at-Tajdid - A Refereed Arabic Biannual <br> التجديد - مجلة فكرية نصف سنوية محكمة 2019-12-30T17:02:06+08:00 Prof. Dr. Nasreldin Ibrahim Open Journal Systems مجلة التجديد، مجلة محكمة، الجامعة الإسلامية العالمية بماليزيا، at-Tajdid, Tajdid, IIUM, Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge & Human Sciences كلمة تحرير - المجلد 23 - العدد 46 - عام 2019/1441 2019-12-30T16:14:59+08:00 Majdi Haji Ibrahim (مجدي حاج إبراهيم) <p>..</p> 2019-12-30T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2019 at-Tajdid - A Refereed Arabic Biannual <br> التجديد - مجلة فكرية نصف سنوية محكمة العوامل المؤثرة في نشأة الصحافة في مملكة البحرين وظروفها: دراسة تاريخية 2019-12-30T15:33:36+08:00 Ali Ahmed Abdullah (علي أحمد عبد الله) Shoaib Abdelmoneim Elghobashy (شعيب عبد المنعم الغباشي) <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>This study addresses the conditions and factors affecting the formation of Bahraini journalism in 1939. To achieve this and to gain a better understating of the historical events around this period, a literature review was conducted followed by interviews with six specialists in journalism and culture. The study concluded that social and cultural interactions between Bahrain and other countries created a need for newspapers that can convey the news of the world into Bahrain. It also concluded that Abdulla Al-Zaid played a major role in establishing the first Bahraini newspaper. Other factors affecting the birth of journalism include the influence of Arabic and Islamic journalism on Bahrain, British presence and the establishment of Christian missions. All of these created a cultural and social milieu that motivated some Bahrainis to own media through which they can influence and educate the masses. The establishment of journalism in Bahrain has relied on educational projects and the establishment of cultural and literary clubs and libraries.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Bahrain newspaper, Abdulla Al-Zaid, Bahraini openness, Formal education.</p> 2019-12-30T15:25:56+08:00 Copyright (c) 2019 at-Tajdid - A Refereed Arabic Biannual <br> التجديد - مجلة فكرية نصف سنوية محكمة القيود الواردة على الكفارات بين حدِّ النص ومقصود الشارع 2019-12-30T15:33:36+08:00 Tamam Odah Alassaf (تمام عودة عبد الله العساف) <p>In some limits of kaffarah, the scriptural text must be adhered to as Allah has ordained following the text, as in the case of murder and zhihar. Thus, it is necessary to follow the letter of the law as in the case of specifying freeing a <em>Muslim</em> in the kaffarah for murder. There is not such specification in the case of zhihar and thus the letter of the law can also be followed. However, the letter of the law can be passed over to the spirit of the law as in the case of paying money instead of food and in the case of paying one poor person instead of sixty poor people. This does not mean it is illegal to offer food as kaffarah or to pay sixty people, for this would mean cancelling the letter of the law. When the spirit of the law is followed, the objectives of the law are achieved, such as satisfying the needs of the poor.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Kaffarah and compensation, letter of the law, sharia objective, spirit of the law.</p> 2019-12-30T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2019 at-Tajdid - A Refereed Arabic Biannual <br> التجديد - مجلة فكرية نصف سنوية محكمة المعجم اللفظي والحقول الدلالية في رواية الروائي الكويتي إسماعيل فهد إسماعيل "طيور التاجي" 2019-12-30T15:55:30+08:00 إيمان Al Mulla (إيمان سعد عبد الرحمن الملاَّ) Asem Shehadeh Ali (عاصم شحادة علي) <p>The term “poetic diction” has become common among critics and researchers as if these words are limited to poetry, without regard to novels. If fact, prose works can have unique diction just like poems. Thus, stylistic studies should not be limited to poetry, especially with reference to a corpus of language. Poets and novelists both try to convey their experience through literary works that express their wealth of diction and variety of words. This variety is an indicator of language mastery and sophistication, according to many critics and linguists. Hence, this study statistically measures the semantic variety in “Al-Taji Birds” and outlines its unique style.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Ismail Fahd Ismail, Novel, Language corpus, Variety in diction, Semantic fields.