at-Tajdid - A Refereed Arabic Biannual <br> التجديد - مجلة فكرية نصف سنوية محكمة https://journals.iium.edu.my/at-tajdid/index.php/Tajdid مجلة التجديد، مجلة محكمة، الجامعة الإسلامية العالمية بماليزيا، at-Tajdid, Tajdid, IIUM, Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge & Human Sciences International Islamic University Malaysia en-US at-Tajdid - A Refereed Arabic Biannual <br> التجديد - مجلة فكرية نصف سنوية محكمة 1823-1926 كلمة التحرير - المجلد 23 العدد 45 1440/2019 https://journals.iium.edu.my/at-tajdid/index.php/Tajdid/article/view/494 <p>كلمة التحرير</p> <p>لا شك أن العنف بأشكاله في المجتمع البشري قديم قدم الوجود نفسه، فهو ليس قاصرا على عصر دون غيره أو مجتمع دون آخر، بيد أن ظاهرة العنف اليوم قد ازداد نطاقها وتعددت ألوانها بصورة لم يكن لها نظير في العصور الغابرة. وقد ساعد على توسع ظاهرة العنف اليوم انفجار المعلومات التكنولوجية من خلال وسائل الإعلام والفضائيات وشبكة الإنترنت، وبالتالي تحول عالمنا الصغير إلى قرية صغيرة بحيث يسهل على رياح العنف أن تنقل بذوره من تربة إلى أخرى في زمن قصير للغاية.</p> Majdi Haji Ibrahim (مجدي حاج إبراهيم) Copyright (c) 2019-06-30 2019-06-30 5 8 التشيُّع في ماليزيا: مراجعة أولية https://journals.iium.edu.my/at-tajdid/index.php/Tajdid/article/view/497 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>The research aims at a generally explaining the history of Shi’ism in Malaysia including its development, its causes and its influence in the creed of Malay Muslim community in Malaysia. The study uses the analytical approach to review texts related to Shi'ism in Malaysia, conducting interviews with selected Shiite followers and ties sympathizers. Among the conclusions are: that the appearance of Shi’ism in Malaysia was the aftermath of the Iranian Revolution in 1979. This had led to some tensions between them and the local religious authorities in Malaysia. Eventually this had led to the banning of Shia in 1996 though the number of its followers keep on increasing day by day.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Shi'ism, Shī‘ah, Malaysia, Malaysian society.&nbsp;</p> Wan Mohd Azam Bin Mohd Amin (وان محمد عزام محمد أمين) Abdul Salam @ Zulkifli B. Muhamad Shukri (عبد السلام @ ذو الكفل بن محمد شكري) Muntaha Artalim (منتهى أرتاليم) Copyright (c) 2019-06-30 2019-06-30 9 35 الحِجَاج في شعر أحمد مطر https://journals.iium.edu.my/at-tajdid/index.php/Tajdid/article/view/498 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>The study tries to trace the argumentation mechanisms in the poem of Ahmad Matar to establish a view that it is possible for a poem to contain argumentation mechanisms as the result of certain belief of the poet of which he would like to influence and assert on his audience. Since Ahmad is a rebellious and resentful towards the reality, he tries to uncover the pain, distress, poverty, lie and power that were practised by the authorities towards their subjects. Thus, he tries to change the reality by convincing his audience with the truth about these authorities through his poems by including several argumentation mechanisms as found in the argumentative conjunctions and other extra linguistic devices such as irony, question, dialogue and intertextuality. The researcher views that irony and intertextuality have argumentative dimension due to what they project in terms of contradictions and contrasts that happened to be the fundamentals of argumentation. In this light the poet resorts to it to influence his audience and assert his view on certain issue.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Poem, Argumentation, Ahmad Matar, Rejection, Rebellion.</p> Zayed Khawaledah (زايد محمد ارحيمة الخوالدة) Copyright (c) 2019-06-30 2019-06-30 37 60 الرواية التاريخية بين الموضوعية والفنية عند علي أحمد باكثير وجرجي زيدان https://journals.iium.edu.my/at-tajdid/index.php/Tajdid/article/view/499 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>The research seeks to critique the historical novels of the Ali Ahmad Bakathir and Jurji Zaydan between the artistic imageries and historical objectivity. Through the analytical approach the study will address the aesthetic elements of the historical novels of the writers as found in titles such as: "ØalÉÍ al-DÊn al-Ayyūbi","Shajarat Al-Durr","Al-Hajjāj Bin YËsuf"; and "Wā IslÉmāh", "SÊrat al-ShujÉÒ", "Al-FÉris al-JamÊl", by Ali Ahmad Bakathir. The research is interested the fiction elements in selected novels, such as: narrative style, temporal element, personalities, historical data, and the aesthetical techniques of the writers in the organization of historical data. In terms of historical objectivity, the research has touched on the historical data as presented by the writers in terms of facts and fiction and the means through which they deal with historical documents. The research concluded that Bakathir was dedicated to objectivity but on the expense of the aesthetic image, while Zaydan was dedicated to the art but on the expense of objectivity. Bakathir also relied on the influence of the characters in the construction of the novel, while Zaydan relied on the influence of the place, both of which preserved historical results, but differed in the narration of&nbsp; history and its interpretation.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Novel, historical, thematic, artistic, Ali Ahmad Bakathir, Jurjī Zaydan.