Design Ideals Journal https://journals.iium.edu.my/kaed/index.php/dij <p>The <strong>Design Ideals Journal (DIJ)</strong> of the Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design, IIUM is dedicated to creative output, product and proposal of ideas and designs related to theory, experiments, research, development and applications of the ideas and practices of the built environment professions in Malaysia and elsewhere.</p> IIUM Press en-US Design Ideals Journal 2735-1785 PREFACE https://journals.iium.edu.my/kaed/index.php/dij/article/view/842 <p>PREFACE</p> Prof. Dato' Sri Ar. Dr. Asiah Abdul Rahim Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-30 2023-12-30 5 2 10.31436/dij.v5i2.842 EDITORIAL https://journals.iium.edu.my/kaed/index.php/dij/article/view/845 <p>EDITORIAL</p> Prof. Dato' Sri Ar. Dr. Asiah Abdul Rahim Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-30 2023-12-30 5 2 10.31436/dij.v5i2.845 TABLE OF CONTENT https://journals.iium.edu.my/kaed/index.php/dij/article/view/844 <p>TABLE OF CONTENT</p> Prof. Dato' Sri Ar. Dr. Asiah Abdul Rahim Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-30 2023-12-30 5 2 10.31436/dij.v5i2.844 DEVELOPING AN ECO-CULTURAL EDUCATIONAL CENTRE AT IIUM GOMBAK CAMPUS https://journals.iium.edu.my/kaed/index.php/dij/article/view/846 <p>Environmental and cultural education are vital and have historically aided official and informal education. It will be a great experience for the learners to apply their knowledge in a real-world context. However, it is possible that it will not be integrated into official teaching in higher learning institutions. It can be seen from the way the campus grounds are designed. An initiative that can be done to deliver high-quality education on environmental and cultural awareness is to create spaces for focused education or edu-tourism attractions. Hence, this project intends to create a proposal to develop an eco-cultural educational centre on the IIUM Gombak campus. It will be designed through environmental preservation to create nature-based experiential learning outdoor spaces. The strategies would be to identify environmental education categories and experiential learning principles for incorporating them into landscape design, analyse the site's natural and cultural resources to identify opportunities, and formulate relevant landscape design strategies for eco-cultural education using an experiential learning approach. The study used a combination of descriptive and numerical analysis to identify natural and cultural resources as well as the potential of the area. According to the study, the IIUM campus grounds, with their natural resources and cultural settings, offer significant potential for development as an eco-cultural educational institution. Thus, a landscape master plan for an eco-cultural educational centre on the IIUM Gombak campus, as well as a detailed development plan focusing on the Rumah Kutai area, have been put forth.</p> Nur Aisyah Din Aniza Abu Bakar Jamilah Othman Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-30 2023-12-30 5 2 10.31436/dij.v5i2.846 RESTORING RIVER ECOLOGICAL VALUE AT SUNGAI PUSU GOMBAK SELANGOR https://journals.iium.edu.my/kaed/index.php/dij/article/view/847 <p>Rivers are among the most prevalent ecosystems that are either endangered, substantially degraded, in poor health, damaged, or heavily changed by human activity. Four main problems are occurring at the Pusu River: i) river pollution, ii) sedimentation, iii) flood risk, and iv) habitat loss. The study focuses on restoring river ecological value that was degraded due to human activities and development at the Pusu River in Gombak, Selangor. This study aims to develop a landscape masterplan for the Pusu River as a nature recreational activity park for the IIUM community while sustaining life on land, below water, well-being, and protecting life (al -'nafs). The objectives of this study are to restore the river ecosystem, create a nature preservation area, and provide a nature comprehensive design. This study used three methods to collect the data: i) document analysis, ii) site observation, and iii) survey questionnaire. These methods were chosen to analyse the site's current condition and propose design solutions to overcome the four main problems mentioned. The findings can be segmented into three main attributes: physical, natural, and social. The river hydrology observation indicates a very poor condition of the Pusu River, with sedimentation that causes the river to become shallow with murky water that reduces its aesthetic value. The output of the study encompasses the designing stage of proposing an eco-river park master plan and a detailed development plan that emphasises on restoring water quality, returning wildlife, and creating space for recreational activity.