NATURAL CONVECTIVE HEAT TRANSFER IN A POROUS MEDIUM WITHIN A TWO DIMENSIONAL ENCLOSURE
In this paper, to achievement the effect of increase number of heating components arrangement on the rate of heat transfer of natural convection, that others have been less noticed. Therefore, in each stage increase the number of heating components so much the space occupied by them remains constant. Then by calculating the amount of heat transfer in different Rayleigh number became clear that minify and distributing heating solid phase in the enclosure increases the total Nusselt number and heat transfer, One reason could be high intensity of fluid motion in corners and near walls of the enclosure. In the next section with the solid phases on the enclosure can be made porous media model. As the results showed an increase in average Rayleigh number, Nusselt number has increased. Also be seen in the lower Darcy numbers, speed of increase in Nusselt number with increase in average Rayleigh number is higher. It can be said that in enclosure by any number of solid pieces with certain Darcy number, with an increase in average Rayleigh number, circular flow inside the enclosure becomes more intense and isothermal lines near walls with constant temperature are so dense, that represents an increase in rate of heat transfer. Also by increasing the Darcy number, rate of heat transfer from the porous media has decreased, as regards that a large share of heat transfer in porous media is done by conduction, although increasing Darcy number increases heat transfer of natural convection but decrease a heat transfer of conduction, therefore decrease total of heat transfer.
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