Separation Due to Harm Between Spouses in Afghan Law: A Juristic Analytical Study

التفريق بين الزوجين بسبب الضرر في القانون الأفغاني: دراسة فقهية تحليلية

Authors

  • Abdul Basir Azizi Master Student - Dept. of Fiqh & Usul al-Fiqh - International Islamic University Malaysia
  • Abdul Basir Amat Assist. Prof. - Takhar University - Afghanistan

Keywords:

Separation, Harm, Causes of Separation, Judicial Procedures, Arbitration

Abstract

The article includes the issue of separation due to harm between spouses in Afghan law. It aims to illustrate the harms that cause separation between spouses. There are many types of modern harms that we hear and see in the courts of Badakhshan, a province of Afghanistan which are reasons of the separation between spouses, and they have a significant impact on the marital relationship. Therefore, it is important to investigate what is the position of Islamic jurisprudence and Afghan law regarding this issue, and what judicial procedures should be followed when the dispute occurs between the spouses?  The study relies on the inductive approach, by tracking and extrapolating the juristic sources and the opinions of jurists, in addition to the Afghan law; and the analytical approach, by interpreting legal information related to harms, clarifying the civil law, and explaining the Islamic rulings related to the subject. The study reaches to several results, the most important of them are the Afghan law neither specified a clear definition for the concept of harm and its conditions, nor explained its guiding principles, rather it left those aspects to the court’s discretion and judgment of the cases of harms and harmful deeds. Likewise, some people see defects as one of the causes of separation (due to harm(, and others think that one of the reasons of separation is (husband’s) absence and non-payment of living expenses (of his wife). Therefore, the researchers propose the revision of the legal articles, especially the articles related to separation due to harm.

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Published

29-01-2022

How to Cite

Azizi, A. B., & Amat, A. B. (2022). Separation Due to Harm Between Spouses in Afghan Law: A Juristic Analytical Study: التفريق بين الزوجين بسبب الضرر في القانون الأفغاني: دراسة فقهية تحليلية. International Journal of Fiqh and Usul Al-Fiqh Studies, 6(1), 105–123. Retrieved from https://journals.iium.edu.my/al-fiqh/index.php/al-fiqh/article/view/255

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Section

Arabic Articles