Chief in Editor

Prof. Dato’ Dr. Tariq bin Abdul Razak,

Kulliyyah of Medicine / IIUM Campus Director,

International Islamic University Malaysia.

Assistant Editor

Asst. Prof. Dr. Mohd Said Nurumal,

Kulliyyah of Nursing / Dean,

International Islamic University Malaysia.

Section Editor

Sinan Mohammed Abdullah Al-Mahmood,

Kulliyyah of Nursing / Head of Research,

International Islamic University Malaysia.

Reviewers

Asst. Prof. Dr. Muhammad Lokman Md Isa,

International Islamic University Malaysia.

Asst. Prof. Dr. Siti Mariam Muda,

International Islamic University Malaysia.

Asst. Prof. Dr. Salizar Mohamed Ludin,

International Islamic University Malaysia.

Asst. Prof. Dr. Sanisah Saidi,

International Islamic University Malaysia.

Asst. Prof. Dr. Azlina Daud,

International Islamic University Malaysia.

Asst. Prof. Dr. Siti Noorkhairina Sowtali,

International Islamic University Malaysia.

Asst. Prof. Dr. Syamsul Ahmad Arifin,

International Islamic University Malaysia.

Asst. Prof. Dr. Wisam Nabeel Ibrahim,

International Islamic University Malaysia.

Advisory Board

Prof. Dr. Sayyid Mohamed Ajmal Abdul Razak Al-Aidrus,

IIUM Journal Director.

Dr. Taqwa Omar,

Dean College of Nursing, Jeddah.

Dr. Radhwan Hussein Ibrahim,

Dean College of Nursing, University of Mosul-Iraq

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Chow Yeow Leng,

Director of Education, National University of Singapore

 Assoc. Prof. Dr. Junaiti Sahar,

Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Indonesia

Prof. Dr. Imad Matloub Al-Ani,

Kulliyyah of Medicine, IIUM

Prof. Kathleen Fahy,

School of Health & Human Sciences, Gold Coast, Australia.

Prof. Munikumar Ramasamy Venkatasalu,

PAP Rashidah Sa’adatul Bolkiah, Institute of Health Sciences, University of Brunei Darussalam.