Waqf New Form (WNF): An Elucidation for Systematic Waqf Land Registration in Malaysia


  • Noor Azimah Binti Ghazali Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia
  • Ibrahim Bin Sipan Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia
  • Rohaya Jalil Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia
  • Ahmad Bin Che Yaacob Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia
  • Mohamad Tahir Sabit Hj Mohammad International Islamic University Malaysia, Malaysia




Waqf land, Land registration and titling, Land document


This paper proposes the Waqf New Form (WNF), adapted from Ghazali, (2021), as a solution to the issues in registering waqf land in Malaysia. These include problematic registration methods and procedures, conflicts with the civil court jurisdiction, and idle waqf land. The form is developed based on findings synthesized from a qualitative content analysis involving semi-structured interviews with legal practitioners, lecturers, and executive officers in charge of waqf land matters, as well as a review of official documents from waqf authority such as the Department of Waqf, Zakat, and Hajj Malaysia (JAWHAR). Results of qualitative analysis have indicated the need for a new registration procedure for waqf land in Malaysia. The procedure is guided by a new application form consisting of three segments, namely, i) the application details (background of applicant, property, waqf purpose, and authorized signatures), ii) statutory declaration, and iii) checklist declaration. The WNF has been validated by experts and promoted to be enacted under the National Land Code (NLC) in the near future. Consequently, it will secure the rights of the property with the effects of being perpetual, inalienable, and irrevocable.


Abdulai, R.T., and E. Ochieng. “Land Registration and Landownership Security: An Examination of the Underpinning Principles of Registration.” Property Management 35, no. 1 (2017): 24-47.

Abdullah, M. “Classical Waqf, Juristic Analogy and Framework of Awq?f Doctrines.” ISRA International Journal of Islamic Finance 12, no. 2 (2020): 281-96.

Abdullah, N.C., R. Ramly, and M.I. Ikhsan. “Land Registration of Titles at Stake: West and East Malaysia Compared.” Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal 2, no. 6 (2017): 197.

Ambuli, T., R. Surender, S. Praveen, and P. Pavithra. “A Study on Fixed Assets Management with Special Reference to Polaris Consulting and Service Limited, Chennai.” International Journal of Research in Management & Business Studies 6, no. 1, (2019): 23-27.

Artha, E.U., F. Medias, and Z.B. Pambuko. “Evaluation of Wakafmu Fundraising Platform Using HOT-FIT Method.” Journal of Physics: Conference Series 1517, no. 1 (2020): 1-5.

Boone, C. “Legal Empowerment of the Poor Through Property Rights Reform: Tensions and Trade-Offs of Land Registration and Titling in Sub-Saharan Africa.” Journal of Development Studies 55, no. 3 (2019): 384-400.

Crossman, A. An Overview of Chaos Theory in Sociology. (2017). https://www.thoughtco.com/chaos-theory-3026621.

Deininger, K., and G. Feder. “Land Registration, Governance, and Development: Evidence and Implications for Policy.” World Bank Research Observer 24, no. 2 (2009): 233–66.

Feder, G., and A. Nishio. “The Benefits of Land Registration and Titling: Economic and Social Perspectives.” Land Use Policy 15, no. 1 (1999): 25–43.

Ghazali N.A, F. Raji, and M. T. S. H. Mohammad. “Issues on Waqf Land Registration Process in Malaysia and Improvement Proposals.” UMRAN-International Journal of Islamic and Civilizational Studies 6, no. 3 (2019): 57-71.

______, I. Sipan, F.N. Abas, F. Raji, and M.T.S.H. Mohammad. “Concept of Valid Contract Declaration of Waqf Property in Islamic Law.” Journal of Fatwa Management and Research 16, no. 2 (2019): 224-52.

______, I. Sipan, Haji Mohammad, M.T.S. and M.A. Ab Aziz. “New Framework for the Management of Waqf Land Registration System in Malaysia.” International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management 14, no. 3 (2021): 625-40.

Hamid, A.M.I., and M.S.M. Tahir. Waqf Property: Concept, Management, Development, and Financing. Skudai: UTM Press Publisher, 2014.

Hariyanto, E., M. Taufiq, Z. Abidin, M. Ulum, and M. Maimun. “Effectiveness of the Economic System to Zakat and Waqf for Empowerment of the Ummah in Indonesia.” International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, 29 no. 6 (2020): 1910-16.