</p> Siti Aisyah Shamsul Amri Aniza Abu Bakar Zainul Mukrim Baharuddin Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-30 2023-12-30 5 2 10.31436/dij.v5i2.847 ESTABLISHMENT OF TAMU WELCOMING HUB: A LOOK-OUT PLATFORM, ENTRANCE ARCHWAY AND BRIDGE RAILINGS AT THE KAED MALAY HERITAGE LIVING LAB https://journals.iium.edu.my/kaed/index.php/dij/article/view/848 <p>This research aims to identify the ideal potential of design for the KAED Malay Heritage Living Lab of International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) as part of the university's project to celebrate the public space in the university. It means to promote community bonding and celebrate knowledge as aspired by the IIUM's motto, "The Garden of Knowledge and Virtue”. The design proposal of the additional structures aims to celebrate the Malay traditional heritage setting together with its current attraction, the 'Rumah Perak', known as Rumah Kutai Beranjung. It was originally built in the 1910s in Perak. It was disassembled, restored, and relocated to the KAED Heritage Living Lab in 2018. Under this initiative, a multidisciplinary KAED student group comprising Architecture and Quantity Surveying students collaborated to design the additional structures including the look-out platform, archway, and bridge railing at the site. KAED Heritage Living Lab serves as a pedagogical space for IIUM Community. Site analysis and case study have been conducted during the study to recognise the elements of Malay traditional architecture and construction, to celebrate the spirit of the place, in line with IIUM’s mission and vision. The Tamu concept has been applied to bring back the sense of welcoming to the public community around the space to benefit from the site setting, including IIUM students and education society. The design creates interactive areas where students and the public can engage with knowledge in various forms, support outdoor learning and community engagement in a natural setting, and create public spaces that celebrate the diverse cultural community of the university.</p> Mohammad Afizul Mohd Sukiman Nur Ulfah Awatif Umairah Alias Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-30 2023-12-30 5 2 10.31436/dij.v5i2.848 NARRATIVE APPRAISAL OF MALAYSIAN NEO-TRADITIONAL BATIK DESIGN PRODUCED BY YOUNG DESIGNERS https://journals.iium.edu.my/kaed/index.php/dij/article/view/849 <p>Batik is one of the traditional craftsmanship that the Malays in Malaysia continue to safeguard for their cultural sustainability. Batik is an art of decorating cloth with colourful patterns, and the Malay normally designs batik with the themes of flora and fauna; organic shapes; and geometrical patterns. This article has the aim to narratively appraise the neo-traditional batik design, produced by a group of young designers. The appraisal is conducted based on the inclination of design motifs and the source of design inspirations. The appraisal is qualitatively conducted using visual analysis and narrative appraisal methods. The group of young batik designers participated in the project is consisted of 61 individuals, who had undertaken a short research project on traditional batik design, and then carried out their venture to produce neo-traditional batik design. The results of batik designs were visually analysed and categorised based on the observed design motifs and the designers’ described sources of inspiration. Nevertheless, only few selected batik designs would be appraised narratively in this article, to provide samples of stimuluses for batik designer-to-be. This narrative appraisal is hoped to motivate young designers to venture into batik design exploration with high level of cultural understanding and expressive attachment.