</p> 2019-12-30T15:29:49+08:00 Copyright (c) 2019 at-Tajdid - A Refereed Arabic Biannual <br> التجديد - مجلة فكرية نصف سنوية محكمة توظيف المناظرة في تعليم العربية للناطقين بغيرها: دراسة وصفية تحليلية 2019-12-30T15:33:36+08:00 Saleh Iyad Alhogory (صالح بن عياد الحجوري) <p>The study examines the use of debate as a tool to teach Arabic as a second language based on the strategies of active learning. The study is based on functional theories of education. It benefits from the communicative approach that has proved its educational merit through procedural communication that reinforces and develops the skills of learners through conversation and comprehension. The study employs the descriptive analytical method to conclude that debate is important for teaching Arabic as a second language. The study also clarifies the vital role of debate in developing creative and critical thinking skills as learners use these skills to formulate, express and defend their opinions.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Debate, Active learning, Strategy, Creative thinking, Critical thinking.</p> 2019-12-30T15:31:22+08:00 Copyright (c) 2019 at-Tajdid - A Refereed Arabic Biannual <br> التجديد - مجلة فكرية نصف سنوية محكمة الحداثة وأثر الغرب في الأدب العربي 2019-12-30T17:02:06+08:00 Adli Bin Yacoob (عدلي بن يعقوب) Gamal Abdelghaffar Ibrahim Badawi (جمال عبد الغفار إبراهيم بدوي) <p>The issue of Western influence on Arabic literature has been a serious issue of study and debate that preoccupied literary and cultural circles. This debate has had a clear effect on the image of modern Arabic literature and its formation. Calls for renewal could be heard at every stage of literary history, yet one need not go extremes in these calls. In fact, benefitting from tradition and knowing the unique characteristics of each culture and society are important things to consider when discussing renewal and influence. Accordingly, this paper examines the Western influence on Arabic literature in a historical context and discusses modernism and its reflections in Arabic literature as a key example of influence<em>.</em></p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Arabic literature, Modernism, Western influence.</p> 2019-12-30T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2019 at-Tajdid - A Refereed Arabic Biannual <br> التجديد - مجلة فكرية نصف سنوية محكمة الحدث وأنماطه في الشعر السعودي المعاصر: مقاربة تطبيقية للشاعرين الروائيين القصيبي والصاعدي 2019-12-30T16:42:33+08:00 سلطانة محمد العتيبي <p>This paper examines simple and complex plots in Saudi poetry as plots are usually the focal point in any literary narrative structure. Taking poetics that includes imagination, emotion, suggestiveness, deviation and condensation as a departure point, the paper details dramatic aspects of plots that focus on omniscient narration, limited narration and first-person narration. The paper chooses Ghazi <span style="background-color: #ffffff;">&nbsp;Al-Qusaybi and </span>Saud <span style="background-color: #ffffff; color: #000000; font-family: &amp;quot; noto sans&amp;quot;,arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">Al-Sa'idi </span>as both have written novels and poems. The narrative techniques of their novels were reflected in their poems. The paper employs an analytical approach that confirms the poetic nature of narrative literary texts.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Plot, Saudi poetry, Narration, Poetics.</p> 2019-12-30T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2019 at-Tajdid - A Refereed Arabic Biannual <br> التجديد - مجلة فكرية نصف سنوية محكمة تجلّيات الشّعر الحرّ في الأدب العربيّ 2019-12-30T16:11:28+08:00 Abdul Halim Bin Saleh Mohamed Moussa Camara <p>This study does not seek to issue judgements of right or wrong on new forms of Arabic poetry that contradicted the classics. It seeks to examine the historical development of free verse through its various stages and changes. The study uses inductive, descriptive and analytical approaches to conclude that Arabic free verse has evolved in two main stages; the first is the stage of indicators and the second is the stage of growth. The first stage took place in 1946-1921 and the second stage that included publicity and laying down the foundations and rules started in 1947 till today. There is not a distinguished third stage, and there is not a standout pioneer in the first stage that can champion that period as there were many free verse poems in various newspaper in 1921 in particular. The pioneer of the second stage is Ali Ahmad Bakathir, as detailed in the study.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Free verse, Arabic literature, Renewal, Indicators and development.</p> 2019-12-30T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c)