# Using Mathematical and Statistical Model to Forecast the Path of Infection by Covid-19 in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

## Authors

• Tarek Omara Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Islamic University, Saudi Arabia & Department of Statistics, Mathematics and Insurance, Faculty of Commerce, Kafrelsheikh University, Egypt
• Khaled A. Harby Department of Linguistics, Faculty of Arabic Language, Islamic University, Saudi Arabia

## Keywords:

Covid-19, Fit the curve, Nonlinear growth models, SEIR model, Regression model

## Abstract

Saudi Arabia, like any other part of the earthly globe, has been exposed to the Covid-19 pandemic. The first case appeared on March 3, 2020, followed by an increase in the number of infections until it reached thousands with the numbers on the rise. Therefore, adopting clear strategies to deal with the pandemic according to specific data on its size is necessary. In this study, the time series of the number of infections and deaths were analyzed to study the behavior of the pandemic over time. The cumulative curve of the phenomenon was analyzed to show the extent of the pandemic's decline or spread. On the other hand, the time curve of the number of cases of the pandemic was fitted based on a set of mathematical and statistical models, which were divided into three sections [nonlinear growth model, Susceptible, Exposed, Infectious, Recovered (SEIR) model, regression model] to attain the best possible fitting of the relationship curve. The results show that the Weibull model and Polynomial model at (n = 4) are the best models for fitting the relationship at short run and the SEIR model gives better relationship fitting at long run. In conclusion, there is a tendency for the disease to decline during the short period, while expecting other waves of the epidemic that will recede in the long term with the emergence of a suitable vaccine.

01.04.2021

## How to Cite

Omara, T., & Harby, K. A. (2021). Using Mathematical and Statistical Model to Forecast the Path of Infection by Covid-19 in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia . IIUM Medical Journal Malaysia, 20(2). https://doi.org/10.31436/imjm.v20i2.1683

Review Article