Idols Mentioned in the Holy Qura

Authors

  • Ghassan Atef Ali Badran
  • radwan jamal Elatrash

Keywords:

worshipping idols, Quraish, Allat, Al’uzza, Ba’l, worshipping fancy

Abstract

This study deals with the issue of idols (Asnam) in terms of the reasons why Arabs worshiped them, and the period of that worship. It also defines the nine idols that mentioned in the Holy Quran with respect to the places where they were located, the tribes that used to worship them and the fate of those idols. The nine idols that the Holy Quran speaks of are: Allat, Al 'Uzza and Manat, which were among the most known idols that belonged to Quraysh Tribe and their neighboring Arabs, in addition to Wadd, Suwa', Yaguth, Ya`uq and Nasr which were worshiped by the people of Prophet Noah, peace be upon him, before being worshiped by Arabs. Finally, the idol Ba'l, which Bani Isra'il worshiped after the Canaanites did. The study illustrates that worshipping idols is not limited to those made of stones, but also includes worshipping idols of human beings, such as leaders, by submitting to them and obeying their orders even if contrary to the orders of Almighty Allah, and also includes worshipping fancy, money and Satan. The study concludes that Arabs in most of their times were on the religion of monotheism, but they deviated like other nations to worship idols which existence is contrary to the doctrine of monotheism, therefore the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, ordered Muslims to destroy all worshipped idols in their region.

يتناول هذا البحث الحديث عن الأصنام وأسباب عبادة العرب لها والزمن الذي عُبدت فيه، ويتناول كذلك التعريف بالأصنام التسعة التي وردت أسماؤها في القرآن الكريم من حيث الأماكن التي كانت فيها والقبائل التي عبدتها ومصير هذه الأصنام، والأصنام المذكورة هي اللّات والعزّى ومناة وهي أهم أصنام قريش ومَن حولَهم من العرب، وودّ وسواع ويغوث ويعوق ونسر وهي الأصنام التي عبدها قوم نوح عليه السلام ثم انتقلت عبادتها إلى العرب، وأخيراً بعْل وهو الصنم الذي عبده بنو إسرائيل حيث أخذوا عبادته عن الكنعانيين، وفي خاتمة البحث بيان أنّ عبادة الأصنام ليست مقصورة على تلك المصنوعة من حجارة، بل تشمل أيضاً عبادة أصنام البشر من الزعماء والقادة وذلك بالخضوع لهم وطاعتهم والانقياد اليهم في كل ما يأمرون وإن خالف ذلك أوامر الله تعالى، كما تشمل عبادة الهوى والمال والشيطان، ويخلص البحث إلى نتائج منها أنّ العرب في غالب أزمانهم كانوا على دين التوحيد لكنهم انحرفوا كغيرهم من الأمم إلى عبادة الأصنام، وأنّ وجود الأصنام يتنافى مع عقيدة التوحيد لذلك أمر الرسول ﷺ المسلمين بتحطيم جميع الأصنام التي كانت تعبد في جزيرة العرب.

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Published

2019-09-15

How to Cite

Ali Badran, G. A. ., & Elatrash, radwan jamal. (2019). Idols Mentioned in the Holy Qura. Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS), 3(3), 38–64. Retrieved from https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-risalah/index.php/al-risalah/article/view/190