Depression Among Non-Cancer Chronic Pain Patients at a Tertiary Hospital in Malaysia
Keywords:depression, chronic pain, painDetect, Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9)
INTRODUCTION: Pain is as important public health concern. Chronic pain patients most frequently present with depression, and this needed to be treated. The aim of the study was to find the prevalence of depression among non-cancer chronic pain patients attending a Pain Clinic in Malaysia, and discuss possible treatment methods to help these patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Inclusion criteria were all non- cancer chronic pain patients who visited the Pain Clinic of Queen Elizabeth Hospital (QEH), Kota Kinabalu, Sabah from 2013 till 2017. All patients were required to fill a PainDetect form and a Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). RESULTS: Two hundred and fifty-four patient’s case notes were analysed. The results show that 29.6 % patients had mild depression, with 34.4% of patients had moderate to severe depression. There was a significant correlation between pain scores and depression. There was also a significant correlation between PainDetect scores and depression. CONCLUSION: There is a high prevalence of depression among non-cancer chronic pain patients. This study shows that psychological treatment for all chronic pain patients is needed.
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