The Notion of Afterlife in Islam and Sikhism and Its Implication on Muslims and Sikhs Lives


  • Muhammad Hanif Ismail
  • Mohd Noh Abdul Jalil


Islam, Sikhism, Eschatology, Al-Akhirat, Mukti


The article deals with the concept of afterlife from the Islamic and Sikhism worldviews. Islam and Sikhism are two religions which promote different belief systems. The former is propagating on absolute monotheistic belief of the One and Only God, while the latter promotes monism, the belief in the reincarnation of God in the Gurus. Despite the differences in the core belief system, both religions addressed similar notion of afterlife in their teachings. Hence, this article explores on the notion afterlife in Islam and Sikhism and its implication on the Muslims and Sikh lives. This research is employing comparative and analysis approaches on relevant texts from Islam and Sikhism to understand further the notion of afterlife in both religions. This article concludes that Islam and Sikhism uphold similar moral values which are shaped by their beliefs in life after this world. Islam and Sikhism promote virtuous way of life in this world by being obedient to God’s commandments in order to live a better life in the next world.


Download data is not yet available.


Abdul Rahman, Nur Farhana, Khadijah Mohd Khambali@Hambali. “Religious Tolerance in Malaysia: Problems and Challenges.” International Journal of Islamic Thought Vol. 3 (2013): 81-91.

Afandi, Syahrizal. “Kajian Hadits Jibril Dalam Perpektif Pendidikan.” Jurnal Penelitian Keislaman Vol. Vol.15, No.1 (2019): 30-42.

Al-Andalusi, Abdul Haq ibn Atiyah. Al-Muharrar Al-Wajiz. ttp: Dar ibn Hazm, 1423.

Alimardi, Mohammad Mahdi. “The Concept of Monotheism and Oneness in Islam and Sikhism.” Intl. J. Humanities Vol. 19, Issue 1 (2012): 71-84.

Al-Nursi, Said. The Resurrection and the Hereafter. Translated by Ali Ugal. Somerset: The Light, 2006.

Al-Ashqar, 'Umar Sulayman 'Abd Allah. Al-Yaum Al-Akhirah: Al-Qiamat Al-Kubra. Amman: Dar al-Nafaais, 1990.

Al-Ashqar, 'Umar Sulayman 'Abd Allah. Al-Qiamah Al-Kubra. Translated by Nasr Eldin Khattab. Riyadh: International Islamic Publication House, 2003.

Al-Ashqar, ‘Umar. S. The Final Day: The Day of Resurrection in The Light of the Qur’an and Sunnah. Saudi Arabia: International Islamic Publishing House, 2005.

Basri, Ghazali. Pengantar Ilmu Perbandingan Agama. Bandar Seri Begawan: Pusat Penerbitan Kolej Universiti Perguruan Ugama Seri Begawan, 2009.

Choudry, Mohsin. Aishah Latif and Katharine G Warburton. “An overview of the spiritual importances of end-of-life care among the fi ve major faiths of the United Kingdom”. End of Life Care Vol 18, No 1 (2018): 23-32.

Cole, W. Owen. Understanding Sikhism. Edinburgh: Dunedin Academic Press Ltd, 2004.

Cole, W. Owen and Piara Singh Sambhi. The Sikhs: Their Religious Beliefs and Practices. Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 1988.

Elaskary, Mohamed and Eun Kyeong Yun. “Death, Resurrection, and Shrine Visitations:An Islamic Perspective.” Religions Vol. 8, num. 34 (2017): 1-11.

Ford, Khadija. Paradise and Hell-fire in Imam Al-Qurtubi’s At-Thadhkirah Fi Ahwalil Mawtaa Wal-Akhirah. Egypt: Dar Al-Manarah, 2004.

Hakim, Ahmad. "Proses Penciptaan Manusia Dalam Al-Qur’an Dan Implikasinya Terhadap Kurikulum Qur’an Hadist." S.Pd.I diss., Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, 2012.

“Harmony of All Religions, A Peaceful World.” Association of Master Chin Kung’s Friends at UNESCO. Accessed December 29, 2020.

Horowitz, Mark. "(Dis)continuity between Sikhism and Islam: The development of hukam across religions." Degree diss., University of South Florida, 2007.

Ibn Kathir, Ismail bin ʻUmar. Tafsir al-Quran al-`Aẓim. Riyadh: Dar Ṭayyibaṭ li Al-Nashr wa Al-Tawziʻ, 1999.

Imran, Muhammad. Preparation for The Hereafter. Lahore: Ashraf Printing Press, 1977.

“Istiqamah Menghadapi Musibah.” Jabatan Hal Ehwal Agama Islam Negeri Sabah. Accessed on May 10, 2021.

Jepson, Rachel M. E. “Death and life after death: Children's concepts and their place in religious education.” Durham theses, Durham University, 2007.

Khalsa, Sukhmandir. “10 Ways Sikhism Differs from Islam: A Comparison of Sikh and Muslim Faiths.” Leaarn Religion, accessed on December 22, 2020.

Mas’od, Mohd Aizam. “Titian Sirat Itu Wujud.” Addeen Growth of Knowledge. Accessed on May 10, 2021.

