Journal of Architecture, Planning and Construction Management (JAPCM) https://journals.iium.edu.my/kaed/index.php/japcm <p><strong>Journal of Architecture, Planning and Construction Management (JAPCM)</strong> is biannually published journal by Kulliyah of Architecture and Enviromental Design.</p> <p><strong>Currently Indexed by:</strong><br /> Google Scholar<br /> Open Access<br /> MyJurnal</p> <p><strong>Ethical Statement:</strong><br />The manuscript must represent original work by the author(s). None of the material should be covered by any copyright; if copyrighted material exceeding approximately 100 words from a journal article or approximately 500 words from a book is used, the author has obtained written permission for its use. 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Any breach of copyright laws will result in retraction of the published manuscript <strong>as well as reporting to relevant authorities in the authors' institutions.</strong></p> <p style="bottom: 0px; zoom: 1;"><strong>Publication Charges:</strong><br />There are no charges for submission of a manuscript as well as no charges for article processing or publication.</p> <p style="bottom: 0px; zoom: 1;"><strong>Privacy Statement:</strong><br />The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.</p> <p><strong>Disclaimer</strong>: Opinions expressed in articles and creative pieces published in this Journal are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the editors, the editorial board or the publisher.</p> International Islamic University Malaysia en-US Journal of Architecture, Planning and Construction Management (JAPCM) 2231-9514 EDITORIAL https://journals.iium.edu.my/kaed/index.php/japcm/article/view/840 <p><em>Assalamu'alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh</em></p> <p>Dear All,</p> <p>Journal of Architecture, Planning and Construction Management (JAPCM), Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design is one the official journals of International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), under IIUM Press. It embarked in 2011 and is dedicated to the publication of original articles on the specialized fields of Architecture, Planning, Landscape Architecture, Quantity Surveying, Building Technology and Engineering, Applied Arts and Design, Construction Management and those related to the Built Environment. JAPCM is also the ardent forum for the reports of research that bridged the Built Environment and the Islamic worldview.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Prof. Ar. Dr. Abdul Razak Sapian</p> <p>Editor-in-Chief</p> Abdul Razak Sapian Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Architecture, Planning and Construction Management 2023-12-29 2023-12-29 13 2 UTILISING SMART TECHNOLOGY FOR HERITAGE PRESERVATION: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW CASE STUDY MALAYSIA AND TÜRKIYE https://journals.iium.edu.my/kaed/index.php/japcm/article/view/817 <p> <span class="fontstyle0">Conventional heritage preservation faces physical, social and technical challenges. This systematic review examines the use of smart technology to overcome those challenges through a case study and rapid reviews comparing the heritage preservation method in Malaysia and Türkiye. Given both generic and Islamic-specific contexts of the two countries' comparison, the study aims to understand how well both countries attempt to resolve conventional heritage preservation using several smart technologies applications using augmented reality (AR), virtual reality (VR), the Internet of Things (IoT), and drone technology. The finding carefully outlined the benefits, challenges, and limitations of smart technology techniques for better smart heritage governance direction in the future. It highlighted their significant role in smart heritage initiatives, including robotics, automation, 5G, and augmented reality in museums. These technologies enhance safety, prevent damage, and provide immersive learning experiences, helping policymakers and historical preservationists better understand the potential of smart technology.</span> </p> Irina Safitri Zen Adiba Nour Muhammad Aliff Nurhaqeem Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Architecture, Planning and Construction Management 2023-12-29 2023-12-29 13 2 1 16 A REVIEW OF EMERGENCY ROADS IN ISTANBUL: PAST, CURRENT AND FUTURE https://journals.iium.edu.my/kaed/index.php/japcm/article/view/821 <p> <span class="fontstyle0">In case of earthquakes, floods, fires, and landslides, access to the disaster area is vital via transportation modes, either road or rail, marine, and airways to save people and reduce the causalities. In this respect, the transportation planning process is crucial in evaluating the systems’ road capacity and demand conditions to plan an efficient and effective emergency master plan. During the disaster management process, the worst scenario considers mobility that will occur before, during, and after the disasters. The location choices of disaster management centers and logistic activity areas, as well as meeting points that will be used in an emergency, are determined, and positioned according to the status of emergency transportation routes. This study reviews the Istanbul emergency road conditions in terms of their capacity, damaged position, and requirements for an earthquake. It illustrates past, current, and future circumstances of emergency roads in Istanbul by using building data to estimate the possibility of the closure of emergency roads. ArcMAP program is used for analyzing the emergency road capacity and damaged position. Building conditions are determined by using the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality data. Besides, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and Megacity Indicator System for Disaster Risk Management (MegaIST) reports also give tremendous information during the preparation of emergency road analysis. Based on the investigation, the conditions of the emergency roads in Istanbul are evaluated, and suggestions for future development are made to highlight the conditions. According to the results, it determines that many roads will be closed in a possible earthquake because of the buildings located near emergency roads.