INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ALLIED HEALTH SCIENCES <p>International Journal of Allied Health Sciences, is a peer-reviewed, English-language scholarly online journal, published biannually by the Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences, International Islamic University Malaysia.</p> Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences, International Islamic University Malaysia en-US INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ALLIED HEALTH SCIENCES 2600-8491 A REVIEW OF SEX EDUCATION IMPACT IN HEALTH PROMOTION AND TEENAGE BEHAVIOR <p>Sexuality education offers a number of good outcomes, including enhancing young people's understanding and attitudes about sexual and reproductive health and behaviours. However, there are a lot of barriers to implement the program due to lack of understanding within the community and misperception of its objectives. Therefore, a systematic review was conducted to summarise the effects of sex education in health promotion and teenage behavior. Review identification was performed in a database search using PubMed, Scopus, and CINAHL. Based on the criteria consisting of full papers in English published from January 2011 to November 2021, 36 articles were eligible for review. The systematic review revealed that sexuality education benefits the teenagers and the institution with regards to the prevention of unintended sexual intercourse, sexual harrasment and other high risk behavior. Awareness and active roles, mainly among families, teachers, community leaders, religious authorities, and community leaders, should be enhanced further in order to help establish a beneficial and effective national sexuality education program.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> MOHD SHAIFUL EHSAN BIN SHALIHIN MOHD ZHAFRI MOHD RAZIB FATIN HANANI MAHADI NAJLA HARUN NURUL FARIHAH NA’IMI SUHAIMI Copyright (c) 2023 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ALLIED HEALTH SCIENCES 2023-01-09 2023-01-09 7 1 2845 2854 A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE EFEECTIVENESS OF SOFT TISSUE WORK AND TRANSCUTANEOUS ELECTRICAL NERVE STIMULATION: IN PATIENTS WITH NON-SPECIFIC LOWER BACK PAIN <p>In Pakistan one of the prime etiology in an individual’s to reduced functional activities is low back pain (LBP). Preponderance cases of LBP are non-specific. In physiotherapy clinical practice multiple treatments for non specific low back pain (NSLBP) are accessible i.e: Soft tissue work(STW), Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation(TENS), exercises and heat therapy are used. Nonetheless, to detect the facts to calculate their relative efficacy is still required. This study focused to compare the effectiveness of STW versus TENS: in patients with NSLBP. A RCT with two-groups pretest-posttest design was conducted at Physiotherapy OPD, JPMC, Karachi. A total of 40 NSLBP patients with 15 to 45 years age group were inducted through non-probability purposive sampling technique. Baseline screening was done using (Annex-I ). Through systematic random sampling allocation of subjects were taken place into two groups. A-group received STW with standardized exercise protocol(SEP) while B group received TENS with SEP. Calculated data were entered into SPSS V-16.0. For categorical variables percentages and frequencies were computed. Results are expressed in mean and standard deviation and are displaced graphically as well in tables. Each group was compared with final measure after four weeks of data collection as pre and post by using paired t-test and independent t-test. Pain, tenderness and functional disability were assessed using NPRS, TI(tenderness index) and ODI respectively (Annex II-III ). Pre &amp; post treatment scores were documented in (Annex-IV). A maximum rate of drop-out 20% was presumed. <strong><em>&nbsp;</em></strong>In this study evidenced showed significant decline at the end of treatment sessions in Pain scale, TI and ODI scores in both groups (A &amp; B), Although more obvious reduction was observed in ODI of group-A in comparison to the group-B. It spotlight that STW along with SEP should be used in the patients with NSLBP.</p> ANNOSHA SYED UROOSA SYED MOHSIN ALI Copyright (c) 2023 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ALLIED HEALTH SCIENCES 2023-01-09 2023-01-09 7 1 2802 2810 UTILIZATION OF GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS) IN MAPPING THE DISTRIBUTION OF MALNUTRITION AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN KUANTAN, PAHANG, MALAYSIA <p><strong><em>Objectives:</em></strong> This study aims to determine the nutritional status among primary schoolchildren in Kuantan Pahang and to map its distribution using Geographic Information System (GIS).</p> <p><strong><em>Materials and Methods:</em></strong> This community based cross sectional study was conducted in Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia. Stratified random sampling method was used to select 760 primary school children age 7 to 11 years old from six subdivisions of Kuantan district. Socio-demographics characteristics and anthropometric measurements were obtained from the participants. Participants’ home coordinates were obtained from the Google map based on their home address and Geographical Information System (GIS) software was used to map and visualize the distribution of schoolchildren nutritional status.</p> <p><strong><em>Results and Findings</em>: </strong>Based on the three anthropometric measurements, findings show 15.9% (n=121) cases of obesity and 12.0% (n=91) overweight, 6.1% (n=46) moderately thinness, 1.7% (n=13) severely thinness. There were 9.5 % (n=72) of moderately stunted and 0.5% (n=4) severely stunted respectively. The result of mapping shows that there were cluster pattern of obesity in some places in urban area of Kuantan. Likewise, the distribution of stunting was seen to be overlapping with the overweight/obesity distribution.</p> <p><strong><em>Conclusion:&nbsp; </em></strong>A high proportion of overweight and obesity among schoolchildren was identified in Kuantan and its distribution was mapped using GIS. The findings advocate the need for further investigation to identify the root causes of poor nutritional status in order to develop informed policy, guidelines and intervention program<strong><em>.