Hasan, Z. “An overview of the effectiveness of the administration of waqf land in Malaysia.” Shariah Law Report, Current Law (2008): 1-17.

Hossain, B. “Islamic Microfinance and Rehabilitation Model for the Slum and Floating Population by Waqf Funds, The Case of Bangladesh: A Proposal for Muslim Countries.” Journal of King Abdulaziz University, Islamic Economics 32, no. 2 (2019): 139-60.

Mohsin, M.I.A. “Financing through Cash-waqf: A Revitalization to Finance Different Needs.” International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management 6, no. 4 (2013): 304–21.

Ismail, C.Z., N.J. Salim, and N.J.A. Hanafiah. “Administration and management of waqf land in Malaysia: Issues and solutions.” Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences 6, no. 2 (2015): 613–20.

Jones, D.S. “Land Registration and Administrative Reform in Southeast Asian States: Progress and Constraints.” International Public Management Review 11, no. 1 (2010): 67–89.

Kader, S.A., S. Zubaidah, M. Dahlan, and N. Hilal. “Current Legal Issues Concerning Waqf in Malaysia.” In Waqf Laws & Management: Reality and Prospects, International Conference. Cultural Activity Centre (CAC), International Islamic University Malaysia, Gombak Campus, 2009.

Kumar, Ranjit. Research Methodology: A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners. London: SAGE Publications, 2019.

Mat Rani, Mohd Afendi, and Sayuti Abd. Ghani. Implikasi Perundangan Terhadap Pendaftaran Tanah Wakaf di Malaysia: Satu Kajian Dari Aspek Akta Pengambilan Tanah 1960. Isu-isu Semasa Mengenai Waqaf. Edited by Sohaimi Mohd Salleh, Ramli Hasan, Muhamad Rahimi Osman, Khalid Mohamed, Norazman Ismail and Rosmawati Yas. Kuala Lumpur: Pusat Penerbitan Universiti UiTM. 2012.

Mohammad, M.T.S.H. “Obstacles of the Current Concept of Waqf to the Development of Waqf Properties and the Recommended Alternative.” Malaysian Journal of Real Estate 1, no. 1 (2006): 27-38.

Osman, A.Z., and G. Agyemang. “Privileging Downward Accountability in Waqf Management.” Journal of Islamic Accounting and Business Research 11, no. 3 (2020): 533-54.

Osman, R.B., N.A.B. Ramli, and M.Z. Mohd Nor. “Waqf Land Administration and Registration: Legal Analysis.” The Journal of Social Sciences Research, no. 6 (2018): 1194-201.

Payne, G. “Urban Land Tenure Policy Options: Titles or Rights?” Habitat International 25, no. 3 (2001): 415–29.

Persekutuan Y.W. “Perletakan Tanah Wakaf: Mendepani Cabaran Semasa.” Putrajaya. 2019

Rashid, S.K. “Certain Legal and Administrative Measures for the Revival and Better Management of Awqaf.” Working Paper Series, Islamic Research and Training Institute (IRTI), Islamic Development Bank, Jeddah, 2011.

Razak, S.H.A. “Zakat and Waqf as Instrument of Islamic Wealth in Poverty Alleviation and Redistribution: Case of Malaysia.” International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy 40, no. 3 (2020): 249-66.

Shafii, Z., Z. Iqbal, and M. Tasdemir. “Governance Regulatory Framework for Waqf in Selected Countries.” In World Bank Global Islamic Finance Development Centre, 6th February to 28 February. ?stanbul, Turkey, 2015.

Tajudin, M., R. Omar, A. Smedlund, and R.P. Aziz. “Financing with Heart and Intelligence: Augmenting Intimacy and Sustainability through Islamic Fintech.” International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology 29, no. 9 (2020): 1638-64.

Yubaidi, R.S. “The Role of Land Deed Official Regarding Legal Certainty of Complete Systematic Land Registration.” Jurnal Hukum Dan Peradilan 9, no. 1 (2020): 1-27.




How to Cite

Ghazali, N. A. B., Sipan, I. B., Jalil, R. ., Che Yaacob, A. B., & Hj Mohammad, M. T. S. . (2022). Waqf New Form (WNF): An Elucidation for Systematic Waqf Land Registration in Malaysia. International Journal of Economics, Management and Accounting, 30(2), 285–309. https://doi.org/10.31436/ijema.v30i2.947