</p> Fadzidah Abdullah Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-30 2023-12-30 5 2 10.31436/dij.v5i2.849 CULTURAL TOURISM: HISTORIC URBAN LANDSCAPES IN CULTURAL TOURISM IN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PERSPECTIVE OF ISTANBUL AND MELAKA https://journals.iium.edu.my/kaed/index.php/dij/article/view/850 <p>This article explores the vital role of historic urban landscapes in cultural tourism and their significant contribution to the economic development of Istanbul and Melaka. Cultural tourism, characterised by exploring historical heritage and cultural experiences, has become a thriving industry. Istanbul and Melaka are prime destinations renowned for their rich cultural heritage and historic urban landscapes. This article also examines these cities' unique features and attractions, delving into the economic impact of cultural tourism on their local economies using qualitative methods. By analysing the job creation, growth of supporting industries, and the positive effects on local businesses and communities, this article highlights the importance of preserving and promoting historic urban landscapes for sustainable cultural tourism. Comparisons between Istanbul and Melaka provide valuable insights into lessons learned and best practices while emphasising the prospects and significance of fostering responsible cultural tourism.</p> Muhammad Danial Hafiz Muhammad Aliff Mohamad Napiah Syakir Amir Ab Rahman Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-30 2023-12-30 5 2 10.31436/dij.v5i2.850 COMPARATIVE STUDY ON URBAN REGENERATION DEVELOPMENT APPROACH IN TURKIYE AND MALAYSIA CITIES https://journals.iium.edu.my/kaed/index.php/dij/article/view/851 <p>Urban planning and development in many nations now heavily emphasise on urban renewal. This comparative study aims to analyse the methods used for urban regeneration in Malaysian cities and Istanbul, Turkiye, with a particular concern on the key strategies, difficulties, and results of the selected projects. The study used a thorough examination of the literature and a qualitative analysis of case studies from both locations. The study compares the experiences of Malaysia and Turkiye to find similarities and variations in the methods used for urban regeneration. It is hoped that the analysis of this paper can benefit many parties such as policymakers, urban planners, and other stakeholders participating in urban development projects. To create more sustainable, inclusive, and livable cities in Turkiye, Malaysia, and other similar contexts around the world, the research's findings will help us to better understand effective strategies, best practices, and potential areas for improvement in urban regeneration for Istanbul and cities in Malaysia.</p> Muhammad Daniel Zakuan Tajuddin M Zainora Asmawi Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-30 2023-12-30 5 2 10.31436/dij.v5i2.851 THE ROLE OF URBAN RENEWAL IN CREATING AUTHENTIC TRAVEL EXPERIENCE OF URBAN TOURISM, A CASE STUDY OF TÜRKIYE AND MALAYSIA https://journals.iium.edu.my/kaed/index.php/dij/article/view/852 <p>This article discussed a findings from a comparative analysis on urban renewal initiatives and their impacts on the urban tourism landscape in the Malaysia and Tu?rkiye. These countries boast a wealth of cultural heritage and historical significance, rendering the place as good case studies for investigating the profound consequences of urban renewal on the tourism industry. In this study, definition of urban renewal in the context of urban tourism, encompassing an intricate understanding of the strategies, challenges, and outcomes from the urban renewal programmes will be thoroughly discussed. Outcomes from this study are intended to provide valuable insights towards improving future urban development and tourism planning in both countries.</p> Nur Amalia Amani Mohd Rozmadi Farah Aqillah Sahrul Anuar Noor Suzilawati Rabe Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-30 2023-12-30 5 2 10.31436/dij.v5i2.852 A COMPARISON OF URBAN RESTORATION OF HERITAGE BUILDINGS: A CASE STUDY IN ARNAVUTKÖY, ISTANBUL AND GEORGE TOWN, PENANG https://journals.iium.edu.my/kaed/index.php/dij/article/view/853 <p>This research presents a comparative analysis of heritage building urban restoration in Arnavutköy, Istanbul, and George Town, Penang. The method of this study is using observation and review analysis. This study also analyses on the restoration, community involvement, and the preservation of architectural heritage to unveils unique strategies employed in each site. The findings contribute valuable insights to the field of heritage conservation and urban development, aiding in the formulation of effective restoration approaches for diverse cultural contexts.