Aligning Qur’anic, Hadith and Shari'ah Paradigms into the Medical Imaging Practice

موائمة بين النماذج القرآنية والحديثية والشرعية في تطبيق التصوير الطبي


  • Zainul Ibrahim Zainuddin Lecturer, Department of Diagnostic Imaging and Radiotherapy, Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences, International Islamic University Malaysia


Medical Imaging, Radiography, Islamic perspectives, Professional Standards, Professionalism


Abstract: Medical Imaging or Radiography practice has been dictated by the Western Worldview. Various professional guidelines are available to guide Medical Imaging professionals in terms of the professional and ethical aspects in the field. However, they are devoid of any references to the Divine Creator or spiritual associations. This effective secularisation of spiritual values and practices could result in distancing Muslim practitioners from the ideals that Islam champions. This paper examined selected professional guidelines identifying some of the common professional and ethical themes that they represent. Seven common themes or constructs were discussed alongside Qurʾanic verses (القرآنية الآيات), Hadith (الحديث) and the Maqasid and Qawa’id Al-Shar'iyyah (مقاصد وقواعد الشرعية). Aligning these paradigms to the professional expectations was done with the intention of reinforcing and enhancing further the spiritual mindedness and practice of the Muslim practitioners. It is hoped that the discussions could promote the formulation of the Code of Professional Practice for Muslim Medical Imaging Practitioners.


Download data is not yet available.


Aksoy, S. & Elmai, A. (2002). The core concepts of the 'four principles' of bioethics as found in Islamic tradition. Med Law. 21(2):211-24. Retrieved from

Aksoy, S. & Tenik, A. (2002). The 'four principles of bioethics' as found in 13th century Muslim scholar Mawlana's teachings. BMC Medical Ethics, (3)4. Retrieved from

Aksoy, S. (2004). The religious Tradition of Ishaq ibn Ali al-Ruhawi: The Author of the First Medical Ethics Book in Islamic Medicine. JISHIM, 3; 9–11. Retrieved from

Al-Eraky, M. M., Chandratilake, M., Wajid, G., Donkers, J., & Van Merrienboer, J. (2013). Medical professionalism: Development and validation of the Arabian LAMPS. Medical Teacher, 35: S56–S62.

Al-Hasan, A.A, Faridahwati, M. S. &Kamil, M. I. (2013) Ethics and Ethical Theories from an Islamic Perspective. International Journal of Islamic Thought. 4 (Dec 2013). Retrieved from

Ali, A. Y. (2009). Holy Qur’an, The Meaning of The Holy Qur’an Text, Translation and Commentary. Kuala Lumpur: Islamic Book Trust

American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (2014). ARRT Standards of Ethics. Author. Retrieved from

Arawi, T. A. (2010). The Muslim Physician and the Ethics of Medicine. Journal of the Islamic Medical Association, 42(3): 111–116. Retrieved from

Birden, H., Glass, N., Wilson, I., Harrison, M., Usherwood, T., & Nass, D. (2014). Defining professionalism in medical education: A systematic review. Medical Teacher, 36, 47–61.

Chamsi-Pasha, H., Albar, M. A (2013). Islamic medical ethics a thousand years ago. Saudi Med J, 34(7).

Code of Ethics. (2002). Retrieved from

Code of Ethics. (2003). Retrieved from

Code of Ethics. (2008). Retrieved from

Code of Professional Conduct for Diagnostic Radiographers and Radiation Therapists. (2010). Retrieved from

Code of Professional Conduct. (2013). Retrieved from

Hammoudeh, M. M (n.d). Islamic Values and Management Practices. Quality and Transformation in the Arab World. Gower. Retrieved from

Hughes, W. & Hughes C. (2013). Professionalism and professional institutions in times of change. Building Research and Information, 41(1), 28-38. Retrieved from

Idriz, M (2007). From a Local Tradition to a Universal Practice: Ijāzah as a Muslim Educational Tradition (With Special Reference to a 19th Century Idrīs Fahmī b. Sālih's Ijāzah Issued in the Balkans and Its Annotated English Translation). Asian Journal of Social Science, 35(1), 84–110. DOI: 10.1163/156853107X170178

Iqbal, I. (2011). The development of Medical Ethics. Nishtar Medical Journal, 3(3&4).

