Economic and Social Make-Over in Turkey: By Erdogan
After the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, a new Turkey was born in 1923. Since then till 2001, the nation was governed by either military rule or democratically elected entity which, for political reasons, could not continue their term of reign. Post-birth of an independent Turkey, it has been going through a lot of ups and downs economically; before the arrival of Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi-AKP (Justice and Development Party) in power, the country was in massive debt. The administrative strategy of Erdogan brought about a drastic geopolitical change in Turkey, not only that also, in the economic field. Today, Turkey is said to be the most influential country among the developing fellow nations who were in debt to IMF and World Bank. Now, the question comes to mind that in what sense of the country did he take initiatives to bring about such results? Some political groups blame him for the eradication of democracy whereas others rejoice him for handling the nation democratically. Recently, three events took place in Turkey respectively that marked history; firstly, the coup of July 15th 2016, in order to de-throne president Erdogan; secondly, the referendum in 2017 where he slightly won by 51%; and thirdly, with a new presidential system Erdogan once again won by 52.5% in 2018. To what extent do these circumstances provide for further economic and social development in Turkey? This paper evaluates the steps taken by Erdogan to bring about such an outcome, giving argumentative and empirical statements.
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