</p> Nur Sofia Hanim Sophian Syaza Farzana Nazry Illyani Ibrahim Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-30 2023-12-30 5 2 10.31436/dij.v5i2.853 LOW CARBON APPLICATION IN KUALA LUMPUR AND ISTANBUL https://journals.iium.edu.my/kaed/index.php/dij/article/view/854 <p>Carbon neutrality and peak carbon dioxide emissions have become widespread sustainability targets worldwide, particularly in emerging nations, as urbanisation and industry have accelerated. Both cities have developed policies to combat climate change, such as green construction, sustainable infrastructure, improved public transit, promoting renewable energy sources, and waste management programmes. Despite their dedication, every city faces specific difficulties. Istanbul and Kuala Lumpur are both cities affected by climate change, however, both cities manage fast urbanisation while juggling development and sustainability. This study emphasises the low-carbon initiatives of the cities, their parallels and divergences, and offer insights into urban planning and the formulation of policies that will lead to sustainable cities. It also analyses the suitable options for low carbon application that could be applied in both countries, including the use of non-renewable energy and increasing the use of clean energy to reduce CO2 emissions from buildings.</p> Nurin Izzati Azmi Muhammad AL- Hafiz Ishak Sumeyye Erisgin Norzailawati Mohd. Noor Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-30 2023-12-30 5 2 10.31436/dij.v5i2.854 STAIRWAY TO ACCESSIBILITY: TRANSFORMING STEEP STAIRS FOR THE ELDERLY, DISABLED AND CHILDREN https://journals.iium.edu.my/kaed/index.php/dij/article/view/855 <p>This study presents an integrated application proposal with the concept of "urban acupuncture", which emphasises a contemporary and sustainable design approach, and emphasises social equality and accessibility. The study addresses the difficulties created by steep stairs for vulnerable groups such as the elderly, disabled, and children, and produces solutions by catalysing interventions compatible with the urban fabric. The urban acupuncture initiative in the Cihangir neighbourhood of the Beyoglu district of Istanbul includes socio-economic and artificial environment analyses, global examples, and literature research and aims to provide equal opportunities for all and integrate citizen participation and social interaction, with a particular focus on the challenges caused by steep stairs. The basic methodology of the study includes an urban acupuncture practice that addresses the difficulties caused by steep stairs in the Cihangir neighbourhood. Within the scope of this study, field observations and analyses are included. The proposed project consists of three main elements such as seating elements, landscaping, and billboards promoting art, aiming to create egalitarian, sustainable, educational, and social environments that include all segments of society. On the other hand, these three main elements aim to provide a more livable environment for the residents of the neighbourhood by providing solutions to security problems, lack of green areas, and insufficient public facilities. On the other hand, this study may be important for creating a more accessible and high quality of life in urban areas not only in the study area but also in Cihangir and its surrounding areas. In addition, the study can be applied and extended to different urban areas to guide similar urban development projects and further improvements.</p> Cemre Onan AbdullahKerem Gozubuyuk Eymen Karabulut Ömer Dabanli Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-30 2023-12-30 5 2 10.31436/dij.v5i2.855 RETHINKING DISADVANTAGED GROUPS FOR CREATING INCLUSIVE PUBLIC SPACE IN TAKSIM SQUARE https://journals.iium.edu.my/kaed/index.php/dij/article/view/856 <p>Taksim Square is a significant public space in Istanbul, Turkiye, with socio-cultural and historical importance. The square has been known as a platform for expressing political issues and socio-cultural demands. Also, it serves as a unifying hub that fosters social interaction for locals and tourists from different backgrounds. While tourists contribute to the economic activity in the areas concentrated with accommodations and shopping centres, Taksim Square holds a special place for the local community. It serves as a meeting point and holds indispensable value for various aspects of life, including business activities, museums, transportation connectivity, and the presence of nearby educational institutions. Moreover, as a prominent public space in Turkiye, Taksim Square attracts a diverse audience that includes disadvantaged groups such as ethnic minorities, migrants, people with disabilities, the elderly, and children. However, when considering the needs of disadvantaged groups, certain challenges become apparent. These challenges include a lack of green spaces, playgrounds, and facilities, as well as issues related to the organisation and landscape design of the area. Therefore, this research aims to revitalise Taksim Square through the implementation of urban acupuncture, proposing design solutions that cater to the diverse needs of its users. The research emphasises a comprehensive approach that prioritises the needs of disadvantaged groups and environmental considerations while fostering dynamism, security, and the creation of green spaces.