Social Integration of People with Sensory Disabilities: A Juristic Maqāṣidic Study in Personal Status
الدمج الاجتماعي لذوي الإعاقة الحسية: دراسة فقهية مقاصدية في الأحوال الشخصية
Keywords:Sensory Disability, Personal Status, Objectives of Sharīʽah, Islamic Fiqh, Social Integration
Considering the increase in the number of people with disabilities, and the great attention this group receives from community institutions at the medical, social and educational levels, this research aims to reflect the attention of Islamic Sharīʽah in integrating and protecting the rights of persons with disabilities and establishing the principle of inclusion, equality and justice between them and the rest of the members of the same society by studying the jurisprudential personal status rulings for the people with sensory disabilities. The goal is to clarify the Sharīʽah objectives of these jurisprudential rulings on the one hand and link them to modern psychological and social studies on the other hand. The research problem lies in the need to reveal the compatibility of Sharīʽah rulings for the people with disabilities with the objectives of Sharīʽah. The research combines inductive, analytical, descriptive, and comparative approaches. Among the most important findings of the study is that, in its rulings for the people with sensory disabilities, Islamic Sharīʽah considered the sensory, physical, psychological, and social objectives, as well as all the differences and the characteristics that distinguish them from others. The study also found that marriage helps to integrate people with disabilities into society, overcome many of the difficulties they face, as well as the concerns of disability.
‘Abās, Ādhār ‘abd Al-lātīf. 2016 AD. Disability from a psychological and social perspective. ‘amān: Dār Al-‘aṣār Al-‘iImi.
“Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 AD (ADA)” Retrived on 7 June 2021 from https://www.ada.gov/pubs/adastatute08.htm
“Blindness and Vision Impairment” Retrived on 14 April 2021 AD from www.cdc.gov.
“Change the Definition of Blindness” Retrived on 27 March 2021 AD from www.who.int.
“Qatari Law No. (2) of 2004 AD Concerning People with Special Needs” Retrived on 20 June 2021 AD from https://www.almeezan.qa/LawView.aspx?opt&LawID=246&language=ar.
A committee composed of several scholars. Mujalat Al-Aḥkām Al-‘adliyyah. ED. Najīb Hwāwīny
A Committee of scholars, Al-Balakhī, Niẓām Al-Dīn. 1310 AH. Al-Fatāwī Al-Hindiyyah. Dār Al-Fikr.
Abu Al-Barakāt, Abd Al-Salām Bin Abdullah. 1984 AD. Al-Muḥarar Fī Al-Fiqh. Al- Riyāḍ: Māktābāt Al-Ma‘aārif.
Al-Balūshī, Ali Ḥassan. 2018 AD. “Marriage of People with Disabilities in Kuwaiti Society: Between Reality and Hope”. Al-‘arāb Newspaper. Vol. 10888, pp. 21.
Al-Buhūtī, Manṣūr Bin Yūnis. 1993 AD. Daqā’q Aūlī Al-Nuhā Lisharḥ Al-Muntahā. ‘aālam Al-Kutub.
Al-Buhūtī, Manṣūr Bin Yūnis. Al-Rawḍ Al-Murba‘ Zād Al-Mustanqa‘. Dār Al-Mūyad.
Al-Buhūtī, Manṣūr Bin Yūnis. Kashāf Al-Qinā‘ ‘an Matn Al-Iqnā‘ .Beirut: Dār Al-Kutub al-‘iImiyyah.
Al-Bukhārī, Muhammad bin Ismail. 1422 AH. Ṣaḥāḥ al-Bukhārī. Ed. a group of scholars. Beirut: Dār Ṭaūq Al-Najāt.
Al-Dābāgh, Fakharī. 1982 AD. The origins of psychiatry. Beirut: Dār Al-Tālī‘ah.
Al-Dmyāṭī, ‘uthmān Bin Muhammad. 1997 AD. E‘ānt Al- Ṭālibīn ‘alā Ḥāl Alfāẓ fātḥ Al-M‘uīn. Beirut: Dār Al-Fikr.
Al-Dusūqī, Muḥammad Bin Aḥmad. 2003 AD. Ḥāshiyah al-Dusūqī ‘alā Al-Sharḥ Al-Kabīr. Dār Al-Fikr.
Al-Gharnāṭī, Muhammad Bin Yūsf. 1994 AD. Al-Tāj Wa Al-Ikīl Limukhtaṣar Khalīl. Beirut: Dār Al-Kutub al-‘iImiyyah.
Al-Ghaytāwī. Aḥmad bin Mūsā. 2000 AD. Al-Bināyah Sharḥ Al-Hidayah. Beirut: Dār Al-Kutub al-‘iImiyyah.
Al-Ḥaṣfaky, Muhammad Bin Ali. 2002 AD. Al-Dur Al- Mukḥtār. ED. Abdullmun‘am Khalil. Beirut: Dār Al-Kutub Al-‘iImiyyah.
