Intellectual Discourse https://journals.iium.edu.my/intdiscourse/index.php/id <p><strong>About the Journal</strong>: Intellectual Discourse is a multi-disciplinary, peer-reviewed, flagship journal of the International Islamic University Malaysia. First published in 1993, it is dedicated to the scholarly study of all aspects of Islam and the Muslim world. Particular attention is paid to works dealing with history, geography, political science, economics, education, psychology, sociology, law, literature, religion, philosophy, international relations, environmental and developmental issues. The journal is international in its range and coverage. It is intended to be a forum for scholarly dialogue and communication on issues related to Islam and the Muslim world.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> en-US danialmy@iium.edu.my (Danial Mohd Yusof) danialmy@iium.edu.my (Danial Mohd Yusof) Thu, 29 Dec 2022 23:33:17 +0800 OJS 3.3.0.6 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Contents 30:2 https://journals.iium.edu.my/intdiscourse/index.php/id/article/view/1927 Copyright (c) 2022 Intellectual Discourse https://journals.iium.edu.my/intdiscourse/index.php/id/article/view/1927 Thu, 29 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Note from The Editor https://journals.iium.edu.my/intdiscourse/index.php/id/article/view/1926 Tunku Mohar Mokhtar Copyright (c) 2022 Intellectual Discourse https://journals.iium.edu.my/intdiscourse/index.php/id/article/view/1926 Thu, 29 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Orientalism and the Globalised Muslim world https://journals.iium.edu.my/intdiscourse/index.php/id/article/view/1894 <p>This paper explores the origins of Orientalism and how it came into existence in the discourse of post-colonial studies. This paper elaborates on the three meanings of Orientalism based on Palestinian American scholar Edward Said to illustrate that Orientalism is not solely a field of study about the Eastern world, rather critiques on the biasness of views towards the globalised Muslim world. &nbsp;This paper will then explore some of the major events where Orientalism has shaped the realm of Muslim affairs as well as on the international history and politics such as the Algerian War of Independence, the polemics of Iran’s Nuclear Crisis, the global War on ‘Islamist’ terrorism and the British government’s response to the 7/7 London bombings in that order. These case studies are chronologically ordered to demonstrate the pervasiveness of Orientalism across time. Ultimately, this paper argues that Said’ critiques on Orientalism produces an important foundation for post-war era studies namely; 1) to identify the stereotypes used in media, writing and literature; 2) to unravel the fictional narratives among Eurocentric scholars and; 3) to debunk myths when researching ‘globalised Muslim world’ as Orientalism it is still very much apparent in the foreign policy realm, especially policies towards Muslims. Hence, this paper concludes that decolonisation of history is important in critical studies to achieve democratic knowledge production.&nbsp;</p> Mohd Irwan Syazli Saidin, Nadhirah Zainal Rashid Copyright (c) 2022 Intellectual Discourse https://journals.iium.edu.my/intdiscourse/index.php/id/article/view/1894 Thu, 29 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Report on the first International Conference on Islamic Spiritual Care: Conceptualising Spiritual Care Between Traditional Guidance and Modern Practices https://journals.iium.edu.my/intdiscourse/index.php/id/article/view/1875 <p>International Conference on Islamic Spiritual Care (INSPIRE) 2021 was organised by the Department of Qurʾan and Sunnah Studies at the International Islamic University Malaysia in collaboration with the Islamic University of Applied Sciences, Rotterdam.</p> Khairil Husaini Jamil Copyright (c) 2022 Intellectual Discourse https://journals.iium.edu.my/intdiscourse/index.php/id/article/view/1875 Thu, 29 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Mediation as an Alternative Mechanism to Resolve Family Disputes in Malaysia: A Comparative Analysis with Australia and New Zealand https://journals.iium.edu.my/intdiscourse/index.php/id/article/view/1818 <p>Settlement of dispute outside court is quite popular nowadays as it gives more advantages compared to litigation. Many mechanisms can be applied under the umbrella of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) including mediation. Mediation is a suitable dispute settlement mechanism for family issues, where it seeks to preserve the close relationship. Family issues are something sensitive, as they involve children, maintenance, and matrimonial properties. The reason for recommending family mediation is to avoid the glare of publicity and keep the family disputes low-key and private. Discussion between the parties is confidential as to the terms of the settlements. This article discusses and explains the principles and process of mediation and how it is best applied in settlement of family disputes. It also highlights the need for a family court in Malaysia. Applying qualitative research methodology, this article managed to gather and analyse the meaning, concept, historical background, structure and application of mediation. This article comparatively analyses the practice of family mediation in Australia and New Zealand. Family mediation as practised in these two countries can be the reference for Malaysian government to learn from their experiences to establish a good and practical family mediation model in Malaysia.