Islamization and the Representation of Islam in Yoruabland of Southwestern Nigeria: An Exploratory Study with Special Reference to Jalabi Phenomenon <br>Pengislaman Dan Perwakilan Islam Di Yoruabland Di Bar-atdaya Nigeria: Satu Kajian Eksploratori Dengan

  • Afiz Oladimeji Musa
  • Hassan Ahmad Ibrahim

Abstract

Abstract

Jalabi is an extant historical phenomenon with strong socio-religious impacts in Yorubaland, south-western part of Nigeria. It was a strategy devised by the Yoruba ‘UlamÉ’ as one of the many effective ways to represent Islam among the indigenous people for the purpose of spreading and consolidating Islam. This strategy is reflected in certain spiritual services rendered to the people, which include, but not limited to, spiritual consultation and healing,  such as petitionary Du‘É (prayer), divination through sand-cutting, rosary selection, charm-making, etc. This paper represents an effort to study and investigate both positive and adverse effects of this long-standing phenomenon on the socio-religious life of the Yoruba people of Nigeria.

Keywords: Jalabi, healing, Islam, Da‘wah, syncretism.

Abstrak

Jalabi adalah satu fenomena sejarah yang masih memberi kesan sosio-agama yang kuat di Yorubaland, baratdaya Nigeria. Ia adalah satu strategi yang direka oleh 'UlamÉ' Yoruba sebagai salah satu cara yang berkesan untuk mewakili Islam di kalangan Orang Asli bagi tujuan menyebar dan menyatukan Islam. Strategi ini dapat dilihat dalam pelbagai perkhidmatan rohani yang diberikan kepada rakyat, termasuk tetapi tidak terhad kepada, nasihat kerohanian dan penyembuhan, seperti permohonan Du'É (doa), ramalan melalui pasir, pemilihan tasbih, membuat tangkal, dan lain-lain . Kajian ini adalah satu usaha untuk mengkaji dan menyiasat kesan-kesan positif dan negatif yang berhasil dari fenomena berlarutan ini terhadap kehidupan sosio-agama rakyat Yoruba di Nigeria.

Kata Kunci: Jalabi, penyembuhan, Islam, Da‘wah, sinkretisme.

Author Biographies

Afiz Oladimeji Musa
Obtained His PhD in History and Civilization at IIUM.
Hassan Ahmad Ibrahim
Professor of history in the Department of History and Civilization, IIUM
Published
2015-11-28
How to Cite
Musa, A. O., & Ibrahim, H. A. (2015). Islamization and the Representation of Islam in Yoruabland of Southwestern Nigeria: An Exploratory Study with Special Reference to Jalabi Phenomenon <br>Pengislaman Dan Perwakilan Islam Di Yoruabland Di Bar-atdaya Nigeria: Satu Kajian Eksploratori Dengan. Journal of Islam in Asia <span style="font-Size: 0.6em">(E-ISSN: 2289-8077)</Span&gt;, 12(2), 210- 231. https://doi.org/10.31436/jia.v12i2.493
Section
English Articles