Journal of Islam in Asia (E-ISSN 2289-8077) <p>The Journal of Islam in Asia is published by the International Islamic University Malaysia. A peer-reviewed international Arabic-English online journal, published biannually in June and December. The Journal includes articles, selected studies, book reviews, reports of conferences etc., which are relevant to Islamic thought and Muslim concerns. The Journal sees itself as an instrument, and an extension, to promote the IIUM's mission of (IIICE); Integration, Islamicization, Internationalization and Comprehensive Excellence. The Editorial Board invites scholars and researchers to submit contributions to the Secretariat of the Journal.</p> <p><strong>EISSN: 2289-8077</strong></p> <p>This journal is listed and indexed in the following indexing sites:</p> <p><strong>1. <a title="MCC" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Malaysian Citation Centre</a></strong></p> <p><strong>2. <a title="Google Scholar" href=";q=ISSN+1823-0970&amp;btnG=&amp;as_sdt=1%2C5&amp;as_sdtp=" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Google Scholar</a></strong></p> <p><strong>3. <a title="JournalSeek" href=";query=1823-0970" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Genamics JournalSeek </a></strong></p> en-US (Abdul Salam @ Zulkifli B.Muhamad Shukri) (Kamel Ouinez) Sat, 17 Dec 2022 04:16:49 +0800 OJS 60 Tawhid in Practice <p>This study reports on an experiment in which a group of 42 management students was asked to reflect on <em>surah al</em>-<em>Anfal</em> while another group of 115 students was asked to reflect on <em>surah at-Taubah</em>. To provide a framework, the author gave each group a table in which the <em>surahs</em> were related to the concepts of belief in Allah (<em>tawhid).</em> The qualitative feedback from students shows without doubt that the concepts of <em>tawhid</em> in theory and <em>tawhid</em> in practice helps the students develop a broader picture of these <em>surahs</em>. In particular, they found that the concept of<em> tawhid</em> in practice was something quite new for them. The study presents some of this feedback and discusses the implications.</p> Rodrigue Fontaine Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Islam in Asia (E-ISSN 2289-8077) Sat, 17 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 The Concept of Papal Infallibility in Christianity and ‘Iṣmah (Sinlessness) in Islam: <p>The issue of papal primacy remains debated among Christian churches. The definition of papal infallibility made in the First Vatican Council through Pastor Aeternus has been an obstacle to the unification of churches. The doctrine of <em>‘iṣmah </em>of prophets has been crucial concerning the concept of prophethood. Both papal infallibility and <em>‘iṣmah </em>of prophets denote that Pope and prophets were being preserved from sins and errors. This study, therefore, examines concepts of papal infallibility and <em>‘iṣmah </em>of prophets in understanding, theory and practice. Similarities and differences in these concepts are examined based on how the adherents of religions perceive them. Debates from selected denominations and theological schools in both religions: Catholicism, Protestantism and Eastern Orthodox for Christianity and Shiites, Mu’tazilites and Ash’arites for Islam are focused. Since the study is theoretical, it relies on materials from classical to contemporary sources. Although both concepts seem similar, the findings convey that many differences are found, with few similarities between the two concepts.</p> Thameem Ushama Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Islam in Asia (E-ISSN 2289-8077) Sat, 17 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Rethinking Consociationalism and Coalition Politics in Malaysia <p>National unity and integration are among the most critical problems that we have faced and continue to face in Malaysia. The central concern is not the differences that exist in societies per se but the nature of the relationships among people characterised by distinct ethnicities, religions and socioeconomic classes and multiple identities, living within the nation. These relationships range from harmonious and functional to acrimonious and dysfunctional. In general, legal approaches are commonly used in order to regulate the behaviour of groups towards each other. Many countries have constitutional provisions or enact national laws and regulations that provide for equality and non-discrimination or to protect the rights of certain groups. Various other measures are also taken. While necessary, legal approaches are limited in what they can achieve. They define some of the boundaries that may not be crossed but do not remove negative worldviews, attitudes and beliefs that motivate hatred animosity and unfriendly actions among groups. Could it be said that national unity and integration means the creation of a mental state and elimination in which everyone will place "national interest well above communal, religious, linguistic or local interests". This is only possible when each group feels that they will get a square deal and have no fear of domination by others. Such a mental climate could be seen to prevail when intolerance, fear and inferiority complex are minimised or eliminated. Creating such a mental climate also largely depends on the relationships among and behaviour of the political leaders in the society. Therefore, it is important to start examine and analyse (1) The current state of play – what are we doing right and wrong?; (2) What do we want to see in an integrated and united Malaysia?; and (3) How do we craft a Malaysian ethos of unity and cohesiveness?