PRELIMINARY STUDY ON FORMULATION OF PVA-BASED FACE MASK INCORPORATED WITH SUGARCANE BAGASSE MICROFIBRILLATED CELLULOSE
PVA-Based Face Mask Incorporated with Sugarcane Bagasse Nanocellulose
Keywords:PVA-based face mask, sugarcane bagasse, nanocellulose, sodium carboxymethyl cellulose
Bio cellulose facial masks have gained a huge interest in the cosmetic industry. The raw materials such as plant biomass, bacteria and algae have been used as producers of cellulose. In this study, several formulated facial masks (F1,F2,F3,F4 and F5) incorporated with nanocellulose extracted from sugarcane bagasse (SCB) have been prepared. Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and nanocellulose of sugarcane bagasse (NC-SCB) concentrations were varied to get appropriate composition of the facial masks. The nanocellulose was extracted through chemical treatment assisted with ultrasonication. The physicochemical characteristics of the formulated facial masks in terms of appearance and drying time as well as its organoleptic characteristics; adhesion to skin, spreadability, colour and odour were evaluated. Spectral analysis of the best formulation (F3) and standard formulation of facial mask with sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) (F6) were compared to observe their chemical structural changes. The results showed that the formulated facial mask, F3 has better performance in term of drying time and adhesion to skin when compared to standard formulation using sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC). This proves that the presence of nanocellulose of sugarcane bagasse showed competitive performance with the standard formulation of facial mask.
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