حل إشكالات موهمة في تفسير بعض آيات من سورة الفجر SOLVING CONFUSIONS IN INTERPRETATION OF VERSES FROM SURAH

Authors

  • نسرين محمد التركماني Nisrin Muhammad AI-Trkmani
  • نور فرج صباح هويدي Noor Faraj Sabah Hoadi
  • أحمد خالد شكري Ahmed Khaled Shukri

Keywords:

solving confusions, interpretation, verses, surah al-fajr, إشكالات، آيات، سورة الفجر.

Abstract

وردت اختلافات بين العلماء في تفسير سورة الفجر، ظهرت بظهور التفسير منذ قرونه الأولى؛ فورد تفسير عن ابن عباس وعن الحسن ومجاهد وغيرهم، ونقل هذه الاختلافات بعض علماء التفسير أبرزهم الطبري والرازي وغيرهم من علماء التفسير الذين اهتموا بنقل الأقوال وترجيحها أحياناً. وقد أدت هذه الاختلافات إلى ظهور إشكالات في فهم المراد من الآيات في السورة. وهذا البحث يعنى بدراسة الإشكالات الواردة في السورة، وهي الواردة في: القسم، في الشفع والوتر، الليل إذا يسر، لذي حجر، إرم ذات العماد، رب أكرمن، تأكلون التراث أكلاً لماً، إذا دكت الأرض دكاً، وجاء ربك، ارجعي إلى ربك راضية مرضية، ادخلي في عبادي وادخلي جنتي. وسلط البحث الضوء على هذه الإشكالات لعرض هذه الاختلافات والجمع بين الأقوال للتوصل إلى أقرب المعاني بما اتفق عليه الجمهور، ووافق السياق. واتبع البحث المنهج الاستقرائي في الرجوع إلى أقوال المفسرين، والمنهج النقدي بدراسة الأقوال التوفيق بينها واستبعاد ما هو بعيد منها. وتوصل البحث إلى نتائج منها: لا يقسم الله تعالى إلا بأمور ينبه على فضلها، أو عظيم مكانتها؛ فأقسم بالفجر للتنبيه على عظيم فضله، وللحث على استغلاله بأحب العبادات إليه، كما أن صلاة الفجر دليل صدق الإيمان والبعد عن النفاق، وكذلك أقسم بالعقل لبيان سبب تكريم الإنسان ونجاته من النار؛ فبه يحصل التمييز، واطّراد سنن الله تعالى في أعدائه.

There were differences among scholars in the interpretation of Surah AI-Fajr, which appeared with the emergence of interpretation since its first centuries.  Interpretation came out from the likes of ibn Abbas, Al Hassan, Mujahid, and others.  These differences were conveyed transmitted by some scholars of interpretation, most notably AI-Tabari and AI-Razi and other scholars of interpretation, who took care of transmitting the sayings as well as weighing and giving precedence to them often. These differences have led to confusions in understanding the meaning of the verses in the surah. This research is concerned with studying the confusions mentioned in the surah, which are mentioned in: oath, in the event and the odd, the night as it departs, for those who possess understanding, The people of lram, the men of tall pillars, My  Lord  has honored me, You devour inheritance greedily, When the earth is pounded to dust, pounded and pounded, And your Lord will come, Return  to your  Master  well-pleased and pleasing (to Him), So enter in amongst my (honored) slaves, And enter into My Paradise. The research sheds light on these confusions, presenting these differences, and combining sayings to arrive at the closest meanings as agreed upon by most scholars and is suitable to and compatible with the context. In the research, the inductive approach was followed by referring to the sayings of the interpreters, and the criticism approach by studying the sayings, reconciling them, and excluding what is far from them.

The research reached at certain conclusions, among which is: Allah Almighty does not swear except by matters by which He highlights their virtue, or their great standing. So, he swore by the dawn to highlight its superiority and to urge the believers to exploit it by deeds of worship which Allah loves the most, just as the dawn prayer is a sign of sincerity of faith and of distance from hypocrisy. Further He swore by the reason/ intellect to explain the reason for honoring the human being and saving them from the hell. Thus, the distinction is made visible, and the rules of Allah the Almighty persist and apply in his enemies.

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Published

2021-03-08

How to Cite

Nisrin Muhammad AI-Trkmani . . . . . . . . . ن. م. ا., Noor Faraj Sabah Hoadi ن. ف. ص. ه., & Ahmed Khaled Shukri أ. خ. ش. (2021). حل إشكالات موهمة في تفسير بعض آيات من سورة الفجر SOLVING CONFUSIONS IN INTERPRETATION OF VERSES FROM SURAH . Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS), 5(1), 144–163. Retrieved from https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-risalah/index.php/al-risalah/article/view/296