</em></strong></p> WAN AZDIE MOHD BAKAR NOOR ATIRAH YAHYA HALIMATUN SAADIAH AB GHALIB ROSELAWATI MAT YA ROZLIN ABDUL RAHMAN SURIATI SIDEK Copyright (c) 2023 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ALLIED HEALTH SCIENCES 2023-01-09 2023-01-09 7 1 2811 2819 OPTIMIZATION OF AUDITORY BRAINSTEM RESPONSE (ABR) TEST TIME USING LEVEL SPECIFIC (LS) CE-CHIRP® <p><strong>Introduction</strong>: The duration of auditory brainstem response (ABR) test is influenced by the time it takes to acquire the ABR signals. The ABR acquisition time can be reduced by using Level Specific (LS) CE Chirps® stimulus that is known to have better spectral synchrony than the traditional click stimulus. To evaluate the time-efficiency of the LS CE Chirps® stimulus, an objective stopping criteria such as those based on signal to noise ratio (SNR) can be used. Using this technique, the test time for both the ABRs elicited by LS CE Chirps® and click stimuli can be compared based on the fastest stimulus to reach an appropriate SNR.&nbsp; To the authors knowledge, no study has scientifically investigated the use of LS CE Chirps® to reduce the ABR test time. <strong>Aim:</strong> The present study aimed to compare the number of averages needed to reach the specified SNRs between the ABRs elicited from LS CE Chirp® and click stimuli in normal hearing adults. <strong>Methodology:</strong> A repeated measures research design was used involving fifteen adult subjects as participants. ABRs were acquired at four intensity levels (80, 60, 40, and 20 dB nHL) and two stimuli (LS CE Chirps® and click stimuli). The ABR signal averaging was stopped when the multiple points F-ratio (Fmp) value reached 3.1. <strong>Results:</strong> The number of averages between the ABR elicited from LS CE Chirps® and click stimuli were statistically compared. The number of averages to reach Fmp at 3.1 was lower in the ABRs elicited using LS CE Chirps® than the ABRs to click stimuli at all intensity levels. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> This study demonstrated that ABRs arising from LS-CE-Chirps® stimuli could be acquired faster than ABRs elicited from click stimuli. <strong>Implication: </strong>The use of LS-CE-Chirps® stimulus has the potential to reduce the ABR acquisition time in comparison to the traditional click stimulus.</p> AHMAD AIDIL BIN DZULKARNAIN MUHAMMAD NASRULLAH MARZUKI FATIN AMIRA SHAHRUDIN FATIN NABILAH JAMAL NORASHIKIN CHAHED MOHD NORMANI ZAKARIA Copyright (c) 2023 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ALLIED HEALTH SCIENCES 2023-01-09 2023-01-09 7 1 2820 2826 KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE (KAP) TOWARDS VISUAL IMPAIRMENT AND VISUAL REHABILITATION AMONG TEACHERS IN MALAYSIA <p><strong>Introduction: </strong>Visual impairment is one of the biggest public health concerns globally. It gives greater consequences to the children and their family members mainly on their education, employment, personal and social-emotional status. If the emphasis on the appropriate vision care and rehabilitation services are not rendered, the number of blind children is expected to rise significantly every year. <strong>Aim: </strong>This study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) towards visual impairment and visual rehabilitation among school teachers in Malaysia. <strong>Methodology: </strong>A total of 384 respondents were recruited in this study, and all the respondents completed the validated and reliable self-administered questionnaires on their KAP towards visual impairment and visual rehabilitation. <strong>Results: </strong>Most respondents (92.4%) have good KAP on visual impairment and visual rehabilitation despite only 4.2% of them had attended formal low vision course or training. There was a significant association between attending low vision training and high KAP among the teachers. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>The study gives an insight into the need for low vision course in the teacher’s curriculum in order to improve their learning experience and academic performance.</p> NURUL MAISARAH MOHD TAHA AZUWAN MUSA Copyright (c) 2023 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ALLIED HEALTH SCIENCES 2023-01-09 2023-01-09 7 1 2827 2835 SURVEY ON AWARENESS AND KNOWLEDGE TOWARDS PELVIC FLOOR MUSCLES EXERCISES AMONG FEMALE UNIVERSITY STUDENTS <p>Pelvic floor muscles exercises (PFME) has been highlighted as one of the core components in the management of pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD). As the incidence of PFD is reported high in women population, it still crucial to ensure that this population has adequate awareness and knowledge about PFME. Till date published studies on awareness and knowledge about PFME had focussed on porous women. &nbsp;Hence the aims of this study were to determine the awareness and knowledge about PFME among nulliparous&nbsp; women specifically students in IIUM Kuantan and to examine the association between awareness and knowledge of PFME among this population. A cross-sectional online survey was conducted. The questionnaires on awareness and knowledge of PFME used in this study were adopted from previous studies. A total of 133 respondents with a mean age of 22.19 (±1.21) years participated in this study. Descriptive statistic was used to analyse the awareness and knowledge on PFME while Chi-square test was used to examine the association between both variables. The findings indicated that less than 50% of the respondents were awareness and had knowledge on PFME, 48.1% and 42.9% respectively. The awareness and knowledge of PFME was found to be statistically associated (<em>p </em>&lt; 0.001), in which respondents who were aware of PFME were significantly had knowledge of PFME. These results suggest that there is a &nbsp;need to strategize a health education programme for PFME that is accessible to a diverse women population.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> NUR AFIFAH ASRI SITI SALWANA KAMSAN Copyright (c) 2023 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ALLIED HEALTH SCIENCES 2023-01-09 2023-01-09 7 1 2836 2844