Journal of Architecture, Planning and Construction Management <p>Journal of Architecture, Planning and Construction Management is biannually published journal by Kulliyah of Architecture and Enviromental Design.</p> <p><strong>Currently Indexed by:</strong><br /> Google Scholar<br /> Open Access</p> <p><strong>Ethical Statement:</strong><br />The manuscript must represent original work by the author(s). None of the material should be covered by any copyright; if copyrighted material exceeding approximately 100 words from a journal article or approximately 500 words from a book is used, the author has obtained written permission for its use. Further, this work should not infringe any intellectual property rights/secrecy laws of any person/organization/government/public or private agency, nor should it contain any defamatory matter.</p> <p>IIUM Press does not bear any responsibility for verifying copyright permissions provided by the author. Any breach of copyright laws will result in retraction of the published manuscript <strong>as well as reporting to relevant authorities in the authors' institutions.</strong></p> <p style="bottom: 0px; zoom: 1;"><strong>Publication Charges:</strong><br />There are no charges for submission of a manuscript as well as no charges for article processing or publication.</p> <p style="bottom: 0px; zoom: 1;"><strong>Privacy Statement:</strong><br />The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.</p> <p><strong>Disclaimer</strong>: Opinions expressed in articles and creative pieces published in this Journal are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the editors, the editorial board or the publisher.</p> International Islamic University Malaysia en-US Journal of Architecture, Planning and Construction Management 2231-9514 EDITORIAL <p>Editorial for Volume 10 Issue 2</p> Aniza Abu Bakar Copyright (c) 2020 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 10 2 SPATIAL MAPPING OF ENVIRONMENTAL SENSITIVE INDEX IN PULAU HUJUNG AND PULAU TENGAH, JOHOR <p>This paper addresses the necessity of sea spatial mapping for valuable natural resources of the island ecosystem in Pulau Hujung and Pulau Tengah, Johor. These islands are located in Johor Marine Park, rich with a diversity of marine life, resources, valuable ecosystems, and historical and cultural values. As an environmental asset considered as Environmental Sensitive Areas (ESA), the spatial mapping of its different zonal uses by using the Environmental Sensitive Index (ESI) is crucial in planning and managing natural resources within protected areas. By integrating the data of ESAs into the GIS application via the ESI, the generation of its outcome of digital mapping is easier to understand and applicable in managing the planning of the islands. The indices of ESI comprise of biological and human resources, and shoreline classification. Besides, the research refers to international guidance, namely the IUCN Guideline 2008 where the requirements of ESA protection were clearly stated. The results of the spatial mapping demonstrate that the islands could be categorised as preservation zone, habitat protection zone, general use zone, and buffer zone, in which each of these sea zonal use reflects both its characteristics and importance. The division of clear zones helps the relevant authorities to manage and monitor this special area so that these natural resources, marine life, and ecosystems can be sustained as the natural heritage of the nation. In a conclusion, it is evident that the spatial sea zonal use map is very significant and may benefit many stakeholders involved in planning and managing the waters of the eastern part of Johor.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> M. Zainora Asmawi Muhammad Adil Ramzi Mohd Daud Abdul Razak Abd Aziz Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Architecture, Planning and Construction Management 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 10 2 THE CONSTRUCTION OF NATIONAL IDENTITY IN INFLUENCING THE FACADE OF MALAYSIAN PUBLIC UNIVERSITIES <p>National architectural identity is vital for a developing nation because it acts as a symbol of unity as well as instilling a sense of pride and affection for the country. However, the purpose of inculcating national identity in the country’s-built environment has not been well implemented by many involved parties and the crisis has surfaced in many public and government buildings typologies namely the higher learning institution in the Malaysian context. The purpose of this paper is to identify the national architecture identity issues and to highlight the factors that influence the development of prominent higher learning institutions found in the local context. Educational building typology was chosen as it has always reflected a society’s stage of development and influential to the country’s advancement. This paper employs a narrative-qualitative approach using the interpretive paradigm to study on three case studies related to administrative building facades of public higher educational institutions in Malaysia namely UKM, USIM, and IIUM. The analysis of these building facades is based on two main indicators namely the constant and dynamic local factors.&nbsp; Findings of the study in the form of established referential guideline design on national architectural identity for the higher educational institution will inform future designers, builders, education providers, and related authority on how to efficiently instils national identity approach. This is vital towards outlining the best possible interpretation of Malaysia’s architectural identity formation, so that the country can thrive in the face of turmoil in the future.