Revelation and Science <p><strong><strong><strong><strong>AIMS AND SCOPE OF THE JOURNAL</strong></strong></strong></strong></p> <p>Revelation and Science is a refereed academic journal published by the Kulliyyah of Science, International Islamic University Malaysia. The journal aims to comprehensively integrate dimensions of knowledge conventionally regarded as separate and strengthen the efficiency of human intellectual progress. In line with the objectives of the Kulliyyah and the University, the journal is dedicated to the integration of science and religion, and the promotion of universal values. While acknowledging the substantial progress that has been made in the scientific fields, the journal is committed to the idea that the search for solutions to human predicaments can be enhanced by reference to an epistemological framework that is not restricted to reason and observation alone but acknowledges the role of Revelation (wahy). The Revelation and Science journal covers pure, theoretical and applied sciences as well as studies related to the integration of scientific knowledge and revelation. The journal is a compilation of academic and research articles, review articles, conference reports and abstracts that address contemporary issues within its scope.</p> <p> <a title="Vol.7, No. 1, 1438H/2017" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="" alt="" /></a></p> <p><strong>ISSN: 2229-9645</strong></p> <p><strong>E-ISSN: 2229-9947</strong> </p> <p><strong> </strong></p> <p><strong>Currently Indexed by:</strong><br /> Google Scholar<br /> Malaysian Citation Index (MyCite)</p> <p><strong> </strong></p> <p><strong>Publication Charges:</strong></p> <p>There are no charges for submission of a manuscript as well as no charges for article processing or publication.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Ethical Statement:</strong></p> <p>The manuscript must represent original work by the author(s). None of the material should be covered by any copyright; if copyrighted material exceeding approximately 100 words from a journal article or approximately 500 words from a book is used, the author has obtained written permission for its use. Further, this work should not infringe any intellectual property rights/secrecy laws of any person/organization/government/public or private agency, nor should it contain any defamatory matter.</p> <p>IIUM Press does not bear any responsibility for verifying copyright permissions provided by the author. Any breach of copyright laws will result in retraction of the published article/material <strong>as well as reporting to relevant authorities at the authors’ institutions.</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Current Issue: <a title="Vol.7, No 1 1438H/2017" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Vol.7,No.1(2017)</a> </strong></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>CALL FOR PAPER</strong></p> <p>On behalf of the Editorial Board, we would like to extend our invitation to you to contribute articles in the Journal of Revelation and Science. </p> <p>Submission can be made online at <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"></a></p> <p>Published articles can be viewed online at <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"></a></p> <p> </p> en-US (Revelation And Science Managerial Committee) (Revelation And Science Managerial Committee) Tue, 03 Jan 2023 11:41:36 +0800 OJS 60 Table of Contents Abdurezak Abdulahi Hashi Copyright (c) 2022 Revelation and Science Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Radiation Protection for Worker- A Short Review <p>Employee comfort and safety must be properly maintained in every workplace. Workers' safety refers to <br>providing safe atmospheres, equipment, and processes in the workplace to protect the overall health and <br>safety of employees. For radiation workers, radiation protection is critical to avoid the occurrence of <br>hazardous deterministic effects and lower the likelihood of the development of stochastic consequences. <br>This is due to the fact that onsite employees may be exposed to either artificial radiation, or naturally <br>occurring radioactive substances. The health consequences are determined by the amount of radiation <br>absorbed by the body, the kind of radiation, and the length of time the individual was exposed. A series of <br>solid precautions may be considered to safeguard employees from such exposure. Proper monitoring, safety <br>equipment, and counter measures such as shielding are some examples of precautions. Radiation protection, <br>referred to as radiological assurance, is characterized by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) <br>as "the insurance of individuals from hurtful impacts of openness to ionizing radiation, and the means for <br>accomplishing this". The reason for radiation assurance or radiation protection is to enforce a suitable <br>degree of security. The International Labour Organization (ILO) supports the dynamic contribution of <br>managers' and laborers' associations in the improvement of worldwide guidelines on word related radiation <br>security, as well as in the execution of the word related radiation principles, at both the public and venture <br>levels. <br>Keywords: radiation, radiation protection, worker, workplace, safety</p> Siti Amira, Siti Nursyakirah, Nur Syafiqa Copyright (c) 2022 Revelation and Science Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Islamic and Western Methodological Approaches towards the Study of Life Sciences <p>Life sciences in the contemporary world are fertile ground for religion and science contentions. It could be <br>argued that developments in