Al-Ḥaṭṭāb, Muḥammad Bin Muḥammad. 1992 AD. Mawāhib al-Jalīl Li Sharḥ Mukhtaṣar Khalīl. Dār al-Fikr.
Al-Hudhylī, Nihād Ṣāliḥ. 2005 AD. The effectiveness of a play-based training program in developing innovative thinking among pre-school hearing-impaired children in a Jordanian sample. PHD Thesis. University of Jordan.
Al-Izhary, Muhammad Bin Aḥmed. 2001 AD. Tahdhīb Al-Lughah. Ed. Muhammad ‘awāḍ. Beirut: Dār Aḥyā Al-turāth Al-‘arabī.
Al-Jurjānī, Alī Bin Muhammad. 1983 AD. Al-Ta‘arīfāt. Ed. group of scholars Publisher's supervision. Beirut: Dār Al-Kutub al-‘iImiyyah.
Al-Jūwaīny, Abdullmalik Bin Abdullah. 1401 AH. Al-Ghyāthy Al-umam Fi Al-Tīyāth Al-Dulam. ED. Abdullaẓīm Al-Dīyb. Maṭbat Imām Al-Ḥaramaīn.
Al-Kāsānī, Abu Bakr Bin Mas’ūd. 1986 AD. Al-Ṣnā’‘a Fi Tartīb Al-Sharā’‘a. Beirut: Dār Al-Kutub al-‘iImiyyah.
Al-Khaṭīb, Jamāl, Al-Ḥādīdī, Munā. 2009 AD. Introduction to special education. ‘amān: Dār Al-Fikr.
Al-Māwardī, Ali Bin Muhammad. 1999 AD. Al-Ḥāwy Al-Kabīr. Ed Ali Muhammad. Beirut: Dār Al-Kutub al-‘iImiyyah.
Al-Muzany, Ismā‘īl Bin Yaḥyā. 1990 AD. Mukhtaṣar Al-Muzany. Beirut: Dār Al-Ma‘arifa.
Al-Nawawī, Yaḥyā bin Sharaf. 1991 AD. Rāwḍāt Al-Ṭālbīn Wa ‘umdāt Al-Muftīn. ED. Zuhyr Al-Shawīsh. Beirut: Al-Maktāb Al-Islāmī .
Al-Nawawī, Yaḥyā bin Sharaf. Al-Majmū‘ Sharḥ Al-Muhādhāb. Dār al-Fikr.
Al-Quḍāh, Abd Al-Ḥamīd. 2006 AD. Sexual disease is a divine punishment. Mudīrīyat Al-Māktābāt Al-Waṭanīh.
Al-Qurṭubī, Muhammad bin Ahmed. 1964 AD. al-Jāmi‘ Lī aḥkām al- Qur’ān. Ed. Ahmed Al-Baradounī and Ibrahim Aṭfayesh. Al-Qāhirā: Dār Al-Kutub Al-Maṣriyyah.
Al-Ramly, Ahmed Bin Ḥamzah. Fatāwi Al-Ramly. Al-Maktabah Al-Islāmiyyah.
Al-Raṣā‘a Al-Tūnsy, Muhammad Bin Qāsim. 1350 AH. Al-Hidayah Al-Kāfyah Al-Shāfyah. Beirut: Al-Maktabah Al-‘iImiyyah.
Al-Rūsān, Fārūq. 2013 AD. Issues and problems in special education. ‘amān: Dār al-Fikr.
Al-Sābūny, Muhammad Bin Ali. 1997 AD. Ṣafwat Al-Tafāsīr. Al-Qāhirā: Dār Al-Sābūny.
Al-Salamy, Ayāḍ Bin Nāmy. 1436 AH. “ Al-Ḥḍānah Wa Mqāṣidhā. conference: The impact of the changes of the era on the provisions of the nursery”. The Islamic Fiqh Academy and the College of Sharia and Islamic Studies at Umm Al-Qura University.
Al-Sarkhsī, Muhammad Bin Aḥmed. 1993 AD. Al-Mabsūṭ .Beirut: Dār Al-Ma‘arifa.
Al-Ṣāwī, Aḥmed Bin Muhammad. Bulght Al-Sālik liaqrab Al-Masālik. Dār Al-Ma‘aārif.
Al-Sharbīnī, Muhammad Bin Aḥmed. 1994 AD. Mughnī Al-Muḥtāj ‘ilā Ma‘rifat Ma‘ānī Alfāẓ Al-Minhāj. Beirut: Dār Al-Kutub al-‘iImiyyah.
Al-Siyūṭī, Abd Al-Raḥman Bin Abī Bakr. 1990 AD. Al-Ashbāh Wa Al-Naẓā’ir. Beirut: Dār Al-Kutub al-‘iImiyyah.
Al-Siyūṭī, Muṣtafī Bin Sa‘ad. 1994 AD. Maṭālib Aūlī Al-Nuhā Fi Sharḥ Ghāyat Al-Muntahā. Al-Maktāb Al-Islāmī.
