Design Ideals Journal <p>The <strong>Design Ideals Journal (DIJ)</strong> of the Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design, IIUM is dedicated to creative output, product and proposal of ideas and designs related to theory, experiments, research, development and applications of the ideas and practices of the built environment professions in Malaysia and elsewhere.</p> en-US (Prof. Tpr. Dato'™ Dr. Mansor Ibrahim) (Syarel Azill Yaali ) Thu, 13 Jul 2023 23:02:36 +0800 OJS 60 PREFACE <p>PREFACE</p> Prof. Dato' Sri Ar. Dr. Asiah Abdul Rahim Copyright (c) 2023 Thu, 13 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +0800 EDITORIAL <p>EDITORIAL</p> Prof. Dato' Sri Ar. Dr. Asiah Abdul Rahim Copyright (c) 2023 Thu, 13 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +0800 TABLE OF CONTENT <p>TABLE OF CONTENT</p> Prof. Dato' Sri Ar. Dr. Asiah Abdul Rahim Copyright (c) 2023 Thu, 13 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +0800 ARCHITECTURAL ELEMENTS OF TRADITIONAL MALAY BUILDINGS IN GOMBAK DISTRICT, SELANGOR <p>Traditional Malay buildings are rooted in history and represent the local identity, beliefs, and culture of the area. Each building is often associated with a specific state. However, in Selangor, the architectural identity of traditional Malay buildings is relatively scarce and needs more explicit characteristic mapping. There are fifteen common decorative elements found in traditional Malay buildings across Malaysia, namely tunjuk langit, sisik naga, sulur bayung, ande-ande, papan pemeleh, kepala cicak, tiang gantung, kekisi, gerbang, gerbang pintu, sesiku keluang, kepala pintu, kepala tingkap, and pagar musang. The objective of this research is to identify the architectural decorative elements of traditional Malay houses and masjids in the Gombak district of Selangor. The research conducted on site observations of 39 traditional Malay buildings (34 houses and 5 masjids) from 13 villages in Gombak. The research identified eight common architectural elements in Gombak's traditional Malay houses and masjids. These architectural elements add to the aesthetic theory and philosophy of traditional Malay houses and masjids in Selangor and should be preserved.</p> Nurul Hamiruddin Salleh, Mohammad Zaim Abdullah, Nurlelawati Ab. Jalil Copyright (c) 2023 Thu, 13 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +0800 DESIGN FACTORS OF PARK FACILITIES FOR MUSLIM FEMALE PARTICIPATION IN EXTREME SPORTS <p>Extreme sports, such as water sports, airborne sports, and mountain sports, become the sensational alternative among youth as they involve in various indoor and outdoor sports’ activities. It enhances the individual's endurance, physical fitness, and helps to control and eliminate stress, thus promote healthy lifestyle. Extreme sport activity is one of the greatest challenges for people who prefer it rather than the organised sports. The number of participation in Malaysia is less from women, especially the Muslim women. A pilot survey indicates that discomfort on existing extreme sport facilities is the main reason of less participation among women. This research aims to identify the design factors that contribute towards lack of participation and dissatisfaction among Muslim women on the existing facilities of extreme parks. Thus, the best design and spatial planning of the facilities that meet women’s need and comfort as a space to practice and participate in extreme sports can be discovered. The methodologies applied are as follows: survey on user’s satisfaction, observation<br>on physical factors and physical planning (access audit), interview with the management officers, and case studies on women sport complex design that apply Sharia-compliant features. A total of 80 survey respondents were randomly drawn from a cluster sample of Muslim women in Klang Valley area to record their perceptions, satisfaction and preferences. Observation and interview were conducted at four (4) selected extreme parks in Klang Valley, which are Enerz Indoor Extreme Park, Putrajaya Challenge Park, District 21 and Shah Alam Extreme Park. The result obtained from the research will contribute to the ideal guidelines, design and spatial planning of extreme park that give freedom, comfort and satisfaction to individuals, especially to the Muslim women in practicing and participating in extreme sports activities. The guidelines will also be an educational references for the future.