The Evolution and Development of Waqf Institution in a Secular State: The Philippine Case Evolusi dan Pembangunan Institusi Waqf di Negara Sekular Kes Negara Filipina

  • Alizaman D. Gamon Assistant Professor, Department of Fundamental and Interdisciplinary Studies, IIUM.
  • Mariam Saidona Tagoranao Assistant Professor, Faculty of Syriah and Law, USIM.

Abstract

Abstract
The relationship between state and Islamic institutions in secular society is a relatively new research area, complicated by the arguably secular worldview of mainstream development theory and practice. However, the establishment of waqf (pl. awqāf; sing. waqf) institutions or inalienable Muslim endowments in the Philippines can be traced back prior to colonialism in the Philippines.  The waqf or endowment is deemed part of the Islamic law introduced and interwoven to the old folk’s traditions in the Philippines.  The study analyzes the history and legal position of waqf institution and its implication towards the transformation of Muslim communities in the Philippines. The study evaluates the effectiveness of the remedies and solutions in addressing the challenges and problems of awqāf properties in Lanao del Sur, Philippines. The study is exploratory by its nature. The researcher opts to utilize qualitative method of gathering data. The flexibility and objectivity of the method allows the researcher to appreciate well-grounded descriptions and explanations of unforeseen thought, and their implications for the management and development of waqf in the Philippines. Waqf literatures in the Philippines have cursorily addressed the impact of government policies on the target population in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) and the grassroots response to the development of Islamic institutions, particularly awqāf properties. This research recommends the promulgation of a meaningful legal framework that guarantees the establishment of credible waqf-based model in management and financing which will then provide a strong support in the establishment of health clinic, Islamic religious centers and educational institutions.
Keywords: Islamic Institution, Philippine, Waqf, Legal Framework, Muslim Community.
Abstrak
Hubungan antara institusi negeri dan institusi Islam dalam masyarakat sekular adalah kawasan penyelidikan yang agak baru, yang rumit oleh pandangan teori dan praktik pembangunan dunia sekular. Walau bagaimanapun, penubuhan institusi waqf atau endowmen Islam yang tidak dapat dielakkan di Filipina dapat dikesan kepada sebelum penjajahan Filipina. Waqf atau endowmen dianggap sebahagian daripada undang-undang Islam yang diperkenalkan dan ditangani dengan tradisi rakyat lama di Filipina. Kajian ini menganalisis sejarah dan kedudukan hukum institusi waqf dan implikasinya terhadap transformasi masyarakat Islam di Filipina. Kajian ini menilai keberkesanan remedi dan penyelesaian dalam menangani cabaran dan masalah harta awqaf di Lanao del Sur, Filipina. Kajian ini bersifat terbuka. Penyelidik memilih untuk menggunakan kaedah kualitatif untuk mengumpul data. Fleksibilitas dan objektiviti kaedah membolehkan penyelidik menghayati penerangan dan penjelasan yang mendalam tentang pemikiran yang tidak diduga, dan implikasinya untuk pengurusan dan pembangunan waqf di Filipina. Literatur Waqf di Filipina telah menangani kesan dasar kerajaan terhadap populasi sasaran di Wilayah Autonomi di Mindanao Muslim (ARMM) dan respon akar umbi terhadap pembangunan institusi Islam, khususnya harta awqaf. Penyelidikan ini mencadangkan pengisytiharan rangka kerja undang-undang yang menjamin penubuhan model berasaskan wakaf yang berwibawa dalam pengurusan dan pembiayaan yang kemudiannya akan memberikan sokongan yang kuat dalam pembentukan klinik kesihatan, pusat agama Islam dan institusi pendidikan.
Kata Kunci: Institusi Islam, Filipina, Waqf, Rangka-kerja Undang-undang, Masyarakat Islam.
Published
2017-12-30
How to Cite
D. GAMON, Alizaman; TAGORANAO, Mariam Saidona. The Evolution and Development of Waqf Institution in a Secular State: The Philippine Case Evolusi dan Pembangunan Institusi Waqf di Negara Sekular Kes Negara Filipina. Journal of Islam in Asia, [S.l.], v. 14, n. 2, p. 345-375, dec. 2017. ISSN 2289-8077. Available at: <http://journals.iium.edu.my/jiasia/index.php/Islam/article/view/618>. Date accessed: 17 jan. 2018.
Section
English Articles