Integrating Wqāf and Business: Ensuring Business Sustainability for The Welfare of Heirs and Non-Heirs


  • Umar Habibu Umar Yusuf Maitama Sule University, Kano, Nigeria
  • Tasiu Tijjani Kademi College of Advance and Remedial Studies, Tudun-Wada, Kano, Nigeria
  • Md Harashid Haron Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia.


Family business, Going concern, Islāmic inheritance, Wqāf


Islam has concern on the sustainable welfare of one’s heirs through wealth preservation and maximization. The objective of this study is to provide a model for the sustainability of a family business through its integration with wqÄf in order to perpetually generate incomes. The essential features of wqÄf (irrevocability, inalienability and perpetuity) would not only prevent the family inheritable business from disposal or liquidation but also ensure that it remains a going concern to generate incomes for the welfare of the heirs, exempted heirs and other members of the IslÄmic society. Profit is expected to be shared among heirs based on the sharing ratio established by IslÄmic succession law. The exempted heirs and other members of IslÄmic society could benefit from the business’s profit continuously every year if the founder/owner of the business dedicates a certain share of its equity to them by way of a will.


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How to Cite

Umar, U. H., Tasiu Tijjani Kademi, & Haron, M. H. . (2020). Integrating Wqāf and Business: Ensuring Business Sustainability for The Welfare of Heirs and Non-Heirs. International Journal of Economics, Management and Accounting, 28(1), 191–213. Retrieved from