</p> Siti Aisyah Johan, Nurul Hamiruddin Salleh Copyright (c) 2023 Thu, 13 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +0800 TRANQUILITY DESIGN CONCEPT FOR RECTORY BUILDING GRAND ARCHWAY AND THE SHAS MOSQUE UPPER COURTYARD <p>This project intends to rejuvenate the grand archway of the International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), which encompasses the main staircase, the rectory building, and the mosque courtyard. These places are interconnected and meant for transitional pathways between the rectory building and other parts of IIUM. In this project, processes to harmonise the exterior and interior design of the sites were explored. The process bridged the gap between the characteristics of Islamic architecture and holistic human experiences. The main design characters of the site are preserved but give a new breath to the overall appeal and versatility of operation in the areas. First, the current conditions of the sites were analysed. Then, a design concept that would increase accessibility, functionality, aesthetic appeal, cost-efficiency, historical preservation, productivity, security and safety, and sustainability was envisioned.</p> Muhammad Arif Haikal Zahari, Fadzli Irwan Bahrudin , Jasasikin Ab Sani, Sufian Hamat, Azrin Md Din, Julian Osman Copyright (c) 2023 Thu, 13 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +0800 DESIGN PROPOSAL FOR THE ENHANCEMENT OF THE RECTORY BUILDING GRAND STAIRCASE ARCHWAY AND THE SULTAN HAJI AHMAD SHAH MASJID UPPER COURTYARD, GOMBAK CAMPUS, INTERNATIONAL ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY MALAYSIA <p>This research studies the current IIUM Rectory Building's Grand Staircase Archway and the Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah (SHAS) masjid's upper courtyard as a development project. The development project objective is to propose a design that will make IIUM's main staircase the primary access and circulation to the rectory building and the SHAS masjid's upper courtyard. The research commences by identifying pertinent design issues of the two (2) areas and eventually proceeds with the proposed design to enhance the function and features of the areas. The concept and philosophy of the design are based on the mission and vision of IIUM to reflect the institution's seven (7) values. The architectural aspects of this project are infused in the design that manifests the SDG goals' aspirations appropriate to the physical environment of the IIUM campus. The design proposal as the research outcome exhibits a welcoming and people-friendly design that reflects the multicultural value of IIUM.</p> Muhammad Deenni Hakkim Zainudin, Sufian Hamat, Mirza Aufa Mohd Nazri, Muhammad Kamal Arif Anuar, Nur Syafiqah Mohd Razel Copyright (c) 2023 Thu, 13 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +0800 REVITALISATION OF AL-GHAZALI WALK & COURTYARD DESIGN <p>The ultimate goal of the project is to propose a design for the revitalization of Al-Ghazali Walk (Road) for the IIUM Community. The project involves designing a façade of a building, flood mitigation, and Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah’s (SHAS) Mosque’s lower courtyard. The concept of the ‘Glimpse-of-Heaven’, using water and vegetation, refers to the design that will relate to the users’ journey to paradise based on Imam Al-Ghazali’s teaching. Architecture and Landscape architecture students played an important role in providing the design for the space that enhances users’ quality of life and helps them to improve their day-to-day activities. Applied Art and Design students contributed to the design by choosing suitable materials to make the design sustainable. Quantity Surveying students assist in the costing of the design to find the most affordable price for the project. In the context of IIUM, to relate the users to a journey to paradise is to create designs that could emanate a spiritual experience. The issue of flooding along the Al-Ghazali road affects the campus society in that the local community no longer has any sense of attachment to the buildings within the road’s vicinity. This project, therefore, aims to restore a sense of place within the community using a design that is manifested by the road’s name – the Al Ghazali Walk.</p> Nur Affah Mohyin, Mohamad Saifulnizam Mohamadd Suhaimi, Zeenat Begam Yusof, Shamzani Affendy Mohd Din, Maheran Mohd Yaman Copyright (c) 2023 Thu, 13 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +0800 ANJUNG RIMBUN: REVITALISATION OF AL-GHAZALI ROAD AND SHAS MOSQUE LOWER COURTYARD <p>Re-vitalization of Al-Ghazali Road and SHAS Mosque Lower Courtyard project is conducted to mitigate the flood and create genus loci for Al-Ghazali Road, located in the IIUM Gombak Campus. The project consists of three parts: the walkway, courtyard and backyard. The design of the architectural elements adopted the traditional Malay architecture of the state of Pahang. The overall concept of the project is known as Anjung Rimbun. The synergy of all architectural and landscape elements brings the essence of Malay traditional architecture.