Financial and Social Performance Impact on Corporate Governance Mediated by Earnings Quality: Evidence from Indonesian Islamic Stocks
Good Corporate Governance (CG) ensures the availability of better accounting information with higher transparency and accountability. Implementation of good CG in Islamic stock issuers should have a more positive impact than non-Islamic stock issuers as the former are selected based on a strong financial fundamental. This study aims to empirically examine the impact of CG on earnings quality. It also examines the impact of earnings quality on firm’s value. Thus earnings quality is considered as a mediating variable. This study uses the Structural Equation Model (SEM)-Partial Least Square (PLS). The final sample consists of 58 firms-years listed in Jakarta Islamic Index (JII) from 2008 to 2015. The study found that CG directly affects firm value with a positive direction. CG also increases earnings quality. The better the quality of CG, the better the quality of earnings. Then earnings quality increases firm value. In summary, earnings quality partially mediates the relationship between CG and firm’s value. This study uses the Corporate Governance Performance Index (CGPI) published by IICG (the Indonesian Institute for Corporate Governance) as the indicator of corporate governance quality. Predictability, neutrality, timeliness, and earning smoothness are used as the indicators of earnings quality. Tobin’s Q and corporate social performance represent firm value.