evolutionary biology in the last two centuries contributed much to the rise of <br>New Atheism. On conducting a survey we find that the study of life sciences within the Islamic scientific <br>tradition never inclined towards atheistic thought. A core characteristic of Islamic science was that rigorous <br>scientific research was conducted within a predominantly Islamic intellectual milieu and a ‘tawhidic’<br>philosophical framework. The initial impetus to develop life sciences in the Muslim world came from <br>religious injunctions from the Quran and Sunnah. Many scientists like Al Jahiz, Ibn Khaldun etc pursued a <br>study of the biological world to understand divine wisdom at work in creation. The necessary starting point of <br>all scientific enquiry in the Islamic world was a recognition of divine unity that is demonstrated best by <br>cosmic unity. Because Islamic science sprang forth from an intellectual tradition rooted in religion and <br>spirituality, the place of symbolism in all literature was inevitable. The work of Muslim Biologist, Al Jahiz <br>is analysed and a comparison is drawn between the language employed by Muslim scientists and <br>mystics in order to understand how Islamic perspectives of Tawhid and cosmic unity greatly <br>intersected with and influenced the development of life sciences in the medieval Muslim world.<br>Understanding this feature of Islamic science is crucial for various reasons like a historical survey of Islamic <br>Science and contemporary efforts in the field of Islam and Science, particularly Evolution<br>Keywords: Zoology, Philosophy, al-Jahiz, Spirituality, Islamic Science.</p> Safiyyah Sabreen Syeed Copyright (c) 2022 Revelation and Science Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Ibn Khaldun’s Guide on How Philosophy Should be Taught to Young Muslims <p>Teaching philosophy continues to represent a hot issue of debate among Muslim scholars. Many leading Muslim scholars have contributed enormously to this debate including al-Ghazali (d. 1111) and Ibn Rushd (d. 1198). Ibn Khald?n, another noteworthy scholar, adopted al-Ghazali’s criticism of the advocates of the transmission of Greek philosophy.&nbsp;Ibn Khald?n (d. 1406) did not produce any independent work on philosophy, however, he devoted an entire chapter&nbsp;to its rebuttal “The refutation of Philosophy and the Corruption of its learners (<em>Ibt?al al-Falsafah wa Fas?d Muntah?il?h?</em>).&nbsp;Ibn Khald?n’s Magnum Opus the <em>Muqaddimah </em>provides a rich source for the building of relevant and well-developed instruction of Muslim philosophy. This study seeks to discuss Ibn Khald?n’s broad educational guidelines on teaching philosophy to Muslim students and draw some comparisons with other Muslim scholars. This research shows that Ibn Khald?n’s criticism of philosophy is constructive and yet remains open for discussion. It&nbsp;welcomes reasonable justification for the teaching of philosophy to Muslim students. Ibn Khald?n’s work though indirectly provides instrumental educational guidelines necessary for the filtration of Muslim philosophy from unwanted elements grounded in Greek metaphysics, epistemology, and worldview.&nbsp;The researchers employed textual and contextual analysis methods in interpreting the relevant data of the study.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong>&nbsp; Islamic learning, Ibn Khald?n Muslim philosophy. Muqaddimah</p> Salah Machouche, Salah Machouche, Mohd Abbas Copyright (c) 2022 Revelation and Science Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 The Maqasid-Based Medical Decision Making: Its Philosophy And Framework <p>The investigation on decision theory, over the course of last few decades, has afforded constructive <br>findings, profound insights, and practical prescriptions on this topic. The discussion on the matter has <br>posted fundamental questions about the rational bases, standards, and effective techniques for optimal <br>choice that influence the decision making in various fields of the practical life, ranging from public <br>administration, law and economic, to medicine. This paper aims to investigate contribution of Maqasid <br>theory in medical decision making. It presupposes that Maqasid al-Shariah, i.e., the terminal goals of <br>Islamic law, can play an important role in optimizing the medical decision, at both medical research and <br>clinical practice. To investigate this central presupposition the paper analyzes, in three basic sections, <br>fundamentals of the general theory of decision making, tools and techniques for optimal decision making, <br>and the framework of Maqasid-based medical decision. The paper has concluded that although the Maqasid <br>theory was designed and developed for the legal decision making, nevertheless its principles are applicable <br>to all modes of decision making. Through analyzing modes of human needs and hierarchies of interest <br>(Maslaha), Maqasid theory provides the ethico-legal framework for optimum medical decision. <br>Keywords: Decision theory, maqasid al-shariah, techniques of optimum decision, needs theory, al-Shatibi.