</p> Abdulwahed Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Islam in Asia (E-ISSN 2289-8077) Sat, 17 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Role of Worldview in Family Empowerment Plans: <p>This article investigates the urgency of developing an integrated Islamic framework for the orientation of family empowerment policies and plans in the context of Islamic societies. Literature has shown that the Islamic worldview ought to play a crucial role in designing family empowerment plans reflecting the Islamic context, value system, and objectives of the family. The article uses an analytical descriptive method to address the issue at hand. Among others, the article concludes that empowerment plans should revolve around the philosophy that the Islamic Family is entrusted by Allah to nurture responsible vicegerents who shall play vital roles in building balanced and prosperous societies. Hence, Muslim societies have been urged to enhance the roles of family and build balanced and productive families ensuring well-being and quality of life standards in line with Islamic <em>Maqasid</em> and values. There is a need to activate the Islamic worldview in shaping the family within the environment of Mawdah and Rahmah. This is to nurture the generation of vicegerent responsible offspring and contribute to sustainable societal development.</p> Abdelaziz Berghout Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Islam in Asia (E-ISSN 2289-8077) Sat, 17 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 The Villainous East versus the Heroic West: <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p>The East is often portrayed as dangerous or mysterious in numerous Western literary works that attempt to depict it. As Edward Said has argued, this is due to the Western tendencies to view the East as fundamentally other and inferior. Rather than resisting such preconceived notions, Khaled Hosseini in his novel <em>The Kite Runner </em>(2003) reflected a pro-Western stance through his stereotypical representation of Afghanistan which fits into the expectations of the West, especially after the September 11 attacks. Due to his pro-Western stance, the novel and Hosseini himself gained significant recognition and popularity in the United States. Hence this study aims to examine the Orientalist discourse present in the novel by utilising the theory of Postcolonialism, with a special emphasis on Edward Said’s concept of Orientalism. The analysis focuses on the contrasting portrayal of Afghanistan as the Orient and America as the Occident. The study found that the novel reinforces the idea that the Orient is violent, sexual and backward, while the Occident is depicted as the civilized saviour. Such depictions give a positive view of colonialism and imperialism.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong><em>The Kite Runner, Orientalism, Edward Said, Orient, Occident, Postcolonialism, Afghanistan, America</em></p> Homam Altabaa, Nik Nayly Nik Nubli Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Islam in Asia (E-ISSN 2289-8077) Sat, 17 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 مجلس الإدارة وتعزيز حوكمة شركات المساهمة العامة وفقًا لقانون الشركات التجارية العماني رقم 18/2019 <p>This research aims to strengthen and develop the rules of corporate governance for corporate companies in the Sultanate of Oman, which are stated in the Omani Commercial Companies Law No. 18/2019, corporate companies Regulations No. 27 of 2021, and the corporate Companies Governance Charter No. (E/4/2015). In addition, this research paper included the detection and avoidance of shortcomings related to the rules of governance on the directors’ board of corporate companies in the Sultanate of Oman in terms of the composition of the board and its conditions, duties, and responsibilities, in addition to the concept of governance. The researcher concluded that with the continuous developments in the rules of corporate companies’ governance in the Omani Commercial Companies Law, which is not sufficient and the need for further continuation in strengthen and develop the corporate governance of corporate companies.</p> أفلح الشعيبي Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Islam in Asia (E-ISSN 2289-8077) Sat, 17 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 مفهوم الملكات وأهميتها في العمران البشري من خلال رؤية ابن خلدون <p>This paper addresses the question of the importance of competencies (<em>malakat</em>) in human association in light of the vision of Abd al-Rahman ibn Khaldun in his famous <em>introduction</em>. Since the subject of human association is the great achievement and outstanding contribution that Ibn Khaldun made to Islamic thought, it received great attention from scholars, thinkers, and researchers. They studied it from its various dimensions and multiple applications. This paper comes to shed light on this important aspect of the place of <em>malakat</em> and their function in human association and civilisation construction. Hence, the paper aims to show how Ibn Khaldun framed this concept and integrated it within his overall unified human association approach. The paper concluded that the concept of malakat, was one of the most important and mature concepts developed by Ibn Khaldun and linked to the various aspects of human association, such as education, learning and teaching, management and governance, industry, politics, economics, civilisation, religion and others. Ibn Khaldun was able to explain its necessity and the need for it and its functions in human association. The paper recommends the importance of continuing specialised studies on the place and function of malakat in human development, particularly in the fields of economy, education and learning, governance and legitimate politics.