The Failure of Former African Liberation Movements to Transition to Democracy after Ascension to Power: A Descriptive Analysis of Eritrean People’s Liberation Front

Authors

  • Idris Mohamad IIUM
  • Elfatih Abdullahi IIUM
  • Abdulhamid Mohamed Ali Zaroum IIUM

Keywords:

Eritrea, EPLF, Liberation Movements, Africa, Transition to Democracy, Failure

Abstract

This paper investigates the perplexing issue of the democratic deficit in Africa's post-liberation states. It seeks to answer why former African liberation movements failed to make a genuine transition to democracy during the second stage of the national liberation struggle, instead of leaving behind authoritarian military regimes and one-party states that disappointed people. The paper's primary goal is to study the transitional path of former liberation movements in Africa and examine the factors that contribute to the failure of the transformation process from armed resistance to conventional politics. The research is descriptive and analytical in nature, conducted using the qualitative research method. The findings show that former liberation movements in Africa failed as governments due to a variety of factors, the most important of which is elite resistance to democratisation, which led to the transition to dictatorship, the absence or weakness of political institutions due to the persistence of the liberation era's political culture, and the tinkering with the constitution and failure to put some of its key principles into effect. Furthermore, the study showed that anti-colonial revolutions in Africa only liberated the state, not the people. Finally, the paper ends with some recommendations i.e. several steps to be taken in order for African countries to overcome the dilemma of the liberation movement's democratic transition failure

Author Biography

Elfatih Abdullahi , IIUM

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Published

2021-12-29

How to Cite

Mohamad, I., Abdullahi , E., & Mohamed Ali Zaroum, A. . (2021). The Failure of Former African Liberation Movements to Transition to Democracy after Ascension to Power: A Descriptive Analysis of Eritrean People’s Liberation Front. IIUM JOURNAL OF HUMAN SCIENCES, 3(2), 68–77. Retrieved from https://journals.iium.edu.my/irkh/index.php/ijohs/article/view/205