TREATMENT FORMULATIONS FOR ‘RESDUNG’ IN MALAY MEDICAL MANUSCRIPT, MS 699
Resdung, a commonly used term among Malaysians, can be referred to as either allergic rhinitis or sinusitis. Allergic rhinitis is an inflammation of the nasal mucosa, whereas sinusitis is an inflammation of the nasal sinuses. These diseases affect worldwide population and the prevalence of this disorder is increasing. The use of conventional medical treatment for allergic rhinitis has been used widely. Despite the clinical effects, the adverse reaction causes concerns and by combining the conventional and alternative treatment, it can improve clinical effects and eventually reduce adverse effects. Thus, this study is aimed at presenting the treatment formulation of allergic rhinitis in MS 699 by transliterating resdung related content from Jawi to Roman writing. The MS 699 was selected from the National Library of Malaysia based on its inclusion and exclusion criteria. The method of transliteration used was the standard transliteration. The transliterated words were referred to an online dictionary, Pusat Persuratan Rujukan Melayu before the therapeutic information such as treatment formulations, signs and symptoms of diseases were analysed and discussed with the available scientific study. All Jawi words from the formulations were transliterated to Roman script except. The study discovered two multiple compounded formulations for treatment of resdung. The materia medica of the formulation is mostly locally available vegetative, such as jintan hitam and limau nipis. Though information regarding signs of the disease in the manuscript was limited compared to current studies, the description was sufficient to imply inflammation. To conclude, the manuscript MS 699 provided two formulations to treat rhinitis and ingredients used consist of natural resources that can be easily obtained among Malaysians.
KEYWORDS: Malay medical manuscript, allergic rhinitis, sinusitis, resdung and herbal medicine