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Alice Sabrina Ismail Erna Nuralia Zharani Aiman Mohd Rashid Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Architecture, Planning and Construction Management 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 10 2 THE ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF ADIGURU KRAF IN SUSTAINING THE HERITAGE OF MALAY WOOD CARVING WITH RESILIENT PRACTICES <p>This paper aims to elaborate on how the roles, responsibilities and good practices can join in the enterprise of sustaining the heritage of Malay wood carving as reflected in the case of Adiguru kraf (master craftsman), Abd. Muhaimin Hasbollah from Temerloh, Pahang. The rationale is that virtues of research in understanding the roles and responsibilities of Adiguru Kraf, through his craft practices in sustaining the heritage of Malay wood carving is relatively novel and vital for recognition. Therefore, the main objective of this research was to identify the key components of his involvements in sustaining the wood carving industry. This is essential as the Malay wood carving is traditionally associated with the making of craft that requires manual skill and craftsmanship, while its production is to exercise skill based on knowledge and experiences. A qualitative interview with Abd. Muhaimin was conducted and it has set out the context of a master craftsman, an inheritor of heritage carving and practices, in relation to his roles and responsibilities that reflect his title as Adiguru Kraf. The investigation has led to the understanding of his characteristics and how he produced his works with some levels of exclusiveness, peacefulness, and purposefulness. The outcome and contribution of the paper is a better understanding of the roles of the master craftsman, which may become inspiration for the younger generation of woodcarvers to excel in their profession. Understanding of his roles in relation to the professional virtues and craft production is essential because of the potential and value of eliciting and transmitting of his knowledge and skill for the development of wood carving craft and industry.</p> Zumahiran Kamarudin Julaila Abdul Rahman Arita Hanim Awang Salmiah Desa Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Architecture, Planning and Construction Management 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 10 2 REFLECTION ON THE NATIONAL ARCHITECTURAL IDENTITY OF MALAYSIA: A QUALITATIVE STUDY BASED ON THE THOUGHTS OF ACHMAD MOERDIJAT <p>This paper aims to document the finding on the national architecture identity of Malaysia based on the thoughts of renowned architect Achmad Moerdijat. Malaysian architecture today is a synthesis of architectural languages in which many are strongly influenced by western ideas, ranging from the Neo-Classical to the International Style and Post Modernism. The primary issue concerning Malaysian architecture is that Many architects today realized Malaysia lacks an identity if its own in terms of architecture. The lack of discourses, research, and documentation on Malaysian architectural identity are among the factors that contributed to a persistent misunderstanding of architecture identity and its association with the political, economic, and socio-cultural context of Malaysia. Ar. Ir. Achmad Moerdijat was selected to gain more insight into this issue considering his attachment period and architectural practice in the Malaysian context to find out his philosophy and principle in design and further upon his opinion of the subject matter of national architecture identity of Malaysia. The research proceeded through an exclusive interviewing session with the architect, where he shared his opinion on National Architectural in Malaysia. The findings showed that Malaysia is still in search of the architectural identity itself. This is due to the lack of research in terms of culture in Malaysia by the architects. The next issue is that the client only looks forward to the aesthetics looks rather than implying the National Architectural Malaysia style in the design. The aesthetics looks will increase the demands of profit, but the value of our architectural style is not there. Further research on this topic is recommended to gain a holistic view of the issue of the national architectural identity of Malaysia.</p> Nayeem Asif Muhammad Zulhilmi Mohd Zuki Muhammad Haikal Hussain Muhammad Aliff Zharfan Mohamad Fouzi Ridho Ardiansyah Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Architecture, Planning and Construction Management 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 10 2 PEDAGOGICAL STRATEGIES OF ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE WITHIN HIGHER EDUCATION: PAPER REVIEW <p style="margin: 0cm; text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span style="color: #0e101a;">The teaching/learning environment is constantly changing; however, traditional lecture-based pedagogy has remained fundamentally unchanged. This is particularly true with the teaching of History of Architecture where trends of contents and teaching have not changed. Passive learning of knowledge could lead learners to experience cultural alienation and be disassociated from contemporary issues. The research asserts that Islamic architecture is a discourse occupied with complexities and ruptures, and educational strategies can address these multiple realities of constructions. The research finds that the discourse of Islamic architecture is a complex subject with multiple narratives that are often swept under a metanarrative, positioned as the ‘other’ towards Western history. The paper intends to identify multiple histories and narratives within Islamic architecture, and the paper posits that developing the course syllabus can help facilitate critical learning. The research applies the qualitative methodology of a systematic literature review. A new approach to archival content can have encouraging effects on how the discourse is understood and made relevant to contemporary issues. Contents of diverse context and issues facilitate critical learning, enabling students to construct an encompassing understanding of Islamic architecture.