Human Nature and Motivation: A Comparative Analysis between Western and Islamic Psychologies

  • Mohd Abbas Abdul Razak
  • Maziah Bte Mustapha
  • Md Yousuf Ali

Abstract

In the fi eld of psychology, the topics on human nature and motivationhave been quite extensively discussed. These two topics are interrelatedand inseparable. Any endeavor to understand man and his potentials makesit necessary for one to venture into the study of human nature. Major topicsin psychology like motivation, personality, creativity, psychotherapy, mentalhealth, etc. could be well understood with a proper understanding on humannature. In the light of this reality, what makes this research an appealing andinteresting one is the fact that the researchers had comparatively analyzed theideas on human nature and motivation showcased to the world by Western andIslamic psychologies. The fact that there exist a great number of schools ofthought in Western psychology, the researchers had narrowed their scope ofinvestigation to three only. As such, they discussed the ideas on human natureand motivation as conceptualized in Psychoanalysis, Radical Behaviorism andHumanistic psychology. Upon analyzing Western theories, the researchersperformed a compare and contrast analysis with ideas provided by Islamicpsychology on human nature and motivation. This academic exercise was donein the hope of identifying as to whether there exist any similarity and differencebetween the two psychologies. Since the nature of this study was a qualitativeone, the researchers conducted a library research to collect the relevant data.In analyzing the data related to the study, the researchers used the content andtextual analysis methods.
Published
2017-12-29
How to Cite
ABDUL RAZAK, Mohd Abbas; MUSTAPHA, Maziah Bte; ALI, Md Yousuf. Human Nature and Motivation: A Comparative Analysis between Western and Islamic Psychologies. Intellectual Discourse, [S.l.], v. 25, n. Special Is, p. 503-525, dec. 2017. ISSN 2289-5639. Available at: <http://journals.iium.edu.my/intdiscourse/index.php/islam/article/view/1067>. Date accessed: 19 jan. 2018.