Halal Quality Management System: A Comparison between Halal and Kosher


  • Abdul Rahman Adam
  • Che Amnah Bahari
  • Mohd Noh Abdul Jalil


This study discusses Ḥalāl and Kosher Food. How are these different dietary systems managed by food establishments? The management of Ḥalāl food has been studied from different perspectives. Management of Halāl food issues in Singapore adopts the 10 principles of Halāl Quality Management System set out by Islamic Religious Council of Singapore (MUIS) Halāl Certification Strategic Unit. However, no attempt has been made to systematically review the published literature on Halāl and Kosher food system management. It has been an industry practice for caterers to apply Halāl Certification even while they operate Non-Halāl kitchens. It is very challenging for caterers to maintain the Halāl Certification. The objective of Ḥalāl Quality Management System is to guide the Ḥalāl Certificate Holders in maintaining their Ḥalāl status. The principles developed contain very detailed guidelines to ensure that Ḥalāl integrity and traceability are maintained as well as no religious breaches. The Muslim worker in the company plays a very important role in ensuring that this system is followed. Thus, this reminds the Non-Muslims to be very serious whenever they are involved in providing Ḥalāl Food to the Muslim community.


Download data is not yet available.


A Comparative Analysis of Global Ḥalāl Certification Requirements https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10454446.2014.921869?src=recsys &journalCode=wfpm20
Comparative Study on Ḥalāl and Kosher in Foodservice Functional Subsystems Conference: Asia Pacific CHRIE Conference, Volume: 8th (2010)
http://www.ok.org/kosherspirit/spring-2012/kosher-certification-and-quality- assurance
Department of Standards Malaysia [Accessed 10 Jul 2018];MS1500:2009: Ḥalāl food - production, preparation, handling and storage-General guidelines (second revision) 2009.
http://www.jsm.gov.my/ms-1500-2009-Ḥalāl- food#.XOTdwohLiiM
General guidelines Of Ḥalāl Assurance System : Lppom Majelis Ulama Indonesia
Gordon food Services.
Retrieved from https://www.gfs.com/en-us/ideas/eating-according-religious-practices-kosher-and-Ḥalāl
Guide to Understanding Ḥalāl Food
Retrieved from
http://www.Ḥalālrc.org/images/Research%20Material/Literature/Guide%20to%20 Ḥalāl%20Foods.pdf
Grandin T. [Accessed 13 Jul 2018];Improving religious slaughter practices in the U.S. 2006 Retrieved from http://journals.openedition.org/aof/93
Ḥalāl and Kosher Regulations for Processing and Marketing of Vegetables retrieved from https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/9781119098935.ch42
Ḥalāl food chain management: a systematic review of literature and future research directions. a. Conference: 13th ANZAM Operations, Supply Chain and Services Management Symposium 2015, At RMIT University, Melbourne
Ḥalāl Criteria Versus Conventional Slaughter Technology. Retrieved from https://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/9/8/530/htm
Ḥalāl and haram food in the Quran and Hadith, Retrieved from https://www.soundvision.com/article/Ḥalāl-and-haram-food-in-the-quran-and- hadith
Is Kosher Ḥalāl? Retrieved from https://www.soundvision.com/article/is-kosher-Ḥalāl
The Pen Retrieved from http://www.thepenmagazine.net/islamic-food-habits/
Health in Islam: Diet and Nutrition Retrieved from
a. Kertas Tema SOM Mabims.
Khalid R, Knowles TG, Wotton SB. A comparison of blood loss during the Ḥalāl slaughter of lambs following traditional religious slaughter without stunning, electric head-only stunning and post-cut electric head-only stunning. Meat Sci. 2015;110:15–23. doi: 10.1016/j.meatsci.2015.06.008.
Kosher, Ḥalāl, & Food Regulation, Cornell Kosher and Ḥalāl Food Initiative retrieved from https://foodscience.cals.cornell.edu/extension/kosher-Ḥalāl-food-regulation/
Koshering your Kitchen retrieved from
https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/82667/jewish/Koshering-Your- Kitchen.htm
Kosher Food Certification : Retrieved from
http://www.koshercertification.org.uk/?gclid=EAIaIQobChMIpY-Eh- 6L5gIVAiUrCh21ygbBEAAYASAAEgKvw_D_BwE
Kosher, Ḥalāl, Pareve: Get to Know the Labels Alyssa Pike, RD International Food Information Council Foundation.
Kosher Certification Symbols
Muhamad Nordin Kasmon, (2011),Konsep Kosher dalam agama Yahudi: Analisis menurut perspektif pemikiran hukum Islam, Malaysia: Universiti Melaya,
Nakyinsige K, Man YBC, Aghwan ZA, Zulkifli I, Goh YM, Bakar FA, et al. Stunning and animal welfare from Islamic and scientific perspectives. Meat Sci. 2013;95:352–61. doi: 10.1016/j.meatsci.2013.04.006.
Nakyinsige K, Fatimah AB, Aghwan ZA, Zulkifli I, Goh YM, Sazili AQ. Bleeding efficiency and meat oxidative stability and microbiological quality of New Zealand white rabbits subjected to Ḥalāl slaughter without stunning and gas stun- killing. Asian Australas J Anim Sci. 2014;27:406–13. doi: 10.5713/ajas.2013.13437.
OU Kosher symbol Supervision. Retrieved from http:www.oukosher.org
Poultry Slaughtering in Perspective to Ḥalāl Slaughter retrieved from https://vet.upm.edu.my/dokumen/90301_Poultry_Slaughtering_in_Perspective_of _Ḥalāl_Slaughther.pdf
Quality Assurance Development of Ḥalāl Food Products for Export to Indonesia Social and Behavioral Sciences Symposium, 4th International Science, Social Science, Engineering and Energy Conference 2012 (I-SEEC 2012)
Rabbi Yitzchak Hanoka (2012) Kosher Certification and Quality Assurance http://www.ok.org/kosherspirit/spring-2012/kosher-certification-and-quality- assurance. Retrieved 1 Dec 2019.
Regenstein JM, Grandin T. Kosher and Ḥalāl animal welfare standards. Institute of Food Technologists Religious and Ethnic Foods Division Newsletter. 2002;5:3–16
Rules & Regulations of Ḥalāl Certification New Zealand retrieved from https://fianzḤalāl.com/rules-regulations/
Slaughter practices of different faiths in different countries retrieved from
Stunning and animal welfare from Islamic and scientific perspectives. www.elsevier.com/locate/meatsci
The Difference between Ḥalāl and Kosher: Retrieved from




How to Cite

Adam, A. R., Bahari, C. A., & Abdul Jalil, M. N. (2020). Halal Quality Management System: A Comparison between Halal and Kosher. AL-ITQAN: JOURNAL OF ISLAMIC SCIENCES AND COMPARATIVE STUDIES, 4(1), 89–115. Retrieved from https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-itqan/index.php/al-itqan/article/view/136

Most read articles by the same author(s)