Md. Zain, Aman Daima. Syed Hadzrullathfi Syed Omar, Mohd Shahril Othman and Hasan Al-Banna Mohamed. “Implementation of Panch Kekaar and Khalsa in Sikh Society in Kelantan, Malaysia.” International Journal of Business and Social Science Vol. 2, No. 8 (2011), 276-282.

Mohd Nor, Mohd Roslan. “Multicultural Discourse from the Minbur: A Study on Khutbqh Texts Prepared by Jakim Malaysia.” In Islam and Multiculturalism: Between Norms and Forms, edited by Fukami Naoko and Sato Shohei, 10/4. Tokyo: Organization for Islamic Area Studies, 2012.

Moliner, Christine. “Frères ennemis? Relations between Panjabi Sikhs and Muslims in the Diaspora.” South Asia Multidisciplinary Academic Journal Online, num.2, (2007): 1-18.

Nagaraj, Anil Kumar Mysore. Raveesh Bevinahalli Nanjegowda, and S. M. Purushothama. “The Mystery of Reincarnation”. Indian J Psychiatry v.55, Suppl 2 (2013): S171–S17. doi: 10.4103/0019-5545.105519.

Nambiar, Melanie Patricia. “Karma in Asian religions.” Outstanding Academics Papers by Students (OAPS). Retrieved from City University of Hong Kong, 2014.

Nurjannah. “Lima Pilar Rukun Islam Sebagai Pembentuk Kepribadian Muslim.” Jurnal Hisbah Vol. 11, No. 1 (2014): 37-52.

Obo Ekpenyong, Ekpenyong. and Emmanuel Williams Udoh. “Theism in Christianity, Islam and Sikhism: A Comparative Analysis.” An Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies Vol.5, no.2 (2014): 1-7.

O’Donnell, Kate. ““Don’t Freak We’re Sikh”- A Study of the Extent to Which Australian Journalists and the Australian Public Wrongly Associate Sikhism with Islam.” Religions Vol. 9, num.319, (2018): 16. doi:10.3390/rel9100319.

“Oneness of humanity.” BBC. Retrieved on May 28, 2021.,'%20or%20'Wonderful%20Lord'.&text=The%20belief%20that%20all%20humans%20are%20equal%20affects%20how%20Sikhs,%2C%20age%2C%20status%20or%20faith.

Pal Singh, Devinder. “Sikhism and Islam: The Inter-Relationship.” Punjab Dey Rang Vol.13, No. 4 (2019): 1-22.

Pitchford, Leila. “Facets of Faith: Sikhs often confused for Muslims”. The Advocate, accessed on December 6, 2020. entertainment_life/faith/ article_64f2c77a-2741-11e8-bfac-83dabe6d5aaf.html.

Pritam Singh, Gill. Concept of Sikhism. Pucca Bagh: Manjit Singh for New Academic Publishing Co, 1979.

Qutub, Sayyid. “Tafsir Fi Zilalil Quran Online: Bahasa Melayu (Edisi Lengkap).” Wordpress. Accessed on June 20, 2021.

Rahmat, M. and Fahrudin. “Understanding The Meaning Of Khalifah Fil Ardhi In The Quran And Implications On Education.” Earth Environ. Sci. Vol.145, no. 1 (2018): 1-5.

Reza, Md. Mohshin. “Monotheistic Concept in Islam and Sikhism: A Critical Comparison.” International Journal of Advance Research and Development Vol. 3, Issue 7 (2018): 129-136,

Shihab, Quraish. Tafsir al Misbah. Jakarta: Lentera Hati, 2006.

S. Markham, Ian. A World Religions Reader. Cambridge: Blackwell Publishers Inc., 1996.

S. Prabhat. "Difference Between Islam and Sikhism.", last modified September 27, 2017.

Siddiqui, Abdur Rashid. “Akhirah (The Hereafter).” Alukah in English. Accessed on May 10, 2021.

Sidhu, G.S. and Gurmukh Singh. “Sikh Religion and Islam.” Sikhroots. Accessed on May 12, 2021.

“Sikh Beliefs.” BBC. Accessed on May 12, 2021.

SikhNet, " What Happens After You Die?." Feb 3, 2017, video, 3.45.

Stephen Bigger, “Introduction to Sikhism,” Core, accessed on June 22, 2021,

Sutherland, Stewart. The World’s Religions. London: Routledge, 1988.

Syuhada, Ali. "HIKAYAT KIAMAT: Suntingan Teks Dan Tinjauan Eskatologi." Ujian Skripsi Program Sastra 1, Universitas Diponegoro Semarang, 2008.

“The Naturalistic Supernatural Origin of Guru Nanak.” ISLAM-SIKHISM The World’s First Da’wah Initiative. Accessed on December 29, 2020,

Virk, Hardev Singh. In book: Scientific Vision in Sri Guru Granth Sahib. Guru Nanak Dev University: Singh Bros. Amritsa, 2007.



How to Cite

Ismail , M. H. ., & Abdul Jalil , M. N. . (2021). The Notion of Afterlife in Islam and Sikhism and Its Implication on Muslims and Sikhs Lives. AL-ITQAN: JOURNAL OF ISLAMIC SCIENCES AND COMPARATIVE STUDIES, 5(2), 117–135. Retrieved from