منهجية مراعاة حقوق المسجون في التشريع الجنائي الإسلامي المعاصر
(Methodology to Observe the Rights of Imprisoned Persons in Contemporary Islamic Criminal Legislation)
The research examines the issue of the protecting the rights of prisoners by focusing on the means and mechanisms that the Islamic Sharia has initiated in the care of criminals before, during and after the implementation of the sentence while comparing the findings of modern civil law with the principles and MaqÉÎid al-SharÊ‘ah. The aim of the research is to demonstrate the integrative view of Islamic Sharia between the fight against crime and the preservation of dignity and rights of the perpetrator of the crime. The paper employed inductive and analytical methods. The research also concluded that the legislator took into consideration the crime and the perpetrator in two aspects: First from the perspective of the crime in terms of its type by not generalizing same punishment for anyone who commits any crime, and second, from perspective of the punishment in terms of limiting the quantity of punishment through employing mercy and corrective actions in dealing with criminals.
Key words: Prisoner, crime, punishment, rights, methodology.