Analytical Study of the Concept of Tawḥīd and its Establishment in Surat al Fātiḥah
This study discusses the concept of Tawḥīd through the meanings that appear to the contemplator of Surat al Fātiḥah. One of the many noble purposes of this Surah is to establish Tawḥīd along with its practical applications, in the practice of its reciters. For this reason, Surat al Fātiḥah is granted a noble place in Islam, which a Muslim must recite in every rak’ah of Salat. First, the concept of Tawḥīd, a cornerstone in developing a civilization, is discussed. Following this, the methods of establishing Tawḥīd (praise, freedom, and succession) are examined. The article concludes that Tawḥīd plays an essential role in building a civilization.
Al-Biqā'ī, Burhān al-Dīn Abī al-Ḥasan Ibrāhīm Umar. Maṣā’id al-Naẓar li al-Ishrāf ‘alā Maqāṣid al-Suwar. Riyāḍ: Dār Al-Ma’ārif, 1987.
Al-Biqā'ī, Burhān al-Dīn Abī al-Ḥasan Ibrāhīm Umar. Naẓm al-Durar fi Tanāsub al-Āyāt wa al-Ṣuwar. Cairo: Dār al-Kitāb al-Islāmī, N.D.
Darwazah, Muḥammad ‘Izzat. Sīrat al-Rasūl: Suwar Muqtabasah Min al-Qurʼān al-Karīm. Beirut: Al-Maktabah al-‘Asrīyyah, 1980.
Al-Fārūqī, Ismaʻīl Rājī. Al-Tawhīd: Its implications for thought and Life. 1st ed. Malaysia: International Institute of Islamic Thought (IIIT), 1992.
Al-Ghadīr, Haydar ‘Abd al-Karīm. al-Muslimūn wa al-Badil al-Haḍārī (Muslims and the Civilizational Alternatives). 3 ed. USA: International Institute of Islamic Thought.pp 2-10, 1413/1992.
Ibn ʿArafah. Tafsīr Ibn ʿArafah. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, 2008.
Ibn Kathir. Tafsir Al-Qur’ān al-Aẓīm. Saudi Arabia: Dar Ibn Jawzī, N.D.
Ibn Qayyim. Madarij al-Salikin. Beirut: Dar al-Kitab al-Arabi, 1996.
Ibn Rajab, al-Hanbalī. Tafsir Ibn Rajab. 1st ed. Sa’ūdī: Dār al-‘Āṣimah, 2001.
Al-Māwardī. Tafsīr Al-Māwardi. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-‘Ilmīyyah, N.D.
Al-Suyūṭī, Jalaluddin. Asrār Tartīb al-Qur`ān. 2nd ed. Cairo: Dār al-I'tisam. 1978.
Al-Ṭabarī, Abū Ja’far Al-Ṭabarī. Tafsīr al-Ṭabarī. Cairo: Dār al-Ma’ārif, 1987.
Schweitzer, Albert. The Philosophy of Civilization. 1st ed. N.C: Prometheus Books, 1987.
Shalabi, Aḥmad. Tārīkh at-Tashri’ al-Islāmī wa Tārīkh al-Nuẓm al-Qaḍā`iyyah fi al-Islām. 1st ed. Cairo: Maktabat al-Nahḍah Al-Miṣriyyah, 1970.
Toynbee. History of Humanity. 4 ed. Beirut: El Ahlia for Publishing and Distribution, 2003.
Vaglieri. An Interpretation of Islam. India: Goodwords Books, 2004.