</span> </p> Ahmet Bas Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Architecture, Planning and Construction Management 2023-12-29 2023-12-29 13 2 17 28 CONSIDERING ISTANBUL AS THE DRIVING FORCE OF THE MARMARA CITY REGION: AN ANALYSIS FOCUSING ON THE INDUSTRIAL SECTOR https://journals.iium.edu.my/kaed/index.php/japcm/article/view/822 <p> <span class="fontstyle0">The Marmara city region which covers fourteen cities (?stanbul, Edirne, Tekirda?, K?rklareli, Çanakkale, Bal?kesir, Bursa, Yalova, Bilecik, Eski?ehir, Kocaeli, Sakarya, Düzce and Bolu) is a highly accessible place where commodities and services needed by 5.7 billion people are met with each other and transferred among continentals. This study aims to define the role of Istanbul within the Marmara city region; to present the current state of the industrial sector in terms of site selection and regional specialization within the city region; and to discuss the future of the sector from the perspective of risks and opportunities. The research follows a qualitative methodology and uses document analysis and workshop methods for data collection. Verbal and written materials are organized into two major themes for thematic content analysis. The study shows that Istanbul has strong interaction and sharing with its thirteen neighbouring provinces. If Istanbul and these thirteen neighbouring provinces are considered and planned together under the umbrella of the Marmara city region with a holistic approach, the Marmara city region will soon transform into an assertive focal region and a dominant centre of attraction that manages/directs global flows of information, finance, people, goods and services. The Marmara city region needs a common vision with its integrated ecosystem, intertwined productionconsumption relations, and strong and competitive economic structure. The future prosperity of the city region depends on the creation of more intelligent, dynamic, innovative and diversified clusters with strong infrastructure in the industrial sector. For new industrial investments within the city region, it would be beneficial to focus on cities where outward migration takes place.</span> </p> Fatih Eren Muhammed Ziya Paköz Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Architecture, Planning and Construction Management 2023-12-29 2023-12-29 13 2 29 45 COMPARATIVE STUDY ON PLANNING LEGISLATION AND URBAN GOVERNANCE BETWEEN MALAYSIA AND TÜRKIYE https://journals.iium.edu.my/kaed/index.php/japcm/article/view/823 <p> <span class="fontstyle0">This paper discusses the comparison of the planning legislation and governance between Malaysia and Türkiye. Reviews from various literature indicate that Malaysia's development planning is primarily governed by the Town and Country Planning Act 1976, while for Türkiye, its planning systems of countries have evolved in two different ways: regulatory and discretionary planning systems. The organizational structures in Malaysia involve federal and local planning authorities, while Türkiye's planning is overseen by the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization and its various directorates and agencies. The study has found that the decision-making processes in both countries follow a top-down approach, but recent reforms in Türkiye emphasize public participation. Implementation mechanisms involve local planning authorities in Malaysia and various directorates and agencies in Türkiye. Based on the data analysis from applied document review and content analysis, this study concluded that there are significant similarities and differences. Both countries have comprehensive planning laws but with variations in implementation and public participation.</span> </p> Noor Suzilawati Rabe Izzul Haziq Rushdi Arif Mustaqim Shukri Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Architecture, Planning and Construction Management 2023-12-29 2023-12-29 13 2 46 56 A REVIEW OF PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION FACTORS INFLUENCING TOURISM SECTOR IN KUALA LUMPUR AND ISTANBUL https://journals.iium.edu.my/kaed/index.php/japcm/article/view/825 <p> <span class="fontstyle0">The objective of this paper is to present a comprehensive review of current research endeavours in the intersection of tourism, transportation, and sustainability. Transportation plays a crucial role in facilitating travel for all tourists and thriving the tourism industry. The relevant keywords will be employed to identify pertinent articles from the Scopus database, ensuring the inclusion of high-quality sources for the review. Based on the review conducted, it is evident that tourist satisfaction holds immense importance in evaluating transportation performance within the destination across diverse research contexts. Additionally, the study reveals that the existing transportation modes in a destination exert an influence on tourist movement, particularly concerning the designated transportation routes and the accessibility of tourist attractions. In conclusion, this review emphasizes the potential of employing new technologies as invaluable analytical tools to enhance transportation systems in the tourism sector. Ultimately, the underlying aim of this review is to identify the variables or attributes associated with achieving the overarching concept of sustainable development.