Madhhabī Fanaticism and Its Impact on Society: A Study in Light of Islamic Jurisprudence
التعصب المذهبي وأثره في المجتمع: دراسة في ضوء الفقه الإسلامي
Keywords:Fanaticism, Jurisprudence, Analysis, Impact, Ordinary People
This study aims to explore the phenomenon of madhhabī fanaticism and its impact on the Muslim society by employing two methods: inductive and analysis. The inductive approach is used for data collection and the analytical approach is used for studying the available data. This study explains the definition of "madhhabī fanaticism," its forms, causes, rules in Islamic jurisprudence, and practical examples of the real impact of "madhhabī fanaticism" on the ordinary people's morality. This study has shown several results, and the most obvious results are: that madhhabī fanaticism causes many disputes and disunity among Muslims; indeed this situation gives ample opportunity for the enemies of Islam to distract and destroy the unity of Muslims. And, it is notable that "madhhabī fanaticism" is not only prohibited for ordinary people but for all classes of people because it is a form of rejection of the truth when there is a clear dalīl that has been explained. Madhhabī fanaticism will jeopardize everyone whether he is a Muslim scholar or one of the ordinary people. But fanaticism of a scholar can be more harmful than the fanaticism of laymen because ordinary people may have learnt or heard a mistake from a scholar, but they are unlikely to learn and hear how to correct that mistake properly resulting in misunderstanding among them. At the end, the researchers recommend that all scholars should try to rectify this problem using their knowledge of Sharī‛ah and providing continuous advice, explanation of the truth and correction of mistakes with wisdom and discretion. And for the learners, they should equip themselves with knowledge and effort for seeking it, so that "madhhabī fanaticism" would go away from them; and also all parents and teachers are encouraged to collaborate in giving Islamic education to their children from an early age which would save them from this disease in the future.
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