</p> Yasemin Serenli Ekin Demirkaya Rumeysa Ceylan Mehmet Kucukmehmetoglu Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-30 2023-12-30 5 2 10.31436/dij.v5i2.856 URBAN ACUPUNCTURE IN GUMUSSUYU PARK FOR RETHINKING GREEN AREAS WITH RECYCLING https://journals.iium.edu.my/kaed/index.php/dij/article/view/857 <p>Public spacesare spaces used by all individuals living in the city. For this reason, these areas must be capable of meeting the needs of all user profiles in society. Public buildings, parks, squares, streets, avenues and boulevards are the main urban public spaces. Squares, boulevards and streets are among the most important and dynamic elements of public spaces. These elements connect public spaces and structures, providing access to individuals living in the city, interaction and communication between individuals and make complementary and flexible interventions in public spaces, which are an integral part of the city identity that constantly changes depending on cultural and political changes in ensuring the sustainability of these areas. The literature focusing on the possibility of creating livable and lively spaces with intervention tools recommended by Habermas (2004) and Arendt (2006) presents urban acupuncture as a solution method proposed by Rubió (2008), Hoogduyn (2014), Casanova (2014), Casagrande (2015), Jooshani &amp; Polat (2019) and Nassar (2021). This study aims to develop Gu?mu??suyu Park in Istanbul, Turkey, as a living part of the city again. In this study, the urban acupuncture approach was used to improve the unused area in Gu?mu??suyu Park. The data for the study were collected through observations made during field trips and presented as visuals and documents. Problem definition and visualisation methods were used in the presentation format. The ideas put forward for Gu?mu??suyu Park will become a part of the park's life and a breathing space for people living there or those passing by.</p> Sumeyye Erisgin Muhammed Furkan Yavuzer Numan Kilinc Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-30 2023-12-30 5 2 10.31436/dij.v5i2.857 URBAN ACUPUNCTURE IN TAKSIM GEZI PARK: IMPROVING SOCIAL LIFE FOR COMMUNITIES https://journals.iium.edu.my/kaed/index.php/dij/article/view/858 <p>Urban acupuncture provides an adaptive framework for the design and regeneration of neglected public spaces (urban voids, lost places) to strengthen the social infrastructure of a city. Urban acupuncture believes urban design and regeneration should occur through a bottom-up, democratic, pluralistic, inclusive, innovative and interdisciplinary approach. Small-scale, low-cost, fast implementable, innovative and problem-solving idea projects are developed using this new planning approach to produce fast and punctual solutions to urgent needs against the slow traditional planning processes and create exceptional places by making small touches in the urban landscape. This study aims to improve the social life of communities in Taksim Gezi Park in Istanbul, Tu?rkiye, developed through an urban acupuncture idea project. This paper introduces urban acupuncture and the explanation of the study area. Data were collected by case study and observation methods and analysed using document analysis, visual material analysis and SWOT analysis methods. The paper introduces the urban acupuncture approach and then the information of the case study -Taksim Gezi Park. A SWOT analysis of Gezi Park based on fieldwork and observation is presented. From spatial analyses, the site-specific urban acupuncture idea projects were developed to improve Taksim Gezi Park to be more comfortable and beneficial for social communities, including plants and animals.</p> Sena Ipek Ilter Gizem Ceyda Yilmaz Fatih Eren Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-30 2023-12-30 5 2 10.31436/dij.v5i2.858 NOTES TO CONTRIBUTORS AND GUIDELINES FOR MANUSCRIPT SUBMISSION https://journals.iium.edu.my/kaed/index.php/dij/article/view/859 <p>NOTES TO CONTRIBUTORS AND GUIDELINES FOR MANUSCRIPT SUBMISSION</p> Prof. Dato' Sri Ar. Dr. Asiah Abdul Rahim Copyright (c) 2023 2023-12-30 2023-12-30 5 2 10.31436/dij.v5i2.859