</p> Nasr El Din Ibrahim Ahmed Hussein (نصر الدين إبراهيم أحمد حسين) Abdul Halim Samae (عبد الحليم سامي) Copyright (c) 2019-06-30 2019-06-30 61 93 عصرنة اللّغة العربيّة: المفهوم والآليات https://journals.iium.edu.my/at-tajdid/index.php/Tajdid/article/view/500 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>The research examines the subject of the modernization of Arabic, discusses its prospects from returning to the linguistic meaning of the word, and selecting the meaning of idiomatic while considering the historical roots of the subject of modernity. This is done by making the language adopt the methods and approaches that are suited to the spirit of the era. It is also by benefitting from the achievements of other language people as this can be useful in studying and teaching the language through considering the facts and good examples. The research attempts to display and examine the most salient features and terms of reference of the topic and its position. It presents differing views among researchers as answer to a group of issues that concern the general research issues and some of the more pertinent issues. The objectives of the research were revealed through the descriptive and analytical approach, and in a nutshell the topics of the research are: the concept of modernization of the language, the historical roots of the modernization of the Arab, the methods of modernizing the Arab, and the modernization of the Arab between acceptance and rejection, and areas Modernization of Arabia, the optimum investigation of Arab modernization, and the modernization that we want.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Arabic, Modernity, Linguistics, language development.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Afnan Najjar (أفنان عبد الفتاح النّجار) Fatema Omari (فاطمة محمد أمين العمري) Copyright (c) 2019-06-30 2019-06-30 95 116 منهجية مراعاة حقوق المسجون في التشريع الجنائي الإسلامي المعاصر https://journals.iium.edu.my/at-tajdid/index.php/Tajdid/article/view/501 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>The research examines the issue of the protecting the rights of prisoners by focusing on the means and mechanisms that the Islamic Sharia has initiated in the care of criminals before, during and after the implementation of the sentence while comparing the findings of modern civil law with the principles and MaqÉÎid al-SharÊ‘ah.&nbsp; The aim of the research is to demonstrate the integrative view of Islamic Sharia between the fight against crime and the preservation of dignity and rights of the perpetrator of the crime. The paper employed inductive and analytical methods.&nbsp; The research also concluded that the legislator took into consideration the crime and the perpetrator in two aspects: First from the perspective of the crime in terms of its type by not generalizing same punishment for anyone who commits any crime, and second, from perspective of the punishment in terms of limiting the quantity of punishment through employing mercy and corrective actions in dealing with criminals.</p> <p><strong>Key words</strong>: Prisoner, crime, punishment, rights, methodology<em>.</em></p> Hossam El-Din Elsefy (حسام الدين الصيفي) Mohammed Farid Ali (محمد فريد علي) Kamel Ouinez (كمال وينز) Copyright (c) 2019-06-30 2019-06-30 117 137 المهر وكايكولي في سريلانكا: دراسة فقهية https://journals.iium.edu.my/at-tajdid/index.php/Tajdid/article/view/502 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>Dowry is a form of appreciation in Islam to women to uplift their position and dignity. It is a gift given to the bride at the beginning of their new life. In spite of the noble purpose of dowry in the Islamic system, its nobility is affected by a custom practiced by the Muslim community of Sri Lanka known as the kaikoli. This tradition has spread amongst many Muslims and had negatively affected them in a significant way. There are studies which highlighted this from the social perspective and its negative effects on family members but to the best of the researcher’s knowledge, there has not been any study of the issue from the perspective of Fiqh. Therefore, there is a need to study and explain the judgement on kaikoli from the perspective of Fiqh and the real situation in Sri Lanka. This study tries to take on the issue through the analytical deductive and evaluative method in discussing and interpreting the issue to realize the best possible answer and explanation. Among the most important conclusions of the study are: kaikoli is a negative custom and foreign to Islam and a violation of its marital system. Therefore, to give kaikoli or requesting or acquiring it is forbidden in Islam as it negatively affect the society.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Dowry, Kaikoli, Wedding, Sri Lanka</p> Mohamed Mohideen Nayeem (محمد محيي الدين نعيم) Mek Wok Binti Mahmud (ميك ووك بنت محمود) Copyright (c) 2019-06-30 2019-06-30 139 157 الهدي النبوي في الأسماء https://journals.iium.edu.my/at-tajdid/index.php/Tajdid/article/view/503 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>The study touches on the Prophetic Tradition in selecting names to indicate the significance of selecting names in Islamic practice. It has been observed lately names which are meaningless in Arabic and many try to westernize the names of their children and subsequently become popular in Muslim societies. Through deductive analytical method the study tries to explain some commendable and prohibited names in addition to the practice of the Prophet in changing names. The study had concluded among others: the right of the son on his father is for the latter to choose for him a good name; a chosen name must bear a good meaning that contains glad tiding and optimism; names which have despicable meaning and contrary to Islam are prohibited.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: The Prophetic Tradition, Names, Changing names, Good names, Bad names.</p> Islam Tazaza (إسلام حسن محمد طزازة) Copyright (c) 2019-06-30 2019-06-30 159 185