• Ibrahim Nuhu Tahir International Islamic University Malaysia


This paper addresses the law of inheritance as detailed in the QurʾÄn. It deals with the method used by the QurʾÄn in this regard. It is so comprehensive in such a way that not a single person among the heirs of the deceased is left out (with the exception of the grandmother) even though the ÄyÄt that tackled the issue are not more than four ÄyÄt. This attitude itself indicates the great important position held by this knowledge. It is about a system that Allah took complete responsibility of its explanation in detail. This is different from the norm, whereby Allah gives the general ruling and its details or explanation will be given by the Prophet (á¹£al-AllÄhu Ê¿alayhi wa sallam). Failure to put the shares of the estate in their proper position can lead to serious disputes among family members which can lead to cutting of ties between family members. This is contrary to Islam which deems family unity and integration as essential, Allah the Almighty has taken the said responsibility of explaining it in detail to the Ummah. The paper aims to expose the beauty of the concise information about inheritance mentioned in the QurʾÄn. This will be done solely through reliance on the QurʾÄn and other sources which support the QurʾÄn. This is the second part of two articles. Part One discusses the first type of inheritance (Farʾá¸), and Part Two discusses the second type of inheritance (Taʿṣīb). In this article, each set of conditions that qualify an heir to inherit a fixed share is accompanied by a table that illustrates their application. 

Author Biography

Ibrahim Nuhu Tahir, International Islamic University Malaysia

Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Kulliyyah of Economics and Management Sciences, International Islamic University Malaysia, Jalan Gombak 53100, Kuala Lumpur.


Akram Laldin, Mohamad. Islamic Legal Maxims and Their Application in Islamic Finance. Kuala Lumpur: ISRA, 2013.

Al-Fatna, ʿAbd Al-Malik. Khulāṣat al-Farāʾiḍ. Dimashq: Dār al-Fikr, 1949.

Al-Kātib, ʿAbd Al-Ṣamad ibn Muḥammad, The Book of Farāʾiḍ. Al-Madīnah: Islamic University of Madīnah, 1423H.

Al-Saʿdī, ʿAbd Al-Raḥmān ibn Nāṣir. Taisīr Al-Karīm Al-Raḥmān Fī Tafsīri Kalām Al-Mannān. Riyadh: Maktabat al-Malik Fahd, 1424H.

Ibn Al-Qayyim, Muḥammad ibn Abū Bakr. Jalā’ al-Afhām fī faṣl al-Ṣalāt ʿAlā Muḥammad Khair al-Anām. Kuwait: Dār al-ʿArūbah, 1987.

Ibn Bāz, ʿAbd Al-Azīz ibn ʿAbd Allah. Al-Fawā’id al-Jaliyyah fī al-Mabāḥith al-Faraḍiyyah. Riyadh: Maktabah al-Riyāḍ al-Ḥadīthah, 1393H.

Ibn Kathīr, Ismāʿīl ibn ʿUmar. Tafsīr al-Qurʾān al-ʿAẓīm. Al-Qāhirah: Dār al-Afāq al-ʿArabiyyah, 2006.

Ibn ʿAbd Al-Raḥmān, Abū Bakr. Dharīʿah al-ʿ hid ilā Taʿallum ʿIlm al-Farā’iḍ. Jakarta, Indonesia: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmiyyah, 2012.

Al-Fawzān, Ṣāliḥ ibn al-Fawzān. Al-Taḥqīqāt al-Marḍiyyah fī al-Mabāḥith al-Faraḍiyyah. Riyadh: Maktabah al-Maʿārif, 1986.

Al-Hilālī, Muḥammad Taqīuddīn and Muḥammad Khān. The Noble Qurʾān, English Translation of the Meaning and Commentary. Saudi Arabia: King Fahd Complex for the printing of the Holy Qurʾān, 1432.

Al-Raḥabī, Muḥammad ibn ʿAliyyu. Matn al-Raḥabiyyah. Riyadh: Ri’āsat Idārat al-Buḥūth al-ʿIlmiyyah, 2002.

Muḥammad, ʿImrān Muḥammad. Inheritance in Islam: An Attempt to Simplify One of the Complex Branches of Shari’ah. Minna, Nigeria: Sadaqatu Tayyibatun Foundation, 2012.

Muḥammad, Sālim Muḥammad. Takmilat Zubdah al-Ḥadīth fī Fiqh al-Mawārith. Jakarta: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmiyyah. 2012.




How to Cite

Tahir, I. N. (2015). THE PERFECTION AND SELF-SUFFICIENCY OF THE QURʾĀN IN THE LAW OF INHERITANCE (PART TWO). International Journal of Economics, Management and Accounting, 23(2), 163–187. Retrieved from