</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm; text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span style="color: #0e101a;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm; text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><em><span style="color: #0e101a;">Keywords: lecture-based pedagogy, History of Architecture, Western history</span></em></p> Liyana Hasnan Nangkula Utaberta Sumarni Ismail Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Architecture, Planning and Construction Management 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 10 2 STREETSCAPE AT JALAN TEMENGGUNG, KOTA BHARU, KELANTAN: EVALUATING ITS EFFECTIVENESS TOWARDS THE WALKING CULTURE <p>This research concerns the visual perception of alternative approaches and methods in urban environments for the transformation of streetscape requiring direct involvement of the users in creating a comfortable and satisfying environment for the community. The aim is to embody a good walking culture in Bandar Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Jalan Temenggung. Since the shop houses' income is decreasing due to the low population coming to the city, new modernized buildings are underway to improve the area’s revenues. This is important to raise and encourage community involvement in the process of preserving Jalan Temenggung’s shop houses culture and heritage. The objective of this paper is to evaluate factors that influenced the architecture interventions on walking culture in the study area. The advent of walking culture architectural projects was motivated by the lack of walking activity in the area and the deterrent of revenue against the heritage shop house. The respondents were asked to rate the streetscape according to the efficacy of the current streetscape. The result of defining physical characteristics and evaluating public expectations about the implications of existing urban streetscape design. In addition, to create good governance in urban planning and design, the finding may be useful to many stakeholders, such as shop house owners themselves to conserve and preserve the culture and heritage of the shop houses.</p> Mohamad Amir Shamsul Anuar Nayeem Asif Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Architecture, Planning and Construction Management 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 10 2 ESTABLISHING ISSUES ON CHILDREN AT MASJID IN MALAYSIA THROUGH A DESKTOP STUDY <p>Masjid is said to be the centre of a community but is often associated with adults when children are also part of the community. The image portrayed in the society shows children are often marginalised in the masjid. Children at masjid have been a continuous debate from time to time within the community, particularly during the month of Ramadhan (fasting month of the Muslim calendar) as the number of children attending masjids increase. This paper aims to establish the issues concerning children and masjid in Malaysia. For this purpose, a systematic desktop study is performed. Through the use of Google search engine, data are collected from several sources which are the Facebook post, YouTube video, articles from e-newspaper, blog posts, and e-magazine. The data is analysed using NVivo software to accumulate related keywords to identify and establish issues on children at the masjid. This study focuses on two main domains which are masjid and children. The findings suggest that the issues of children at masjid revolve around four established themes which are the children themselves, physical space, management of the masjid, and<em> jamaah</em> of the masjid.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keyword</strong>: Children-friendly-masjid, issues of children at masjid, systematic desktop study</p> Zur Atiqa Zulkifely Aniza Abu Bakar Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Architecture, Planning and Construction Management 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 10 2 INTEGRATION OF SUSTAINABILITY ISSUES IN INTERIOR DESIGN EDUCATION IN MALAYSIA <p>Concern over the environmental impact resulted from the overused of the natural resources to fulfill human needs are increasing in recent years.&nbsp; In order to minimize the negative effects on the environment, the understanding of sustainability consciousness in interior design therefore stimulates the basic needs to practice considerate usage of electricity, water, materials, and resource quality. A systematic literature review (SLR) offers an overview of topics to clearly define and help select the issues that are potentially applicable from one or more research questions identified. It involves diligent scanning of databases and keywords in an electronic search engine. Through this SLR analysis, despite having comprehensive general research on sustainable interior design, it is found that exposure to sustainability issues in interior design education in Malaysia has a minimal number of direct research results. This indicates that a research gap can clearly be established in the body of knowledge, contributing to the further improvement of research aims and research questions. It is proposed that in order to establish awareness of better environmental development for future generations, early integration of sustainability issues into interior design education is vital. For instance, education on knowledge of sustainability, understanding, or the incorporation of environmental issues may lead to adequate practicality for sustainable interior design.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Systematic literature review, sustainability, interior design, education, Malaysia.</p> Arita Hanim Awang Ninunroihan Jehtae Noraini Ahmad Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Architecture, Planning and Construction Management 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 10 2