Linguistic Knowledge Types and Past-Time Inflectional Output of Malay Users of English

Authors

  • Maskanah Mohammad Lotfie, International Islamic University Malaysia
  • Nurul Aadilah Salleh, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan
  • Maimunah Abdul Kadir, International Islamic University Malaysia

Abstract

Acquiring the tense-aspect morphological system of English is challenging to second language learners due to the multifaceted nature of temporal markers. Acquisitional complexities may also be caused by the absence of parallel indicators in the mother tongue and the types of linguistic knowledge that users have. This paper highlights Malay-English differences in temporal markers and reports an investigation on language learners’ production of past-time inflections [-en] and [-ed] and their relationship with linguistic knowledge. Seventy-two Malay English majors who use English as a second language participated in the study. Data were collated using three instruments namely the Grammaticality Judgment Test (GJT), the Metalinguistic Knowledge Test (MKT) and the Written Production Test (WPT). Correlational evidence between explicit and implicit knowledge and target item output was found. Qualitative analysis of written data indicates consistent usage of [-ed] inflection but not [-en]. The findings of the study will enhance theoretical understanding of the role of linguistic knowledge on the development of learners’ inflectional morphology and can encourage sound instructional practices in the classroom.

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Author Biographies

Maskanah Mohammad Lotfie, International Islamic University Malaysia

Dr. Maskanah Mohammad Lotfie teaches in the Department of English Language and Literature, International Islamic University Malaysia. Her areas of interest are morphology, historical and cultural concerns of language acquisition, academic plagiarism and research design.

Nurul Aadilah Salleh, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan

Nurul Aadilah Salleh teaches English in the Department of Modern Languages, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan. Her areas of interest are second language acquisition, inflectional morphology and pedagogical grammar.

Maimunah Abdul Kadir, International Islamic University Malaysia

Dr. Maimunah Abdul Kadir is an Assistant Professor in the Department of English Language and Literature, International Islamic University Malaysia. She researches in the areas of sociolinguistics, varieties of English, English language acquisition and curriculum development.

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Published

2015-12-15

How to Cite

Lotfie, International Islamic University Malaysia, M. M., Salleh, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, N. A., & Abdul Kadir, International Islamic University Malaysia, M. (2015). Linguistic Knowledge Types and Past-Time Inflectional Output of Malay Users of English. Asiatic: IIUM Journal of English Language and Literature, 9(2), 139–157. Retrieved from https://journals.iium.edu.my/asiatic/index.php/ajell/article/view/651

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