ضمانات استقلال قاضي التحقيق في المملكة العربية السعودية في تعيينه: دراسة فقهيَّة تحليليَّة في ضوء المواثيق الدولية Guarantees of the Independence of the Investigating Judge in Saudi Arabia in his Appointment: Analytical Juristic Study in the Light of Inte

Authors

  • ياسر سليم سالم القرشي طالب دكتوراه بكلية أحمد إبراهيم للقانون بالجامعة الإسلامية العالمية ماليزيا.
  • محمد إبراهيم النجاشي أستاذ مشارك بكلية أحمد إبراهيم للقانون بالجامعة الإسلامية العالمية ماليزيا.

Keywords:

القضاء، قضاء التحقيق، قاضي التحقيق، الاستقلال، استقلال القضاء. : Judiciary, Investigation District, Investigating Judge, Independence, Independence of Investigating Judge.

Abstract

ملخص البحث

يعدُّ القضاء الضامن الأساس لحقوق وحريات الأفراد من أيِّ تعسُّف أو استبداد؛ وأن استقلالية القضاء هي الضامنة له من أي تدخل أو تأثير، كما أنها تحتاج لعدد من الضمانات لتقوم بحماية القضاء، والتي منها ضمانات استقلال القاضي أثناء تعيينه. لذا يهدف هذا البحث لكشف العلاقة بين تعيين قاضي التحقيق في القانون السعودي واستقلاليته، وما تشترطه استقلاليته من ضمانات في تعيينه. حيث تجسَّدت إشكالية البحث في مدى كفالة القانون السعودي للضمانات المشترِطة لاستقلالية قاضي التحقيق في كيفية تعيينه. وتكمن أهمية البحث في تقييم هذه الضمانات، ومدى اتفاقها مع الشريعة الإسلامية والقانون الدولي، وسدّ ما بها من ثغرات. ونظراً لطبيعة الدراسة فقد استخدم الباحث المنهج الوصفي والتحليلي والمقارن القائم على جمع الحقائق والبيانات وتحليلها ومقارنتها مع المواثيق الدولية لإيضاح الجوانب المتعلقة بموضوع الدراسة، وكشفت نتائج الدراسة عن وجود بعض الإشكالات في ضمانات استقلال قاضي التحقيق في القانون السعودي من جهة التعيين وشروطه، وأوصى الباحث ببعض التعديلات في تشريعات تعيين قاضي التحقيق في القانون السعودي ليتحقق ضمان استقلاله.

The judiciary system is insuring the rights of individuals from any arbitrary; and the independence of the judiciary is the insurer of any interference or influence, but it lacks insurance to protect the judiciary, including insurance to appoint an investigating judge. This paper seeks to explore the relationship between the appointment of an investigating judge in Saudi law and his independence, and the independence of his appointment. The importance of the paper lies in the assessment of these insurance, the extent of their agreement with Islamic law and international law. The researcher adopts the comparative descriptive analytical approach to collect data. The results of the study confirmed that the existence of some problems and gaps in the insurance of the independence of the investigation of the Saudi law relating to the region of the appointment and conditions of the judge, The researcher recommended some amendments to the legislation guaranteeing the appointment of the investigating judge in the Saudi law in terms of the appointee and its terms to ensure his independence.

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Published

2018-04-10

How to Cite

القرشي ي. س. س., & النجاشي م. إ. (2018). ضمانات استقلال قاضي التحقيق في المملكة العربية السعودية في تعيينه: دراسة فقهيَّة تحليليَّة في ضوء المواثيق الدولية Guarantees of the Independence of the Investigating Judge in Saudi Arabia in his Appointment: Analytical Juristic Study in the Light of Inte. Al-Risalah: Journal of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences (ARJIHS), 2(1), 101–126. Retrieved from https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-risalah/index.php/al-risalah/article/view/57