical crosssectional study using stratified random sampling was carried out. The schools were stratified according to their types. Number of respondents from each school was determined by proportionate-to-size. Respondents from standard one to six were given self-administered validated questionnaire. Then, their hair and scalp were examined for the evidence of  pediculosis capitis. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics.  Results:  There were 1,365 respondents involved in this study; consisting of students from National Schools (n=791), Chinese Schools (n=424) and Tamil  Schools  (n=150). The overall median age was 8.0 years. Majority of them were males (53.41%), of Malays ethnicity (60.29%), with household income between RM1000-RM2999 (31.87%) and from urban school location (98.68%). The overall prevalence of  pediculosis capitis  was 9.6% (n=131). The prevalence of  pediculosis capitis  among the selected schools was found to be the highest in National-type school (Tamil) at 33.33% (n=50), followed by National School at 7.33% (n=58) and National-type school (Chinese) at 5.42% (n=23). Conclusion: Pediculosis capitis  showed an endemicity in all types of primary schools. Hence, preventive measures are necessary to reduce the transmission of head lice among school children.

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Published

2020-01-15

How to Cite

Mohd Zaki, M. A. ., Mohd Tohit, . N. F. ., & Mohd Rus, R. . (2020). Is there any Need for Health Intervention on Pediculosis Capitis in Public Primary Schools in Kuantan, Pahang?. IIUM Medical Journal Malaysia, 18(2). https://doi.org/10.31436/imjm.v18i2.622

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