</p> Nur Ezan Rahmat, Muhamad Ikhwan Mohd Zain, Hartini Saripan, Daleleer Kaur Randawar, Muhammad Fikri Othman Copyright (c) 2022 Intellectual Discourse https://journals.iium.edu.my/intdiscourse/index.php/id/article/view/1818 Thu, 29 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Understanding Factors Influencing Crime Prevention Information on Social Media https://journals.iium.edu.my/intdiscourse/index.php/id/article/view/1849 <p>Social media has transformed policing practices and help to facilitate crime prevention efforts. Despite numerous studies on social media and policing in recent years, not many that focused specifically on source factors of message design and their perceived impact on crime prevention information. This present study aimed to address the gap, by investigating public perceptions toward crime prevention information posted by the Royal Malaysia Police (RMP) on social media. Here, crime prevention information on social media refers to any form of communication related to crime. The study was conducted to provide preliminary insights to our research in crime prevention on social media. A survey was carried out involving 400 active Malaysian users of social media in the age range of 18-34. The findings revealed that, the public’s interest in crime prevention information on social media was primarily motivated by information seeking and sharing. Videos, written texts and infographics were found to be the most preferred social media content. The public in general, perceived police’s crime prevention information on social media positively. Out of the three different factors tested, credibility was found to be the significant predictor that can influence public’s perceived impact of crime prevention information on social media. It was also found that, public perception can influence behavior intention to access and share crime prevention information on social media. This study provided a basis for effective utilization of social media for crime prevention.&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Nurzali Ismail, Shuhaida Md Noor, Jamilah Ahmad, Mohamad Hafifi Jamri Copyright (c) 2022 Intellectual Discourse https://journals.iium.edu.my/intdiscourse/index.php/id/article/view/1849 Thu, 29 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Examining the Effects of News Frames as a Risk Factor of Radicalisation https://journals.iium.edu.my/intdiscourse/index.php/id/article/view/1881 <p style="font-weight: 400;">The present study conducted an online experiment to examine whether news frames could cause radicalisation. In the study, 248 participants (age: M = 22.89, SD = 6.77) read and summarised news articles which contained either positive news frames (depict Islamist extremist groups as avengers of the Muslim communities), negative news frames (depict the groups as barbaric), or neutral news frames (news unrelated to Islamist extremism). The analysis revealed an effect of the positive news frames on the acceptance of Islamist extremism, specifically on the attitudes toward Muslim violence by others. The results indicate that news-framing content that narrates the goodness of Islamist extremist group could be a factor in the radicalisation process through media. It is recommended news content regulation is improved especially during times of crisis which could increase the public’s vulnerability to extremism.</p> Nurul Miza Mohd Rashid, Aqsa Isa Copyright (c) 2022 Intellectual Discourse https://journals.iium.edu.my/intdiscourse/index.php/id/article/view/1881 Thu, 29 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 The PRC’S Military Strategies on the Security Architecture of East and South China Sea under President Xi Jinping https://journals.iium.edu.my/intdiscourse/index.php/id/article/view/1895 <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Abstract:</strong></p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">This article analyses the four main military strategies of the People's Republic of China toward the South and East China Seas Security architecture under President Xi Jinping. These strategies of Beijing have been applied mainly to the region, which has been under the US alliance system's security umbrella since the Cold War. The article demonstrates that the People's Republic of China, under the leadership of Xi Jinping, seeks to reorder the regional security architecture to its favour by leveraging military modernization, influence operations, and diplomatic-economic power to push out the US and allies’ countries' influence outside East and South China Seas. This article argues that the successful conclusion of the rising power's strategies over the East and South China seas will translate the current geopolitical rivalry to result in a power transition to the detriment of the rising power.