Creativity in Malay Commentary Works: A Special Reference to Shaykh Dawud al-Fatani’s Ward al-Zawāhir Kreativiti dalam komentari melayu: satu kajian terhadap karya Shaykh Dawud al Fatani, Ward al zawahir

  • Che’Razi Jusoh Assistant Professor, Department of Fundamental and Inter-Disciplinary Studies, Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge & Human Sciences, International Islamic University Malaysia.

Abstract

Abstract
For generations, Dawud al-Fatani’s works have been considered among the reputable and reliable references in the literature of the Malay Archipelago. Among his authoritative works are: Munyat al-MusallÊ, Durr al-ThamÊn, FurË’ al-Masa’il, Minhaj al-‘Óbidin and al-Manhal al-Safi which have been praised for their lucid exposition of the issues addressed by al-Fatani in his writing. The hallmark of his scholarship is undoubtably his creativity and innovation, representing a key characteristic of the Islamic literature of the era and showcasing his gift for elucidating the primary texts of al-Qur’an and al-Hadith. This paper attempts to illustrate al-Fatani’s unique approach employed in his magnificent work entitled Ward al-Zawahir. The research reveals that among the techniques used by al-Fatani to enhance his writing, and which contributed so much to the Malay classical literature of the times are: Bilingualism, faedah (benefit point) and tanbih (admonishing point) etc. This paper is an exposure to the works of al-Fatani that will certainly benefit new generations of authors, enabling them to appreciate and draw inspiration from the literary heritage left to them by their predecessors.
 
Keywords: Malay classical works, Malay regions, scholarship, commentary works.
 
Abstrak
Selama bertahun-tahun karya Shaykh Dawud al-FaÏÉni telah dianggap sebagai rujukan yang paling penting dan amat disegani dalam kesusasteraan Melayu Jawi di alam Melayu. Antara karya-karyanya yang paling berwibawa ialah: Munyat al-MuÎallÊ, Durr al-ThamÊn, FurË al-MasÉ'il, MinhÉj al-'ÓbidÊn dan al-Manhal al-ØÉfÊ yang telah diangkat tinggi oleh para ilmuwan kerana perbahasan dan huraian yang tertera dalamnya amat jelas dan mendalam. Keistimewaan yang terdapat dalam karya-karya beliau dari segi keilmuwan dan kreativiti menepati ciri-ciri kesusasteraan Islam yang utama dan mempamerkan kedalaman ilmu beliau dalam menjelaskan perbendaharaan ilmu yang bersumberkan al-Qur'an dan al-Hadith. Makalah ini cuba untuk membawa pembaca meneliti beberapa pendekatan unik al-FatÉni yang digunakan dalam karya agungnya yang berjudul Ward al-ZawÉhir. Ia juga mendedahkan bahawa antara teknik yang digunakan oleh al-FatÉni dalam penulisannya dan sekaligus menyumbang kepada kesusasteraan klasik Melayu pada masa itu ialah: dwibahasa, faedah dan tanbih dan lain-lain. Pendedahan pendekatan yang digunakan dalam karya-karya al-FatÉni pasti akan memberikan manfaat kepada generasi baru dengan harapan agar membolehkan mereka menghargai warisan kusasteraan Jawi yang ditinggalkan oleh generasi yang terdahulu.
 
Kata Kunci: Karya klasik, daerah kepulauan Melayu, kesarjanaan, karya karya syarahan.
Published
2018-01-21
How to Cite
JUSOH, Che’Razi. Creativity in Malay Commentary Works: A Special Reference to Shaykh Dawud al-Fatani’s Ward al-Zawāhir Kreativiti dalam komentari melayu: satu kajian terhadap karya Shaykh Dawud al Fatani, Ward al zawahir. Journal of Islam in Asia, [S.l.], v. 14, n. 3, p. 341-365, jan. 2018. ISSN 2289-8077. Available at: <http://journals.iium.edu.my/jiasia/index.php/Islam/article/view/637>. Date accessed: 22 feb. 2018.