Al-Sunīkī, Muhammad Bin Zakariya. Asnā Al-Maṭālib Fī Sharḥ Rawḍat Al-Ṭālib. Al-Qāhirā: Dār Al-Kitāb Al-Islāmī.
Al-Zarkashī Muhammad bin Bahādar. 1985 AD. Al-Manthūr Fi Al-Qawā‘id al-Fiqhiyyah .Kuwait: Ministry of Awqāf and Islamic Affairs.
Al-Zuḥailī, Wahba Muṣṭafā. Al-Fiqh Al-Islāmī Wa Adilatuhu. Damascus: Dār al-Fikr.
Deafness and hearing loss" Retrived on 7 March 2021 AD from www.who.int.
Hālāhān, Dānyāl Bī. 2013 AD. Students with Special needs. ‘amān: Dār Al-Fikr.
Ibn ‘Ābdīn, Muhammad Ameen. 1992 AD. Rad Al-Mukḥhtār ‘alā Al-Dur Al-Mukhtār. Beirut: Dār Al-Fikr.
Ibn Al-Humām, Kamāl Al-Dīn Muhammad. Fath Al-Qadīr. Dār Al-Fikr.
Ibn Al-Mubarid, Yūsf Bin Ḥassan. 1991 AD. Al-Dur Al-Naqy Fi Sharḥ Alfāẓ Al-Khuraqy. ED. Raḍwān Mukhtār. Jidah: Dār Al-Mujtama‘.
Ibn al-Qayyim, Muhammad ibn Abī Bakr. 1994 AD. Zād Al-Ma‘ād Fī hādī Khaīr Al‘ibād. .Beirut: Dār Al-Risālah.
Ibn Fāris, Ahmed bin Fāris. 1979 AD.M‘jam Maqāīys Al-Lughah. Ed. Abdalsalām Hārūn. ‘Amān: Dār al-Fikr.
Ibn Mnẓūr, Muhammad Bin Mkram Bin Ali. 1414 AH. Lisān Alarab, Beirut: Dār Ṣādr.
Ibn Nujaīm, Zaīn Al-Dīn Bin Ibrahim. 1999 AD. Al-Ashbāh Wa Al-Naẓā’ir. Beirut: Dār Al-Kutub al-‘iImiyyah.
Ibn Nujaīm, Zaīn Al-Dīn Bin Ibrahim. Al-Baḥr Al-Rā’iq Sharḥ Kanz Al-Daqā’iq. Dār Al-Kitāb Al-Islāmī.
Ibn Qudāmah, ʿAbdullāh bin Aḥmad. 1968 AD. Al-Mughnī. Al-Qāhirā: Māktābāt Al-Qāhirā.
Ibn Rushd, Muḥammad bin Aḥmad. 2004 AD. Bidāyat Al-Mujtahid Wa Nihāyat Al-Muqtaṣid. Al-Qāhirā: Dār Al-Ḥadīth.
Kdhudyrī, Al-Ṭāhīr Al-Azhar. 2002 AD. Al-Mqāṣid Al-Shari‘ah Al-Muta‘aliqah Bial’usrah Wa Wsā’iliha. Master Thesis. University of Jordan.
Mālik. Mālik Bin Anas. 1994 AD. Al-Mudawanah. Beirut: Dār Al-Kutub Al-‘iImiyyah.
Mūsā, Rashād Ali. 1994 AD. Research in the psychology of the handicapped. Al-Qāhirā: Dār Al-Nahḍa Al-‘arābyah.
Qal‘ajī, Muhammad, Qunīby, Ḥāmid. 1988 AD. Mu‘jam Lughat al-Fuqahā’. ‘Amān: Dar Al-Nafā’is.
Sīsālim, Kamāl. 1997 AD. The visually impaired, their characteristics and curriculum. Al-Qāhirā: AL-Dār Almaṣrīyah Al-Lubnānuā.
Tāhā, Fārāj and others. Dictionary of Psychology and Psychoanalysis. Beirut: Dār Al-Nahḍa Al-Arabyah.
Waly, Ḥanyn, Khalīfah, Maṣry. 2005 AD. Atlas 4 simplified medical and pharmaceutical encyclopedia. Al-Qāhirā Dār Nūbār.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
The IIUM journal follows the open access policy.
Consent to publish: The Author(s) agree to publish their articles with IIUM Press.
Declaration: The Author(s) declare that the article has not been published before in any form and that it is not concurrently submitted to another publication, and also that it does not infringe on anyone’s copyright. The Author(s) holds the IIUM Press and Editors of the journal harmless against all copyright claims.
Transfer of copyright: The Author(s) hereby agree to transfer the copyright of the article to IIUM Press, which shall have the exclusive and unlimited right to publish the article in any form, including in electronic media. However, the Author(s) will reserve the right to reproduce the article for educational and scientific purposes provided that the written consent of the Publisher is obtained. For the article with more than one author, the corresponding author confirms that he/she is authorized by his/her co-author(s) to grant this transfer of copyright.