</p> Zeenat Begam Yusof, Shamzani Affendy Mohd Din, Maheran Mohd Yaman, nur affah Mohyin, Mohamad Saifulnizam Mohamad Suhaimi Copyright (c) 2023 Thu, 13 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +0800 JOURNEY OF LIGHT <p>The Journey of Light is the concept adopted for a project under AQS 1301 Multidisciplinary Project, a core course of the Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design (KAED), International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM). This project aims to revitalize the Al Ghazali Road located in IIUM Gombak Campus. The Al Ghazali Road is the famous secondary road in IIUM, with several commercial facilities. The road issue is flooding during heavy rain and lacking social and commercial facilities. This project aims to solve the issues by designing the Al Ghazali road using the concept of the Journey of Light in four phases. The four phases indicate Al Ghazali’s contributions to preaching Knowledge throughout his lifetime. The phases are known as Knowledge of God, Knowledge of Self, Knowledge of the World, and Knowledge of the Future World. These phases are distinguished by the different materials used and vegetation based on the Alhambra case studies.</p> Zeenat Begam Yusof, Shamzani Affendy Mohd Din, Maheran Mohd Yaman, Nur Affah Mohyin, Mohamad Saifulnizam Mohamad Suhaimi Copyright (c) 2023 Thu, 13 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +0800 HARNESSING LANDSCAPE CONSERVATION OF FISHING VILLAGE AT KAMPUNG PENDAMAR, KLANG, SELANGOR <p>This project was conducted at Kampung Pendamar fishing village in Klang, Selangor and the sites cover approximately 4,303 acres. The rise of globalisation has posed a challenge to the preservation/protection of the private cultural landscape in the fishing community of Kampung Pendamar. Therefore, this project aimed at promoting the assets and natural resources of Kampung Pendamar's fishing village as well as creating strong encouragement for rural youth to remain in the village. The process started with identifying issues and provided solutions for the proposed design of the project. The data collection method consisted of primary and secondary data of the subject. The proposed design options may strengthen the significance of the cultural landscape while allowing it to be part of the existing local tourism product.</p> Nurfajrina Hassanah Mazlan, Salina Mohamed Ali, Shaibatul’ Islamiah, Che Man, Faridatul Akma Abdul Latif Copyright (c) 2023 Thu, 13 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +0800 REDEVELOPMENT OF BOAT TERMINAL AT KUALA TAHAN, PAHANG <p>Perahu is used significantly by the rural people living on the riverbanks of Malaysia as the main water transport, such as moving from one location to another, transferring foods and agricultural products, fishing and renting it for tourism purposes. However, the usage of perahu as a method of transportation is slowly diminishing. Nonetheless, water transportation service is still dominant for the villagers of Tembeling River, Pahang. The Tembeling River is necessary for the locals and tourists as the route to the remote villages at Hulu Tembeling and National Park, Kuala Tahan. However, deforestation causes damage to the river, which leads to three issues. They are environmental damage, unsustainable economy and loss of culture. Thus, this research aims to redevelop the existing boat terminal at Kuala Tahan, Pahang and enhance the potential ecotourism along the Tembeling River to help prevent excessive deforestation by showing the importance of preserving the nature of Tembeling River. The research aims to improve the existing facilities of the boat services, educate and create awareness of environmental preservation through ecotourism, and preserve the local culture through an architectural approach. The research applied qualitative methods, which consisted of observation and interviews. The secondary data consists of case studies and literature reviews. The findings from the research formulate a design brief to redevelop the existing boat terminal at Kuala Tahan. The proposed design will represent the place as a Gateway to Nature.</p> Hazwan Zubir, Srazali Aripin, Asiah Abdul Rahim Copyright (c) 2023 Thu, 13 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +0800 NOTES TO CONTRIBUTORS AND GUIDELINES FOR MANUSCRIPT SUBMISSION <p>NOTES TO CONTRIBUTORS AND GUIDELINES FOR MANUSCRIPT SUBMISSION</p> Prof. Dato' Sri Ar. Dr. Asiah Abdul Rahim Copyright (c) 2023 Thu, 13 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +0800