الألسنية الحديثة: قراءة إيبستمولوجية (Modern Linguistics: An Epistemological Reading)

  • عاصم شحادة علي أستاذ في قسم اللغة العربية وآدابها، كلية معارف الوحي والعلوم الإنسانية، الجامعة الإسلامية العالمية بماليزيا.

Abstract

ثمة قضايا في الألسنية اختلف فيها المعاصرون من حيث القبول أو الرفض؛ حيث تبحث الإيبستمولوجيا في القراءة النقدية للمبادئ والفرضيات والنتائج العلمية، وفي الوقت نفسه تتناول موضوع القراءة النقدية للعلوم. هذه الدراسة تهدف إلى البحث بشكل عام عن بعض قضايا  الألسنية الحديثة التي تناولها القدامى؛ للتأكيد على أنّ المعلومات قد استوعبها الطلبة غير الناطقين بالعربية والمتخصصين باللغة العربية، ولتحديد قضايا  الألسنية الحديثة  لدى القدامى العرب بشكل تفصيلي، ولتقييم أثر الألسنية الحديثة وتكاملها مع جهود القدامى اللغويين في المستوى العلمي للطلبة في الجامعات والمعاهد العليا، ولتوضيح دور اللغة في اللغة الإنسانية، ولتحسين فهم العلاقة بين مجالات الألسنية الحديثة  لدى القدامى والمعاصرين  وفعاليتها في العلوم الإنسانية، وللتأكيد على أن الألسنية الحديثة وتكاملها مع القدامى العرب فيها عناصر يمكن أن تؤثر في العلوم الإنسانية. توصلت الدراسة إلى نتائج مهمة، ومنها: أن التفكير النحوي وإعادة تدوين النظريات النحوية جاء بأسلوب حديث، وقدم أصول نظرية التحويل والتفريع، وقال بأن نظرية تشومسكي تلتقي في اعتراضها على البنيوية مع الأصول التي رسمها ابن هشام الأنصاري للتحليل اللغوي والمعرب عنده، هناك من العرب المعاصرين من هدف إلى قراءة التراث النحوي وتقييمه. وقد عرضوا عيب مقاربات المحدثين للتراث العربي والتي اتسمت بالتجريبية، وهناك من وصفوا الدراسة التاريخية للعلوم اللغوية من الدراسات اللغوية القديمة إلى الدراسات اللغوية في القرن العشرين.

الكلمات المفتاحيّة: الإيبستمولوجيا، التراث، المعاصرة، الدراسات اللغوية.

Abstract

There are many issues in modernity in which modernists differ in terms of acceptance or rejection; whereas epistemology examines the critical reading of principles, hypotheses, and scientific results along with addressing the critical reading of science. This study aims to search in general various modern linguistics issues that were addressed by the ancient Arabs; to emphasize that the information was absorbed by non-Arabic and Arabic-speaking students, to identify modern Arabic issues in the ancient Arabs in detail, and to evaluate the impact of modern linguistics and integration with the efforts of linguists in the academic level students of universities and higher institutes, to clarify the role of language in the human language, and to improve understanding of the relationship between the areas of modern linguistics  of ancient  and modern  period and its effectiveness in the humanities, and to emphasize that modern linguistics and its integration with ancient Arabs has elements that can influence the humanities. Among the important findings are: The grammatical thinking and the re-codification of grammatical theories brought out the modern methods, introduced the origins of the theory of conversion and division, and the theory of Chomsky meets in its opposition to structuralism with the theories drawn by Ibn Hisham Al-Ansari for linguistic analysis and the inflection. There are contemporary grammarians who aim to read the grammar heritage and evaluate it. They present the defect of modernist approaches to Arab heritage, which was characterized by experimentation, and there are those who define the historical study of linguistic sciences from the old linguistic studies to the linguistic studies of the twentieth century.

Keywords: Epistemology, Heritage, Contemporary, Language Studies.

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Published
2018-12-21
How to Cite
عليع. (2018). الألسنية الحديثة: قراءة إيبستمولوجية (Modern Linguistics: An Epistemological Reading). Journal of Islam in Asia <span Style="font-Size: 0.6em">(E-ISSN: 2289-8077)</Span&gt;, 15(2), 1-34. https://doi.org/10.31436/jia.v15i2.741
Section
Arabic Articles