</p> Ahmed Salim Said Baraami Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Islam in Asia (E-ISSN 2289-8077) Sat, 17 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 :أساليب تنمية الكفاءات في الحضارة الإسلاميَّة وتطبيقاتها المعاصرة <p>Abstract <br />The study aimed to identify administrative competence during the reign of Omar bin Abdul Aziz, may Allah be pleased with him. This research shows the concept of administrative competence and management in Islam, as well as the concept of Islamic administrative thought, competence, and methods used by the Emir of the Faithful Omar bin Abdul Aziz in the development of administrative competencies in the Islamic State. The study also touched on Omar's policy of state administration, the assumption of governors, the appointment of judges, and the methods used by him in reforming financial management. The importance of this research is represented by its focus on the importance of knowing the methods by which countries advance, achieve interests, and close the doors of corruption guided by what was founded on Islamic civilization, especially the caliphate of Omar bin Abdul Aziz. As well as the importance of exposing the shortcomings of the mechanisms used to develop competencies in our contemporary reality. The researcher followed the descriptive approach, which is based on the method of induction and analysis and on the comparative method, and the study presents and analyzes the methods of developing managerial competencies in the modern era. Through its findings, the study recommended a set of recommendations, and a set of scientific dissertations were proposed through the content of the study.</p> bakhit hamra Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Islam in Asia (E-ISSN 2289-8077) Sat, 17 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 "الأوقاف ودورها في الحضارة الإسلاميَّة "وقف عثمان بن عفان نموذجًا <p>The study identified the role of the Waqf in Islamic civilization and explained the role of the Waqf of Uthman ibn Affan in human services in Islamic civilization and repelled the obstacles that limit the Waqf to play its role in the modern era and revealed the mechanisms of investment and development of the Waqf in the modern era, the analytical approach was used inductively and descriptively. The study reached many conclusions, the most important of which are: The Islamic Waqf system is one of the systems that have influenced various aspects of economic, social, cultural and religious life in Muslim societies, throughout the long Islamic history, in terms of the aspect of religious and religious life. The Waqf has contributed significantly to the religious aspect, and continues to play this role, as the Waqf has contributed significantly to the implementation of the educational process, and has also contributed to the dissemination of science of various kinds, among various members of society, especially the poor ones, and has also contributed to the provision of books, and through the endowment of integrated libraries to facilitate the task of teachers and students, the Waqf has also contributed to the establishment of infrastructure projects such as roads, schools, mosques, wells, roads, defense fortifications and cemeteries, and has also contributed to increasing production of various kinds.</p> musllam braami Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Islam in Asia (E-ISSN 2289-8077) Sat, 17 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 :دَوْرُ التَّخطيطِ في شؤونِ الدَّولةِ في الحضارةِ الإسلاميَّةِ <p>The present study aims to identify the role of strategic planning in the affairs of the Islamic State in Islamic civilization, through the study and analysis of the research problem of that strategic planning in the affairs of the Islamic State has a great impact on the achievement of Islamic civilization and has chosen the period of Omar ibn al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him) to benefit from his strategies in the conquest of Iraq and Egypt, his imposition of the abscess on the blackness of Iraq, the division of states, the organization of the state strategically and politically, the exploration of his approach - may Allah be pleased with him - and the analysis of his strategy in the senior companions forbade marriage with the Scriptures, the statement of the parameters of administrative development that included the development of the judiciary, the dawaween, justice and the Shura, its role in the administration of the provinces, the statement of the conditions it followed in appointing governors and workers, and the statement of the utilization of the model of Islamic civilization in the time of Omar ibn al-Khattab in contemporary reality.</p> yousuf al awaid Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Islam in Asia (E-ISSN 2289-8077) Sat, 17 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 صورة الآخر في رواية "بينما ينام العالم" لسوزان أبو الهوى <p>The image of the other is one of the major focuses when it comes to the discussion of Palestinian literature. Since novels are essential literature that helps to portray the Palestinian reality and convey the concerns of the Palestinian reality to the readers, the Palestinian novel has dealt with the image of the other, its various characters, and their multiple dimensions at the beginning of their appearance as part of the Palestinian literature. The image of the other has recently emerged as a topic of importance that writers and critics tend to get acquainted with closely in the field of Palestinian literature either in the form of prose or poetry for its presence coincides with the presence of the Palestinian self. Accordingly, the study seeks to research the image of the other based on the descriptive analysis method in order to identify its dimensions, the important characters, and the real motives towards the Palestinian self and land, through the novel "Mornings in Jenin" by Susan Abulhawa. This novel has recently emerged as prominent work of modern Palestinian literature, in which the image of the other, Jewish and Zionist, forms an essential axis as a counterpart against the Palestinian self.</p> Bushra Bashir Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Islam in Asia (E-ISSN 2289-8077) Sat, 17 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800