</p> Ibrahim Shogar Copyright (c) 2022 Revelation and Science Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 An Analytical Study on Screening Methods of Foetal Abnormalities Associated with Alpha-Fetoprotein Level <p>Adopting scoping review approach, this article aims to conduct an analytical study on screening methods of foetal abnormalities associated with Alpha-Fetoprotein (AFP) level, which is defined as plasma protein produced by the foetus. The issue of foetal abnormalities associated with AFP levels is increasingly getting serious. The risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs) is significantly higher in the group of women with abnormal level of maternal serum-alpha fetoprotein (MS-AFP) than in women with normal MS-AFP. According to recent research findings, the spontaneous abortion, structural foetal abnormalities, and preterm birth has the highest occurrence rates of APOs. Applies the scoping review approach, this article aims analyze the screening methods on foetal abnormalities associated with AFP levels. The main purpose of the study is to provide a holistic view on screening method. This holistic approach comprises various analytical aspects, including data analysis and evaluation of the screening methods. The study is anticipated to provide an effective method of understanding how screening methods can contribute in clarifying problems of foetal abnormalities linked with AFP levels.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> alpha-fetoprotein, analytical approach, maternal screening, foetal abnormalities, down syndrome, scoping review.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Ibrahim Shogar, Nur Sakinah, Suzannah Copyright (c) 2022 Revelation and Science Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Microalgae From Antarctic Soil <p>Antarctic microalgae are rich in valuable fatty acids such as omega-3 PUFAs which are significant in the fields of medicine, pharmaceuticals, and aquaculture. Five soil samples from the Antarctic, S6, S10, S11, S21, and S26 were collected and cultured in four different liquid media namely Bold Basal media (BBM), BBM with 3-fold of nitrate and additional vitamins (3N-BBM+V), Jaworski (JM), and Chu 13. After two months, only the S26 soil sample with fine-grained sandy loam texture has positively influenced the revival of microalgae in every nutrient medium except for Jaworski medium (JM). The morphological traits such as spherical shape, smooth cell wall, and parietal chloroplast of the microalgae were observed under light microscopy. The microalgae showed similarities with microalgae belonging to the Chlorophyta group. These findings create further possibilities for further analyses such as molecular identification and chemical compound manipulation.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Microalgae, Antarctic soil, isolation, morphological characterisation.</p> Nor Syafawati , Zaima Azira Copyright (c) 2022 Revelation and Science Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Qualitative Physical Assessment on The Effects of Salt on Potential Hydrogels Used in Nanoparticle Drug Delivery <p>The prevalence of oral cancer cases worldwide has urged scientists to revise topical drug formulations meant for oral application improving drug locality. This alternative treatment helps to minimise the side effects from the current available treatment. The physicochemical properties of the material need to be assessed when designing a new topical drug. Therefore, this paper aims in developing formulation and characterise hydrogels with the addition of different salt concentrations. In this project, the hydrogels studied are iota-carrageenan and kappa-carrageenan. As salt is the common ingredient used in drug formulation, the effects of salt on the physical properties of carrageenan are studied. Each concentration of the carrageenan is formulated with four different concentrations of salt at 0.5%, 1.0%, 1.5%, and 2.0%. The pH of the solution is maintained at pH 7. The results show that both concentrations of kappa-carrageenan are not suitable to be used as a carrier for nano-topical drugs due to their hard and rigid texture. Based on the physical properties, the suitable formulation for nano-matrix would be the 0.5% iota-carrageenan added with 1.5% and 2.0% NaCl, as well as the 1.0% iota-carrageenan added with 0.5% NaCl.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Oral cancer, drug delivery, nanotechnology, carrageenan, salt</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Siti Fairuz , Ummi Nadiahtulnajiah Copyright (c) 2022 Revelation and Science Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Comparison of Digital Elevation Model from Consumer Grade Drone for Shallow-Water Bathymetry at Redang Island Marine Park, Terengganu. <p>The most common and best method of obtaining shallow-water bathymetry is using a single-beam echosounder (SBES). There were numerous studies on drone DEM for shallow river basins and coastal areas, but not on shallow-water coral reef areas. Thus, this study was carried out to compare the DEM produced by a consumer-grade drone with the bathymetry obtained from SBES for a shallow-water reef area in Redang Island Marine Park. The DJI Phantom 4 with 1/2.3” CMOS camera sensor was used to capture images using automated DroneDeploy application. Besides, the bathymetry survey was conducted using SBES Hummingbird 581iHD Down ImagingTM. The data were processed using DroneDeploy Proprietary Map Engine (Drone) and Hypack Max 2014 (SBES), which then were extracted and compared. The results indicated the shallowest level at the sandy beach <br>(0m to -1m) had the lowest RMS error (RMSE: 0.230m, R2 : 0.499), in comparison with other depth classes at both sandy beach and rocky shore. Therefore, the bathymetry derived from a consumergrade drone DEM, based on an RGB sensor is not suitable to be used for safety navigation mapping, but it can be applied for other coastal management purposes, such as shoreline mapping and monitoring.<br>Keywords: Drone, Bathymetry, Shallow Water Reef, Digital Elevation Model (DEM), Single Beam <br>Echosounder (SBES)</p> Zuhairi Ahmad, Muhammad Idzham Helmi Copyright (c) 2022 Revelation and Science Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800