Effect of Sarang Semut Plant Extract (Myrmecodia Pendens) on wound healing of extracted tooth socket in Sprague Dawley rats
Introduction: Sarang semut (Myrmecodia Pendens) is a well-known traditional medication used by indigenous people of Papua for many diseases such as cancer, rheumatism, and ulcers. However, scientific publication of its curative properties is still lacking. This study was designed to investigate the effect of sarang semut extract on the healing process of tooth socket in Sprague Dawley rats. Methods: Thirty six adult male rats were randomly divided into six groups of six animals each. Group 1 served as a control group (no extraction). While Group 2 and 3 served as a negative control and positive control respectively. Immediately after the extraction of the right lower first molar tooth, the alveolar socket was treated with 1.5% sarang semut paste (SSP) (Group 4), 3% SSP (Group 5) and 5% SSP (Group 6). Two rats from each group were sacrificed at day 4, 7 and 18 consecutively. The extracted tooth socket was sectioned and stained with H&E stains. Soft tissue healing score of ≥ 16 indicates good healing has occurred. Whereas new bone formation of grade 2 and 3 indicates a fair and good percentage of newly deposited bone formation, respectively. Results: Histological analysis showed that soft tissue healing score for 3% SSP groups was highest (mean=19) when compared to all groups at day 18 after tooth extraction. All groups showed a good increase in the amount of bone trabeculae formed with mean grade of 2. Conclusions: This finding suggests that 3% SSP has a promising therapeutic effect on soft tissue intraoral wound healing.
How to Cite
All material submitted for publication is assumed to be submitted exclusively to the IIUM Medical Journal Malaysia (IMJM) unless the contrary is stated. Manuscript decisions are based on a double-blinded peer review process. The Editor retains the right to determine the style and if necessary, edit and shorten any material accepted for publication.
IMJM retain copyright to all the articles published in the journal. All final ‘proof’ submissions must be accompanied by a completed Copyright Assignment Form, duly signed by all authors. The author(s) or copyright owner(s) irrevocably grant(s) to any third party, in advance and in perpetuity, the right to use, reproduce or disseminate the research article in its entirety or in part, in any format or medium, provided that no substantive errors are introduced in the process, proper attribution of authorship and correct citation details are given, and that the bibliographic details are not changed. If the article is reproduced or disseminated in part, this must be clearly and unequivocally indicated.