ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND LEADERSHIP: AN ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE

Authors

  • Maryam Fozia Department of Business Administration, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh.
  • Ayesha Rehman Department of Business Administration, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh.
  • Ayesha Farooq Department of Business Administration, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh.

Abstract

Islam is a religion that provides not only guidelines for spiritual matters but also worldly matters, including the conduct of business. The main contribution of the study is in explaining the role of religion in managing enterprises vis-à-vis the characteristics of an entrepreneur and leader who practices Islam in conducting business. The principles are for leaders and entrepreneurs who are desirous of implementing leadership and entrepreneurship as guided by Islam. Two broad categories are discussed in this article: entrepreneurship and leadership in Islam. Seminal work in this area provides the understanding on the teachings of Islam and its principles for practicing entrepreneurship and leadership. The teachings of Islam have been elucidated from practicing perspectives. This article shows that Islam is a practical religion with entrepreneurship and leadership practice characterized by taqwā (faith), tawakkul (dependence on Allah), efficient and proper use of resources, the use of permissible sources of production and the production of permissible products, sincerity in efforts, trustworthiness in all dealings, concern for societal welfare and the environment, fairness and transparency in all activities, pursuance of knowledge, taking pride in work/ labor, and consultation with stakeholders before decision making. This article suggests that leaders and entrepreneurs who possess the qualities laid down in Islam are expected to combat any managerial challenge and complexity in administering their responsibilities. This article attempts to express the Islamic teachings in such a way that it is easier for entrepreneurs and leaders to practice Islam. Along with proposing the principles a good amount of rationalism is generated through citing Quranic verses and aḥādīth pertinent to each sub-topic.

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Published

2016-06-30

How to Cite

Fozia, M., Rehman, A., & Farooq, A. (2016). ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND LEADERSHIP: AN ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE. International Journal of Economics, Management and Accounting, 24(1), 15-47. Retrieved from https://journals.iium.edu.my/enmjournal/index.php/enmj/article/view/392

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