A New Classification and An Extension of Waste from Business Practices and Islamic Perspective
Taking the idea of waste as an in-use phenomenon, we developed a
matrix to explain four categories of waste which result from users’ failure to
use a resource properly. These categories were illustrated by examples built on
practical food waste measurements, surveys, theses formatting requirements
and newspaper reports. We have categorized different facets of waste from a
business perspective; thus, contributed to have improved waste management
practices. We also showed that parsimony was also a wasteful behaviour.
Parsimony was shown to be a waste by its effects on others’ need of fulfilment
and other-worldly consequences for the miser.