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong><span style="font-weight: 400;"> China, Xi Jinping, East China Sea, South China Sea, Power Transition</span></p> Karadag Lokman Copyright (c) 2022 Intellectual Discourse https://journals.iium.edu.my/intdiscourse/index.php/id/article/view/1895 Thu, 29 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Mental Well-Being and Religious Values Among Muslim-Sunni Groups Across Four Cities. https://journals.iium.edu.my/intdiscourse/index.php/id/article/view/1904 <p>Mental well-being as a subject is much integrated with other fields of knowledge. Thus, in this study, chosen variables common to other constructs in different fields of knowledge such as self-development, personal goal,&nbsp;resilience,&nbsp;piety, hope&nbsp;and social interest&nbsp;were used as significant constructs to correlate positively with mental well-being. The Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale (W-EMWS) was mainly used to gauge mental well-being among respondents in this study. The focus of the study was to investigate the mental well-being among the diverse Muslim-Sunni groups in selected cities in different countries with differences in nationalities, cultures, and values; yet similar in terms of religion and sect, that is, Islam and Sunni. The study was to determine whether religiosity values (Islam and Sunni) among the different Muslim groups contributed to their mental well-being. A sample size of &nbsp;989 respondents was selected from Istanbul,&nbsp;Republic of Türkiye; Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; Lagos, Nigeria; and London, United Kingdom. The results from this study indicated that several factors such as self-acceptance, social interest, and self-development significantly correlated to mental well-being among Muslim-Sunni respondents. As predicted, the study shows varying degrees of correlation among the Muslim-Sunni groups selected in different cities. However, religious values, such as piety and hope were moderately correlated with mental well-being among the Muslim-Sunni groups. The findings show promising results and future studies should expand into investigating the exploratory modelling of mental well-being and differences in the potential means of religious values across other Muslim countries from different backgrounds.</p> Nik A. Hisham, Mustafa Tekke, Ismail Abdul Fatah Funmi, Shazmin Rafeeq Copyright (c) 2022 Intellectual Discourse https://journals.iium.edu.my/intdiscourse/index.php/id/article/view/1904 Thu, 29 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Unravelling the Roles of Social Media Usage, Individual Well-Being, and Working Environment on Happiness at The Workplace https://journals.iium.edu.my/intdiscourse/index.php/id/article/view/1917 <p>Employee happiness at the workplace has become an increasingly popular topic among researchers and scholars in the past two decades due to the rising support over its role as one of the determinants of organisational outcomes. Despite the availability of vast literature on employee happiness, limited studies have been done on its relationship with social media usage. The past two decades have witnessed unprecedented social media infiltration into every aspect of socio-cultural, economic, and human existence. However, little is known regarding whether employees’ social media usage influences their happiness at work. This study delineated the potential effects of social media exposure on individual wellbeing and investigated whether it has a favourable effect on their happiness at work. Specifically, the study delved into the social media usage among employees of manufacturing companies and its impact on their wellbeing, working environment, and happiness. A survey was conducted on 475 employees of manufacturing companies in Malaysia. The results revealed that social media usage had significant relationships with job position and income. In addition, individual wellbeing and working environment were found to have significant relationships with happiness at work. The study’s findings enrich the literature on happiness and social media usage in organisations. The implications of these findings are discussed within the framework of social media usage and workplace happiness.</p> Aini Maznina A.Manaf, Tengku Siti Aisha Tengku Azzman, Syed Arabi Idid Copyright (c) 2022 Intellectual Discourse https://journals.iium.edu.my/intdiscourse/index.php/id/article/view/1917 Thu, 29 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0800