Knowledge-Based Trajectory Error Pattern Method Applied to an Active Force Control Scheme

  • Endra Pitowarno, Musa Mailah, Hishamuddin Jamaluddin Department of Applied Mechanics, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Universiti Teknologi Malaysia 81310 Skudai, Johor Darul Takzim, Tel: 07-5534756, Fax: 07-5566159 E-mail:,


The active force control (AFC) method is known as a robust control scheme that dramatically enhances the performance of a robot arm particularly in compensating the disturbance effects. The main task of the AFC method is to estimate the inertia matrix in the feedback loop to provide the correct (motor) torque required to cancel out these disturbances. Several intelligent control schemes have already been introduced to enhance the estimation methods of acquiring the inertia matrix such as those using neural network, iterative learning and fuzzy logic. In this paper, we propose an alternative scheme called Knowledge-Based Trajectory Error Pattern Method (KBTEPM) to suppress the trajectory track error of the AFC scheme. The knowledge is developed from the trajectory track error characteristic based on the previous experimental results of the crude approximation method. It produces a unique, new and desirable error pattern when a trajectory command is forced. An experimental study was performed using simulation work on the AFC scheme with KBTEPM applied to a two-planar manipulator in which a set of rule-based algorithm is derived. A number of previous AFC schemes are also reviewed as benchmark. The simulation results show that the AFC-KBTEPM scheme successfully reduces the trajectory track error significantly even in the presence of the introduced disturbances.
Key Words:  Active force control, estimated inertia matrix, robot arm, trajectory error pattern, knowledge-based.


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How to Cite
Hishamuddin Jamaluddin, E. P. (1). Knowledge-Based Trajectory Error Pattern Method Applied to an Active Force Control Scheme. IIUM Engineering Journal, 3(1).