Islamic Banking and Finance Institute Malaysia (n.d). Shariah Decision making .Retrieved from

Islamic Code of Medical and Health ethics. (2005). WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean. Retrieved from

Kasule, O. H. (2013). Medical professionalism and professional organizations. Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, 8(3), 137–141. Retrieved from

Kinsinger, S. (2005). The Set and Setting: Professionalism Defined. Journal of Chiropractic Humanities, 12, 33–37. Retrieved from

Kueneman, J. & Hunter, M. (2010). The Medical Radiation Technologist: A Valuable Resource. In T. Van Deven et al. (eds.). The Practice of Radiology Education, pp. 71 – 79. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-03234-9_5

Larkin, G. L., Binder, L., Houry, D. & Adams, J. (2002). Defining and Evaluating Professionalism: A Core Competency for Graduate Emergency Medicine Education. AcadEmerg Med, 9(11). Retrieved from

Lewis, S., Heard, R., Robinson, J., White, K. & Poulos, A. (2008). The ethical commitment of Australian radiographers: Does medical dominance create an influence? Radiography 14, 90 – 97.

Makdisi, G (1989), Scholasticism and Humanism in Classical Islam and the Christian West. Journal of the American Oriental Society, 109(2), 175–182 [175–77], DOI:10.2307/604423, JSTOR 604423

Murphy, F. (2001). Understanding the humanistic interaction with medical imaging technology. Radiography, 7: 193 - 201

ʿAbd al-Sattār Abū Ghudda. (2013). al-Mabādiʾ al-Ḥākima li al-Akhlāq al-Islāmiyyah fī al-Ṭibb (The governing principles of Islamic ethics in medicine). Paper presented at The international Seminar of the Center for Islamic Legislation and Ethics (CILE) On Principles of Biomedical Ethics: Islamic Perspectives, the Center for Islamic Legislation and Ethics (CILE) Doha, Qatar. Retrieved from

Padela, A. I. (2007). Islamic medical Ethics: A Primer. Bioethics, 21(3):169-78

Professional Practice Standards for the Accredited Practitioner. (2013). Retrieved from

Ratnakar, R. & Nair, S. (2012). A Review of Scientific Research on Spirituality. Business Perspectives and Research. July – December, 2012

Rayan, S. (2012). Islamic Philosophy of Education. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 2(19). Retrieved from

Shehu, F. M. (2009). The role of religion in shaping contemporary man’s everyday moral character: an Islamic-Catholic perspective. In: 1st Global Conference on Ethics in Everyday Life, 17-19 March, 2009, Salzburg, Austria. Retrieved from

Shuriye, A.O & Adam, I.A. (2009). The concept of Itqan and its role in Muslim professional life. In Ismail, A.F, Shuriye, A. O., Adam, I.A. (2009) The concept of Itqan and its role in Muslim professional life. In: Ethics of engineering education. IIUM Press, Kuala Lumpur, pp. 99-105.

Standards of Proficiency for Radiographers. (2013). Retrieved from

Swick, H. M. (2000). Toward a Normative Definition of Medical Professionalism. Acad. Med, 75,612–616. Retrieved from

The Practice Standards for Medical Imaging and Radiation Therapy- Radiography practice standards. (2011). Retrieved from

The Scottish Government. (2012). Professionalism in nursing, midwifery, and the allied health professions in Scotland: a report to the Coordinating Council for the NMAHP Contribution to the Healthcare Quality Strategy for NHS Scotland. Crown. Retrieved from

Thomas, R., Biglatid, C., Burke, C. &Howlett, D. (2013) Maintaining medical professionalism at the heart of radiology. British Journal of Hospital Medicine, 72(7). Retrieved from

Verhovsek, E., Byington, R., & Deshkulkarni, S. (2009). Perceptions of Interprofessional Communication: Impact On Patient Care, Occupational Stress, And Job Satisfaction. The Internet Journal of Radiology. 12(2).

Yusuf, H.S (1999) Commentary on Riyadus Saliheen. Darussalam Riyadh.




How to Cite

Zainuddin, Zainul Ibrahim. 2018. “Aligning Qur’anic, Hadith and Shari’ah Paradigms into the Medical Imaging Practice: موائمة بين النماذج القرآنية والحديثية والشرعية في تطبيق التصوير الطبي”. AL-BURHĀN: JOURNAL OF QURʾĀN AND SUNNAH STUDIES 2 (1). Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.:1-17.