A Study of the Islamic Perspective of Cognitive Development and Its Implications in Education in the Muslim World

Authors

  • Salisu Shehu Department of Education Bayero University, Kano

Abstract

Abstract?

This study is an attempt at expounding an Islamic perspective of cognitive development. It begins with a critical over view of the methodological and conceptual problems of conventional psychology. This is with a view to establishing the need and relevance of the Islamic perspective. For the purpose of expounding the Islamic perspective of cognitive development numerous verses of the Glorious Qur’an and Prophetic Traditions (Hadith), which have explicit or implicit implications to cognitive development, were collated and quoted. Their authentic and authoritative interpretations as given by various erudite and celebrated Qur’anic and Hadith exegetists and scholars were investigated and reported. Upon doing this, a number of principles, factors, and processes of human development (especially cognitive development) were derived. More significantly, through inferences, deductions and syntheses, some nine (9) stages of cognitive development were extracted from the said Qur’anic verses and hadiths. Finally, the Qur’anic view on cognitive decline due to ageing was also studied. It has been found that the Qur’an affirms that human beings do experience some forms of cognitive decline with ageing. Based on the findings mentioned above, some educational implications in the Muslim World were suggested and subsequently some recommendations were made.?

Keywords: Cognitive development, implication, education, Islamic perspective.

 

Abstrak

Kajian ini merupakan satu percubaan bagi menghuraikan perkembangan kognitif perspektif Islam. Ia bermula dengan pandangan kritikal secara keseluruhan terhadap masalah metodologi dan konsep psikologi konvensional. Ini bertujuan untuk mewujudkan keperluan dan hubungan dengan perspektif Islam. Bagi tujuan penghuraian perkembangan kognitif melalui perspektif Islam terhadap kebanyakan ayat-ayat suci Al-Quran dan Hadis (Hadith) yang mempunyai implikasi yang jelas atau tersirat dan perkembangan kognitif telah dikumpulkan dan dirujukan. Tafsiran yang sahih dan berwibawa seperti yang diberikan oleh pelbagai ilmuan serta diraikan oleh penafsir dan ulama Al-Quran dan Hadis telah dikaji dan dilaporkan. Dalam kajian ini, beberapa prinsip, faktor-faktor, dan proses perkembangan manusia (terutama perkembangan kognitif) telah diperolehi. Secara signifikan, melalui kesimpulan, pengurangan dan sintesis, terdapat sembilan (9) peringkat perkembangan kognitif ini telah dipetik daripada ayat-ayat al-Quran dan hadis-hadis tersebut. Akhirnya, melalui pandangan Al-Qur'an terhadap pengurangan kognitif akibat daripada penuaan juga dikaji. Ia telah mendapati bahawa al-Quran menegaskan bahawa manusia yang mengalami beberapa bentuk pengurangan kognitif adalah akibat penuaan. Berdasarkan kajian di atas, beberapa implikasi pendidikan di dalam dunia Islam telah dicadangkan dan seterusnya beberapa perubahan telah dilakukan.

Kata kunci: Perkembangan kognitif, implikasi, pendidikan, perspektif Islam

Author Biography

Salisu Shehu, Department of Education Bayero University, Kano

Director, Centre for Continuing Education and Professional Development, Bayero University, Kano

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Published

2015-06-24

How to Cite

Shehu, S. (2015). A Study of the Islamic Perspective of Cognitive Development and Its Implications in Education in the Muslim World. Revelation and Science, 5(1). Retrieved from https://journals.iium.edu.my/revival/index.php/revival/article/view/125