</span> </p> Syakir Amir Ab Rahman Alias Abdullah Tengku Farah Syahirah Muhammad Aiman Fahmi Betül Yaren Atçeken Hatice Kübra Saraço?lu Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Architecture, Planning and Construction Management 2023-12-29 2023-12-29 13 2 57 68 CULTURAL HERITAGE AND URBAN TOURISM IN HISTORIC CITIES: CASE STUDY OF MELAKA, MALAYSIA, AND ISTANBUL, TÜRKIYE https://journals.iium.edu.my/kaed/index.php/japcm/article/view/816 <p> <span class="fontstyle0">This study analyses the sustainability of cultural heritage and urban tourism in historic cities. The study areas are Melaka, Malaysia and Istanbul, Turkiye, as both cities are rich in cultural heritage that attracts many tourists due to their historical significance. These cities face urban problems due to rapid population growth and economic development. Understanding the interaction between urban tourism development, cultural heritage preservation, and socio-cultural and economic repercussions on the cities may be learned through analysing cultural heritage and urban tourism in these cities. The objectives of this paper are; i) to analyse aspects of Melaka and Istanbul</span><span class="fontstyle2">’</span><span class="fontstyle0">s preservation of their cultural heritage, growth of their tourism industries and general urban tourism experiences, and ii) to conduct a comparative analysis of each city</span><span class="fontstyle2">’</span><span class="fontstyle0">s approach to cultural heritage and tourism. The method of this study is using reviews that include an analysis of texts on the history, philosophy, theory and concepts of cultural heritage and urban tourism in both sites</span><span class="fontstyle0">. </span><span class="fontstyle0">The findings of this study highlight Melaka</span><span class="fontstyle2">’</span><span class="fontstyle0">s and Istanbul</span><span class="fontstyle2">’</span><span class="fontstyle0">s strategic distribution and concentration of heritage attractions, effectively creating immersive urban heritage tourism experiences. Through character appraisals, these cities showcase the seamless integration of historical and contemporary elements, offering valuable insights into how distinct identities contribute to their success as vibrant tourism destinations.</span> </p> Illyani Ibrahim Ahmet Bas Khalilah Zakariya Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Architecture, Planning and Construction Management 2023-12-29 2023-12-29 13 2 69 81 THE 4th TIER MICRO PLANNING DEVELOPMENT: A REVIEW OF PRACTICES IN MALAYSIA AND TÜRKIYE https://journals.iium.edu.my/kaed/index.php/japcm/article/view/828 <p>Community-based planning plays a significant role in Malaysia's pursuit of long-term prosperity since it considers the <span class="fontstyle0">needs and aspirations of locals at all stages of the process. Community members' skills and experiences are incorporated into the decision-making process by incorporating community members' involvement in the planning process. Involving many parties is an attempt to encourage more people to participate in government and boost democracy's effectiveness. This paper attempts to determine whether the principles of Malaysia's 4th tier Micro planning are like what has been practiced in Türkiye. SCOPUS databases are used in the systematic review process to analyze the variety of publications in Malaysia's community-based planning context. According to the results, micro-planning in Malaysia is frequently carried out on a regional or neighborhood scale. However, this knowledge is neither well documented nor readily available to the public through academic databases. On the other hand, micro-planning projects in Türkiye show a systematic strategy aimed at local growth and improvement. These projects are generally developed at the grassroots level to meet the varied needs of different communities. Frequently, researchers worldwide are conducting communitybased planning studies to address local development barriers and foster more community engagement in decision-making processes.</span> </p> Nurin Fadhlina Mohd Anafi Norzailawati Mohd Noor Ainul Jaria Maidin Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Architecture, Planning and Construction Management 2023-12-29 2023-12-29 13 2 82 95 GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE NETWORK (GIN) SOLUTIONS FOR A CONDUCIVE STREET NETWORK AT LOW-COST HOUSING AND THE NEIGHBOURHOOD OF UKAY PERDANA, ULU KLANG, SELANGOR https://journals.iium.edu.my/kaed/index.php/japcm/article/view/805 <p> <span class="fontstyle0">Urban green infrastructure includes the street network a green amenity for people. It comprises transportation corridors, a linear pedestrian network, and linear green areas and reserves. The streets serve as a vital network connecting various facilities in a housing area. Applying a green infrastructure network (GIN) will contribute significantly to housing areas, particularly in low- and middle-income communities. It can facilitate people's access to various locations in and around the neighbourhood, thereby fostering a healthy society. The paper analyses the conditions of the green infrastructure network (GIN) in the form of the street network of Jalan Ukay Perdana at Sri Impian Flat and its neighbourhood of Ukay Perdana. The street network selected for the study is within 500 metres of the flat and the surrounding neighbourhood. In addition to a literature review, the study employed spatial mapping, analysis, and site observation. The methods were utilised to identify and assess the streets as pedestrian and transportation networks within the neighbourhood. The existing elements and potential GIN were examined to give recommendations for GIN solutions for street networks in the housing area. The proposal is suggested to promote the local community's well-being in low-cost housing areas. </span><span class="fontstyle2">Keywords: </span><span class="fontstyle0">Green infrastructure, green network, street, pedestrian connectivity, affordable housing</span> </p> Iffah Fadhilah Alambuaina Mazlina Mansor Putri Haryati Ibrahim Haza Hanurhaza Md Jani Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Architecture, Planning and Construction Management 2023-12-29 2023-12-29 13 2 96 109