The Qur’?n and the Scientific Spirit: An Exploration of Key Issues

Authors

  • Muhammad Mubarak Habib Mohamed Sultan Omar 'Ali Saifuddien Center for Islamic Studies, University Brunei Darussalam

Abstract

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the role of the Qur’?n in inspiring scientific spirit. It starts with the analysis of the unifying concept of al-Taw??d as the main message of the Qur’?n. Al-taw??d becomes the motivating factor behind the pursuit of knowledge to show Divine Unity within the realm of creation. Muslim philosopher and scientists of the classical period (8th to 13th century) in Islamic civilisation worked hard to demonstrate this unity by exploring the world of nature. They employed what has been regarded as ‘modern’ scientific methods as we understand now with such precision and accuracy. This paper discusses the intricate link between their understanding of Taw??d and the pursuit of natural sciences. Within the framework of Taw??d that enlightens humankind on life and the universe, these Muslim philosopher and scientists were able to discover, invent and even theorise about the universe. The paper then selects some of the basic scientific conceptual tools of definition, observation and experimentation and logical interpretations that are used in the study of nature and trace their Qur’?nic foundation of such methods.    

Keywords: Tawhid, science, methodology, tools, unity.

 

Abstrak

Tujuan kajian ini adalah untuk menunjukkan peranan Qur’?n dalam memberi inspirasi semangat saintifik. Ia bermula dengan analisis konsep penyatuan al-Taw??d sebagai mesej utama daripada Qur’?n. al-Taw??d menjadi faktor motivasi pembelajaran ilmu untuk menunjukkan Perpaduan Ilahi dalam alam ciptaan. Ahli falsafah dan ahli sains zaman klasik (8 hingga abad ke-13) dalam tamadun Islam Islam bekerja keras untuk menunjukkan perpaduan ini dengan meneroka dunia alam semula jadi. Pekerjaan mereka dianggap sebagai kaedah saintifik 'moden' seperti yang kita fahami sekarang dengan ketepatan dan ketelitian. Kajian ini membincangkan pautan rumit di antara pemahaman tentang Taw??d dan pencarian sains semula jadi. Dalam rangka Taw??d yang menerangi manusia tentang kehidupan dan alam semesta, ini ahli falsafah dan saintis Islam boleh menemui, mencipta dan juga membina Teori mengenai alam semesta. Kajian ini memilih beberapa alat konsep saintifik asas definisi, pemerhatian dan uji kaji serta tafsiran logik yang diguna pakai dalam kajian alam dan mengesan kaedah asas Qur’?n tersebut.

Kata kunci: Taw??d, ilmu, kaedah, alat, perpaduan.

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Published

2015-06-24

How to Cite

Habib Mohamed, M. M. (2015). The Qur’?n and the Scientific Spirit: An Exploration of Key Issues. Revelation and Science, 5(1). Retrieved from https://journals.iium.edu.my/revival/index.php/revival/article/view/119