THE PERFECTION AND SELF-SUFFICIENCY OF THE QURʾĀN IN THE LAW OF INHERITANCE (PART ONE)

  • Ibrahim Nuhu Tahir Department of Economics, Kulliyyah of Economics and Management Sciences, International Islamic University Malaysia, Jalan Gombak 53100, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Abstract

This paper addresses the law of inheritance detailed in the Book of Allah, the Qur’ān. It is about a system that Allah took complete responsibility of its explanation in detail. This is different from the norm, whereby Allah gives the general ruling and its details or explanation will be given by the Prophet (ṣal-Allāhu ʿ'alayhi wa sallam). This attitude itself indicates the great position held by this knowledge. Islam values family unity and integration. Family disputes, disintegration and severing of ties can occur if shares of the estate are not placed in their correct position. Allah The Almighty has taken the said responsibility of explaining it in detail to the Ummah to prevent dysfunctional and broken families. The researcher relies solely on the Qur’ān and some sources which are also relying on the Qur’ān. The work aims to expose the beauty of the concise information about inheritance mentioned in the Qur’ān. The method of the Qur’ān is so comprehensive covering all the heirs of the deceased (with the exception of the grandmother) even though the āyāt that tackled the issue are not more than four. This research is comprised of two separate articles: PART ONE which discusses the first type of inheritance (inheritance with Farḍ) and PART TWO where the second type (inheritance with Taʿṣīb) is discussed. In this article each set of conditions that qualify an heir to inherit a fixed share is accompanied by a table that illustrates their application.

References

Al-Fatna, ʿAbd Al-Malik. Khulāṣat al-Farāʾiḍ. Dimashq: Dār alFikr, 1949.

Al-Kātib, ʿAbd Al-Ṣamad ibn Muḥammad, The Book of Farāʾiḍ. AlMadīnah. Islamic University of Madīnah, 1423.

Ibn Al-Qayyim, Muḥammad ibn Abū Bakr. Jalā’ al-Afhām fī faṣl al-
Ṣalāt ʿAlā Muḥammad Khair al-Anām. Kuwait: Dār al-ʿArūbah, 1987.

Ibn Bāz, ʿAbd Al-Azīz ibn ʿAbd Allah. Al-Fawā’id al-Jaliyyah fī alMabāḥith
al-Faraḍiyyah. Riyadh: Maktabah al-Riyāḍ al-Ḥadīthah, 1393.

Ibn Kathīr, Ismāʿīl ibn ʿUmar. Tafsīr al-Qur’ān al-ʿAẓīm. AlQāhirah: Dār al-Afāq al-ʿArabiyyah, 2006.

Ibn ʿAbd Al-Raḥmān, Abū Bakr. Dharīʿah al-ʿĀhid ilā Taʿallum ʿIlm
al-Farā’iḍ. Jakarta Indonesia: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmiyyah, 2012.

Al-Fawzān, Ṣāliḥ ibn al-Fawzān. Al-Taḥqīqāt al-Marḍiyyah fī alMabāḥith al-Faraḍiyyah. Riyadh: Maktabah al-Maʿārif, 1986.

Al-Hilālī, Muḥammad Taqīuddīn and Muḥammad Khān. The Noble
Qur’ān, English Translation of the Meaning and Commentary.
Saudi Arabia: King Fahd Complex for the printing of the Holy
Qur’ān, 1432.

Al-Raḥabī, Muḥammad ibn ʿAliyyu. Matn al-Raḥabiyyah. Riyadh: Ri’āsat Idārat al-Buḥūth al-ʿIlmiyyah, 2002.

Al-Saʿdī, ʿAbd Al-Raḥmān ibn Nāṣir. Taisīr Al-Karīm Al-Raḥmān fī
Tafsīr Kalām Al-Mannān. Riyadh: Maktabah al-Malik Fahd, 1424.

Muḥammad, ʿImrān Muḥammad. Inheritance in Islam An attempt to
simplify one of the complex branches of Shari’ah. MinnaNigeria:
Sadaqatu Tayyibatun Foundation, 2012.

Muḥammad, Sālim Muḥammad. Takmilat Zubdah al-Ḥadīth fī Fiqh
al-Mawārith. Jakarta Indonesia: Dār al- Kutub al-Islāmiyyah.
2012.
Published
2015-06-01
How to Cite
Tahir, I. N. (2015). THE PERFECTION AND SELF-SUFFICIENCY OF THE QURʾĀN IN THE LAW OF INHERITANCE (PART ONE). International Journal of Economics, Management and Accounting, 23(1). Retrieved from https://journals.iium.edu.my/enmjournal/index.php/enmj/article/view/288
Section
Articles